How to Improve Your Digestive Health: 25 Tips on Diet, Exercise, and Other Lifestyle Tips for a Healthy Digestive System

Most people have experienced gastrointestinal upset at some point throughout their lives and are acutely aware of just how miserable digestive troubles — from bloating and gas to indigestion and more — can be. But gastrointestinal upset isn’t the only challenge associated with poor digestive system health; your digestive system plays a crucial role in your overall health and well-being.

Digestive system health is impacted by the foods and beverages you consume, but also by the balance of bacteria in your gut, emotions, and more. And your digestive system is linked to your whole-body health. For instance, allergies or sensitivities to certain foods lead to not only digestive upset but also to other inflammatory conditions such as hives, swelling, and, in severe cases, even anaphylaxis.

Clearly, there are many compelling reasons to focus on maintaining a healthy digestive system, and we’ve put together a list of 25 informative tips to help you achieve this goal. Check out our top 25 tips for improving digestive system health below (click on a link for more detail):

  1. Move daily.
  2. Consume ample fiber.
  3. Cut back on processed foods, choosing those with the fewest ingredients.
  4. Limit processed meats, as well as beef, pork, and lamb.
  5. Pay attention to your energy level after eating.
  6. Avoid eating when stressed.
  7. Keep your gut bacteria in balance.
  8. Drink plenty of water — even when you’re not thirsty.
  9. Choose ancient (over refined) whole grains.
  10. Opt for soothing foods.
  11. Don’t smoke. If you do smoke, quit.
  12. Start each morning with a glass of lukewarm water with fresh-squeezed lemon juice or apple cider vinegar.
  13. Eat slowly and until you’re satisfied, but not full.
  14. Avoid excessive sugar, even non-refined sugar.
  15. Get enough calcium and Vitamin D.
  16. Practice yoga.
  17. Take high-quality probiotics supplements.
  18. Avoid eating a lot of raw plant foods, particularly during digestive flare-ups.
  19. Know the common culprits that tend to upset the digestive system.
  20. Eat on a regular schedule.
  21. Maintain consistency, but plan meals according to your daily schedule.
  22. Drink a glass of warm water about 20 minutes before eating.
  23. While it’s good to drink a glass of water about 15-30 minutes before eating, you should avoid drinking beverages during meals.
  24. Use food combining and food sequencing techniques for digestive health.
  25. Keep it simple and keep your portions manageable.

Let’s take a look at each of these 25 helpful tips in more detail so you can start implementing them today to improve your digestive system health.

"A recent study published in Diabetes Care showed that a short 15-minute walk after each meal helped to control sugar spikes after eating. These short post-meal walks were more effective than taking a longer, 45-minute walk once daily." - Sheila Patel, M.D.

1. Move daily. “A recent study published in Diabetes Care showed that a short 15-minute walk after each meal helped to control sugar spikes after eating. These short post-meal walks were more effective than taking a longer, 45-minute walk once daily.” – Sheila Patel, M.D., 6 Ayurvedic Practices to Improve Your Digestion, The Chopra Center; Twitter: @chopracenter

2. Consume ample fiber. “Fiber can help your GI tract stay ‘regular,’ improve cardiovascular health and regulate blood sugar levels. Fiber also reduces cholesterol levels in the blood, enhances proper bowel function, prevents constipation and diverticulosis, and provides a feeling of fullness without adding calories. It is found in plant sources, so be sure to eat a diet containing a wide variety of fruit, vegetables, legumes and whole grains.

“Health and nutrition experts recommend eating 14 grams of dietary fiber per 1,000 calories consumed. Fiber is found only in plant food, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. It’s the part of the plant that is not digested in the human body. It’s important to eat foods containing both soluble fiber, such as oat bran and beans, and insoluble fiber, such as whole-wheat products. Both forms are necessary for a healthful diet.

  • Soluble fiber mixes with water to create a gel-like consistency; this slows digestion to help the body absorb more nutrients and remove substances like cholesterol. Soluble fiber may play a protective role in heart disease and diabetes. Research has shown that eating foods with soluble fiber can help control the blood levels of both cholesterol and glucose. Oats and oat bran, nuts, legumes, peas, and some fruits and vegetables such as dried plums, apples and carrots all provide soluble fiber.
  • Insoluble fiber does not mix with water but adds bulk to stool and helps move food through the digestive system. Insoluable fiber helps prevent conditions of the gastrointestinal tract such as constipation, diverticulosis (a condition effecting 10% of people over the age of 40 where sections of the colon protrude through weak spots forming what look like pouches) and hemorrhoids. Insoluble fiber may also play a role in preventing some types of cancer. Whole grains (especially wheat bran), skins of fruits, dried plums and many vegetables (cauliflower and potatoes) provide insoluble fiber.” – 10 Steps to Build and Maintain Digestive Health, California Dried Plums; Twitter: @CaDriedPlums

Choose foods that have the fewest ingredients listed on their labels, and chow down on those that contain probiotics (including milk, sauerkraut, and yogurt) and prebiotics." - Dana White


3. Cut back on processed foods, choosing those with the fewest ingredients. “Consume more fiber from fruit and veggies and cut back on processed foods, animal protein, and simple sugars, all of which feed harmful bacteria and contribute to obesity and disease, says Carolyn Snyder, RD, a dietitian at the Cleveland Clinic. Choose foods that have the fewest ingredients listed on their labels, and chow down on those that contain probiotics (including milk, sauerkraut, and yogurt) and prebiotics, which are certain nondigestible ingredients (found in high-fiber fruit like bananas; whole grains, such as barley and rye; and vegetables like onions and tomatoes) that act as fertilizer for the probiotics in our guts.” – Dana White, What Your Gut Says About Your Health, Fitness Magazine; Twitter: @FitnessMagazine

4. Limit processed meats, as well as beef, pork, and lamb. “Choose poultry or fish more frequently than red meat, and limit processed meats. Smaller portions of meat, consumed less often (a 12-ounce porterhouse is really three servings, not one), are also beneficial. Most people do not need to consume more than six to eight ounces of meat every day. Try replacing meat with dried beans for more fiber. One half cup of beans provides the same amount of protein as in 1 ounce of meat.” – Keeping Your Digestive Tract Healthy, Cleveland Clinic; Twitter: @ClevelandClinic

"When your system is under strain your body needs to direct its energy to digesting and assimilating the food, leaving you feeling tired." - Jayne Leonard

5. Pay attention to your energy level after eating. “If you need a post-dinner nap then you may be suffering from a sluggish digestive system. When your system is under strain your body needs to direct its energy to digesting and assimilating the food, leaving you feeling tired.

“If you are overeating your body will also struggle to fuel both you and your digestive system and you’ll feel sleepy. Try smaller meals with healthy snacks in between to give your system a break.

“Taking a short walk after your meal has been shown to improve digestion – plus the fresh air should help give you a burst of energy. You could also try taking a spoonful of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water before each meal, which is beneficial for some in helping digestive issues.” – Jayne Leonard, 10 Warning Signs Of Poor Digestion That You Are Probably Ignoring, Natural Living Ideas; Twitter: @NatLivingIdeas

6. Avoid eating when stressed. “Eating when stressed is a common cause of bloating, which many of our clients think is normal because it happens day in, day out. But it’s not, and you can reduce it if you calm your system before eating. Taking a few deep breaths replaces the arousal-based nervous system associated with stress with the calming parasympathetic nervous system. When this is activated, digestion can work properly again.” – Helen Foster, How to take care of your digestive system: an expert guide, Telegraph.co.uk; Twitter: @Telegraph

"Factors such as stress, lack of sleep, antibiotics, illness, aging and poor diet choices can often lead to an imbalance of your digestive tract bacteria." - Keri Glassman

7. Keep your gut bacteria in balance. “Factors such as stress, lack of sleep, antibiotics, illness, aging and poor diet choices can often lead to an imbalance of your digestive tract bacteria. Certain probiotics, mostly found in dairy products and some fortified cereals, can help to maintain the balance of ‘good’ bacteria in the digestive tract. Try a daily helping of yogurt with probiotics, such as Activia.” – Keri Glassman, Digestive health: 10 Tips for getting your digestive system back on track, SheKnows; Twitter: @SheKnows

8. Drink plenty of water — even when you’re not thirsty. “Dehydration is known to wreak havoc on our digestive system. We need to drink at least 3 litres of water a day to keep our system well hydrated. Our intestines use water to push the digested waste through the system and convert it into a form that can be easily eliminated. Continuous low water intake leads to constipation and the build-up of toxins in the body, and this in turn increases your risk of developing more complicated digestive issues. So make sure you consciously take the time to drink the amount of water you need every day, at regular intervals. Don’t wait to be thirsty.” – Dr.Mandar Doiphode, 5 Powerful Tips to Improve Your Digestion, Smart Cooky; Twitter: @SmartCooky

"Even if you’re not sensitive or allergic to gluten, opting for gluten-free, ancient whole grains in place of refined grains that contain gluten." - Heather McClees

9. Choose ancient (over refined) whole grains. “Even if you’re not sensitive or allergic to gluten, opting for gluten-free, ancient whole grains in place of refined grains that contain gluten. Since highly processed sources of gluten can be a potential problem for digestion, go for gluten-free, ancient whole grains like quinoa, amaranth, millet, and teff instead. These are some of the healthiest grains you can eat and contain no potential allergens like glutinous grains such as wheat, barley, oats, and rye do.” – Heather McClees, Improve Your Digestive Health in Just One Week With These Eating Tips!, One Green Planet; Twitter: @OneGreenPlanet

10. Opt for soothing foods. “‘Try foods called ‘carminatives’ that prevent or relieve gas, and are used to help the digestive process,’ says Jennifer Salib Huber, a registered dietitian and naturopathic doctor in Dartmouth, N.S. ‘Cumin, for example, helps with the digestion of black beans, which is why they’re often found in recipes together. Other carminatives include caraway, nutmeg, cinnamon and cardamom.’

“Ginger is a traditional nausea remedy, and new studies are backing up the claims. Research shows that it can help quell nausea due to pregnancy, chemotherapy and operations. A 2008 study published in the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology found that when healthy volunteers took ginger capsules along with a bowl of soup, their stomachs emptied more quickly. This may be useful for treating gastro-paresis, or delayed stomach emptying, a side effect of diabetes.” – The Foods to Eat for a Healthy Gut, Best Health Magazine; Twitter: @besthealthmag

"Smoking seems to be bad for every part of the body, and our digestive system is no different." - Organic Facts

11. Don’t smoke. If you do smoke, quit. “Smoking seems to be bad for every part of the body, and our digestive system is no different. Smoking has an astringent effect on the body, narrowing blood vessels and increasing the likelihood of inflammation; in the gut, this sort of effect can be very harmful, leading to heartburn, ulcers, and other intestinal complications.” – 20 Tips To Improve Digestive Health, Organic Facts

12. Start each morning with a glass of lukewarm water with fresh-squeezed lemon juice or apple cider vinegar. “This gives your digestive system a gentle jump start and prepares it for the food that you will start your day off with. Starting your morning with smoother digestion goes a long way towards a better functioning system overall.” – Stephanie Langford, Simple Ways to Improve your Digestion and Gut Health, Keeper of the Home; Twitter: @KeeperHome

"Eating slowly allows enough time for the digestive system to communicate satiety to the brain. Overeating slows digestion and encourages bad habits." - Lisa Tsakos

13. Eat slowly and until you’re satisfied, but not full. “Eating slowly allows enough time for the digestive system to communicate satiety to the brain. Overeating slows digestion and encourages bad habits.” – Lisa Tsakos, 8 Steps to Improving Digestion, Naturally Savvy; Twitter: @naturallysavvy

14. Avoid excessive sugar, even non-refined sugar. “Even in healthy diets, there can be a considerable amount of sugar. While it may not be refined, if you are particularly health conscious, eating excess fruit, fruit juices, honey and any other natural sweetener (with the exception of stevia or xylitol, which don’t actually contain any sugar), can actually create digestive problems by weakening your pancreas.

“When you eat sweet foods, the sugar contained therein finds its way into your bloodstream (and quite quickly at that). Your body maintains a very delicate balance of sugar levels in the blood; and a sudden influx from eating highly sweetened foods—especially if the sugar therein is refined—causes your blood sugar levels to spike. In order to get things back under control, your pancreas begins to secrete insulin, which then safely transports the excess sugar out of your bloodstream. This is a normal, healthy process; but like anything in excess, it leads to digestive problems.” – Justin Faerman, How to Heal Your Digestive Problems Naturally, Conscious Lifestyle Magazine; Twitter: @ConsciousLMag

"You can prevent digestive problems by making sure you consume an adequate amount of calcium-rich foods and beverages, such as milk, tofu, and yogurt." - Erica Cirino

15. Get enough calcium and Vitamin D. “Get enough calcium and vitamin D. You can prevent digestive problems by making sure you consume an adequate amount of calcium-rich foods and beverages, such as milk, tofu, and yogurt. Taking vitamin D supplements and safely increasing your exposure to sunlight can also help prevent digestive issues.” – Erica Cirino, Medically Reviewed by Natalie Butler, RD, LD, What Do You Want to Know About Digestive Health?, Healthline; Twitter: @Healthline

16. Practice yoga. “Remember how you feel after a good body massage? Well, your digestive system feels much the same after a sequence of yoga postures. Your mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine make up your digestive system, with your teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder and pancreas acting as accessory organs. Throughout the day your digestive system is ingesting food, secreting fluids, breaking down and digesting fiber, absorbing nutrients and defecating waste. This is when it is all working correctly.

“Sometimes you might experience indigestion, acid reflux, bloating, pain, constipation or diarrhea. A regular practice of Hatha yoga can help prevent these kind of  problems or aid in healing many types of chronic digestive complaints. There are certain simple, basic postures that you can easily incorporate into a regular practice. Putting them together in short sequences can be very effective and work within your time constraints.” – Delia Quigley, 10 Yoga Poses to Improve Your Digestion, Care2; Twitter: @Care2

"Research is showing that the healthier our digestive tract microflora, the healthier we are." - Dr. Melina Roberts

17. Take high-quality probiotics supplements. “Probiotics are the good healthy bacteria which will help to build a foundation of healthy microflora in the digestive tract. Research is showing that the healthier our digestive tract microflora, the healthier we are.” – Dr. Melina Roberts, 6 Ways To Improve Your Digestive Health, Food Matters; Twitter: @FoodMattersFilm

18. Avoid eating a lot of raw plant foods, particularly during digestive flare-ups. “In the midst of a flare-up, it is best to eat mainly soft, cooked plant foods, the best ones being steamed zucchini, porridge made with white rice, and potato-based soups.

“What about those folks who point to white rice being a highly refined food and therefore not a healthy food choice? In theory, white rice is inferior to fresh vegetables and whole grains that are minimally processed. But sometimes, one has to recognize that theory doesn’t apply to every circumstance, and because I have experienced good results firsthand in feeding well cooked white rice to folks who were having dozens of bouts of bloody diarrhea a day while eating nothing but fresh vegetables, I stand behind this recommendation with confidence.

“For some people, even small amounts of raw plant foods (including raw vegetable juices and green food powders) can increase the intensity and frequency of their symptoms.

“Raw plant foods and their juices can be added back into the diet on a gradual basis once a flare-up has subsided.” – Dr. Ben Kim, How to Improve Digestive Tract Health, DrBenKim.com; Twitter: @Ben_Kim

"Try cutting out one at a time to determine what is affecting your health." - Steven Macari

19. Know the common culprits that tend to upset the digestive system. “Gluten, dairy, corn, soy, nuts, eggs, chocolate, citrus fruits. These are the common culprits, you may or may not be able to tolerate these foods. Thinking about how you feel after you eat these foods can be particularly helpful. If you experience any bloating, brain fog, skin problems, etc. you should consider avoiding. Try cutting out one at a time to determine what is affecting your health.” – Steven Macari, 13 Ways to Improve Digestion Naturally, Harper’s Bazaar; Twitter: @harpersbazaarus

20. Eat on a regular schedule. “Try to establish a meal schedule that you can stick to. Pick times in the day that work with your daily routine. Remember to take into account work, social, and active parts of your day. I recommend not eating for 2 hours before engaging in any exercise, check out our Top 4 Tips for Exercising with IBS article for more tips. Of course there are days when our schedules will change and we have to remember this. I am not always successful at this as life as an entrepreneur is always changing and to be honest, my days are never the same. However, I always try to get my breakfast, lunch and dinner in at the same time… at the very least! This pattern helps your body get into a routine of when it expects to eat.

“Example:

  • Breakfast       @        8 am
  • Lunch             @        12 pm
  • Snack             @        3 pm
  • Dinner            @        7 pm” – Stephanie Clairmont and Team, Top 3 Strategies for Healthy Digestion, StephanieClairmont.com; Twitter: @BeyondFODMAPs

"If you sleep at night and rise in the morning, eating at night exposes you to weight gain, indigestion and other uncomfortable consequences." - Rob Callahan


21. Maintain consistency, but plan meals according to your daily schedule. “Some people keep unusual hours. If you work a night shift, the time you spend sleeping during the day is the time at which your metabolism enters a resting state. You might have the equivalent of breakfast late in the evening, and take your lunch and dinner while other people are asleep. Under these conditions, maintain regular late-night meals to foster a healthy digestive system. However, if you sleep at night and rise in the morning, eating at night exposes you to weight gain, indigestion and other uncomfortable consequences.” – Rob Callahan, Late Night Eating and Healthy Digestion, Livestrong; Twitter: @livestrong

22. Drink a glass of warm water about 20 minutes before eating. “A simple glass of warm water twenty minutes before a meal can improve digestive function by as much as 24%.” – John Immel, 10 Healthy Eating Habits to Improve Your Digestion from Ayurveda, Joyful Belly; Twitter: @joyfulbelly

"Liquids are best consumed about 15-30 minutes before meal or about and 1-2 hours after a meal to help avoid diluting enzymes needed to breakdown foods." - The Chalkboard

23. While it’s good to drink a glass of water about 15-30 minutes before eating, you should avoid drinking beverages during meals. “Avoid drinking with meals. Liquids are best consumed about 15-30 minutes before meal or about and 1-2 hours after a meal to help avoid diluting enzymes needed to breakdown foods. If you do reach for a drink with your meal (like most of us do), reach for an herbal tea or kombucha that that will enhance the digestive process.” Food Combining: What to Eat to Flatten Your Tummy and Optimize Digestion, The Chalkboard; Twitter: @chalkboardmag

24. Use food combining and food sequencing techniques for digestive health. “Some people – especially when coming from a standard American diet – will see a lot of benefits from getting very strict about food combining. It can do wonders for healing your digestive tract, and balancing your system.

“My brother was having some real problems when he moved to New York from Shanghai. The totally different food was giving him a ton of gas. He felt awful, and heard about food combining so decided to try it.

“By eating very simple combinations for his meals, and being really strict about his food combinations for a few months, he got rid of his gas. Once he got his digestion working properly, he had to take in all of his pants because his belly wasn’t bloated anymore.

“If your stomach is bloated with gas, if you find yourself tired after meals, if you feel full for hours after eating, or if you notice your food isn’t getting broken down fully you should try following the food combining rules for a while to see if it helps.” – Heather Nicholds, Food Combining Guidelines To Relieve Your Bloated Belly, HeatherNicholds.com; Twitter: @HeatherNicholds

"One of the ways to make sure that you get a positive net gain of energy from food is to eat nutrient-dense foods. Another way is to make sure that those nutrients can be easily absorbed into your body by keeping food combinations simple." - Nadya Andreeva

25. Keep it simple and keep your portions manageable. “One of the ways to make sure that you get a positive net gain of energy from food is to eat nutrient-dense foods. Another way is to make sure that those nutrients can be easily absorbed into your body by keeping food combinations simple.

“Food combination theories can be quite complicated to understand, and almost impossible to remember right away. However, there is one key rule that will save you a lot of memorizing: SIMPLICITY. The fewer ingredients the less different enzymes you need to digest food and the less likely the food will get stuck in our body fermenting. Simple meals are easier because they require less resources to break down and turn them into nutrients.

“Another rule is to keep portions manageable. If you know that you will be eating a complicated meal consisting of hard-to-digest products, keep the amount small (Yes, I am talking about Thanksgiving). It is easier to deal with a small problem rather than a large one.” – Nadya Andreeva, 10 Interesting Facts About Food Combining, Spinach and Yoga Blog; Twitter: @realyoganyc

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What Is Gut Flora (and How Do You Restore It)?

Definition of Gut Flora

Gut flora is defined as the collection of microorganisms that live in the digestive tract of almost all living things. There are more than 400 different types of bacteria that can live in the gut, which is why ensuring that your gut flora levels are balanced is crucial for ensuring overall health and well-being. Too much of one and/or not enough of another can result in problems such as difficulty with nutrient absorption, excessive gas and bloating, or even diarrhea or constipation.

How Gut Flora Works what is gut flora

Because there are so many different types of bacteria living in the gut, it’s not entirely known exactly how they all work together in the human body. However, there have been several studies into gut flora that demonstrate the impact of gut flora on the overall state of the body as well as disease states and acute illnesses. “There’s a good chance your microbiome is associated with every disease you can think of — diabetes, cancer, autism,” Michael Snyder, PhD, and director of Stanford University’s Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine tells WebMD. “And the area where bacteria have a huge impact is your gut.”

Gut bacteria have been linked to illnesses such as diabetes, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, colon cancer, and obesity. Scientists have also recognized the connection between the health of the gut and brain health for many years. This is known as the gut-brain connection. The bacteria in your gut can actually communicate messages to the brain via the nervous system, hormones, and the immune system. Researchers have found connections between intestinal bacteria and mental health conditions including autism, ADD, anxiety, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, among others.

Examples of Gut Flora

There are several types of gut flora, with some research finding up to 400 different types of flora in the feces of a single person. Some gut flora strains found in the human body include:

  • Giardia
  • Helicobacter
  • Campylobacter
  • Shigella
  • Entamoeba
  • Salmonella
  • Clostridium
  • Lactobacillus

Most of the microbes in the gut are anaerobic — which means they do not require oxygen in order to survive — making the body an ideal living environment. There are few gut flora in the stomach and upper intestinal system, with the majority of a person’s gut bacteria taking up residence in the lower bowel. There are some located in the mouth, throat, and esophageal area, but these are usually involved in digestion and don’t always make it to the lower bowel.

Benefits of Gut Flora

The importance of well-balanced gut flora cannot be stressed enough. A healthy level of gut flora is essential for ensuring good digestion, especially when it comes to fiber and lactose in the diet. These bacteria are necessary for breaking down food and keeping things moving through the digestive tract.

When out of balance, gut flora can also cause issues with the absorption of nutrients, resulting in deficiencies and even illnesses. They also send signals to your immune system, which can trigger immune responses like hives or increased mucous production. This can also lead to painful autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation in the body has also been linked to diseases affecting the skin, lungs, heart, and other body systems.

Healthy gut flora is also a key contributing factor in maintaining ideal levels of blood clotting agents. For instance, research shows that those with low levels of vitamin K who have recently taken antibiotics have lower clotting factors.

How to Restore Your Gut Flora

You can boost your own beneficial gut flora primarily through nutrition measures. Avoid eating a diet high in processed foods, which has been shown to contribute to a less diverse community of gut flora. Experiments on mice showed that when fed a standard American diet, the mice would become obese, as it was difficult for the good bacteria to set up shop in the digestive tract. The more you’re able to vary your diet, the more diverse and healthy your gut flora will be.

Avoid overusing antibiotics. Each time you take an antibiotic, you are wiping out critical gut flora essential for health. While this is sometimes necessary in order to get rid of an infection in the body, you’ll want to ensure you replenish these good bacteria either by consuming a probiotic supplement or probiotic-rich foods.

restoring gut flora with probiotic rich foods

Increasing your intake of probiotic-rich foods is probably one of the best ways to restore your levels, and the variety, of healthy gut flora. Probiotic-rich foods include:

  • Yogurt
  • Sauerkraut
  • Kombucha
  • Sour pickles
  • Dark chocolate
  • Tempeh
  • Miso
  • Kimchi
  • Kefir
  • Sourdough bread

Expectant mothers may also consider breastfeeding. Research shows that formula-fed infants have gut microbes not seen in breastfed babies until solid foods are introduced. It’s thought this early introduction of certain microbes may be linked to asthma, eczema, and allergies.

By avoiding antibiotics, reducing stress levels, eating a diverse diet, and increasing your intake of probiotic-rich foods or probiotic supplements, you can help to balance and maintain a healthy gut flora.

Images via Pixabay by OpenClipart-Vectors and Pexels

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What Foods Have Probiotics?

Gut health is essential to overall well being and a major contributing factor to this is probiotics. You can take probiotics in a supplement form, but eating foods that are rich in these natural immune-boosting microbes is a more delicious way to get these healthy bacteria into your gut. This can be easy to do since there is no shortage of probiotic-rich foods, including:

  1. Yogurt
  2. Sauerkraut
  3. Kimchi
  4. Dark Chocolate
  5. Kombucha
  6. Miso
  7. Kefir
  8. Tempeh
  9. Pickles
  10. Sourdough Bread

Let’s take a closer look at these ten probiotic-rich foods and how consuming these (and other foods rich in probiotics) can help you improve gut health and overall well-being.

1. Yogurt – Probably the most widely-known and frequently consumed probiotic food is yogurt. It is easily found in any grocery store and can safely be eaten by people of all ages on a daily basis to help add beneficial bacteria back into the gut. A study published in mBio, the journal of the American Society for Microbiology, found probiotics in yogurt can even help reduce uptake of mercury and arsenic levels — especially in pregnant women.

2. Sauerkraut – Another food rich in probiotics that is ready available in stores is sauerkraut. Made simply from cabbage and salt, it’s also incredibly easy to make yourself. It contains more beneficial lactobacillus bacteria than yogurt and even has anti-cancer properties. Yogurt and other probiotic-rich foods

3. Kimchi – Filled with probiotic lactic acid bacteria, this traditional food is eaten with gusto by Asian cultures and has been gaining popularity in North America. The Journal of Medicinal Food notes that kimchi provides a number of health benefits including: “anti-cancer, anti-obesity, anti-constipation, colorectal health promotion, probiotic properties, cholesterol reduction, fibrolytic effect, antioxidative and antiaging properties, brain health promotion, immune promotion, and skin health promotion.”

4. Dark Chocolate – Because chocolate is a fermented food, it contains beneficial probiotics. There are also several compounds in cocoa that research has shown to help with everything from boosting skin health and blood flow, to reducing inflammation, blood pressure, and risk of cardiovascular disease.

5. Kombucha – Long thought of as a beverage choice of hippies, kombucha has become a mainstream drink choice thanks to its high level of probiotics. Several flavors can be found in most major retailers, but it’s another food that’s easy to make yourself. Those who are immunocompromised should steer clear though due to a slight alcohol content and potential for food safety issues.

6. Miso – This staple of Asian cultures is rich in flavor and probiotics, due to being made from fermented soybeans. It also contains a number of trace vitamins and minerals including vitamins E, K, and B, as well as copper and zinc. Research has also found that including moderate amounts of soy foods in one’s diet to be beneficial.

7. Kefir – Similar to yogurt, kefir is a fermented dairy food that has a consistency perfect for drinking. It packs a powerful probiotic punch and has a slightly effervescent mouthfeel, thanks to the 10-20 different bacteria strains that are typically used in its production.

8. Tempeh – Another soy-based food, tempeh is a popular protein choice for vegetarians and has been a traditional food of Asian cultures for generations. It’s also an excellent non-dairy source of iron and calcium, and a 2015 study found that it can even provide anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory effects when eaten sparingly.

9. Pickles – You probably eat them all the time without realizing that pickles are a food source of probiotics. Thanks to the vinegar used in the pickling process, both the pickles and their juice can help increase levels of healthy bacteria in your gut. They’re even reported to be curative for hangovers, heartburn, and PMS!

10. Sourdough bread – Not only does sourdough contain beneficial probiotic bacteria, but the unique fermentation process that occurs in its production allows it to be more easily digested by those with gluten sensitivities.

How Probiotics Help to Bolster Immune Health: What the Research Shows:

While there are an infinite number of probiotics and research is still somewhat new, many studies have found that eating foods rich in probiotics can help replenish the healthy bacteria in your gut after taking antibiotics, as well as relieving unpleasant gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome.

The American Gastroenterological Association also shares how probiotics are beneficial to people of all ages, and how maintaining a healthy balance of gut flora can boost overall health.

Foods With Probiotics to Help Prevent Cancer:

Research out of UCLA has found that healthy gut bacteria can help to prevent cancers, and eating probiotic-rich foods is one way to help bolster these beneficial microbes.

“If the good bugs in the gut outnumber the bad bugs, you’re less likely to develop some of the conditions that we know are highly associated with obesity and certain cancers and a whole host of things,” Cleveland Clinic dietitian Kristin Kirkpatrick told WebMD.

Certain probiotics in foods or consumed via probiotic supplements can help to reduce inflammation in the body, which in turn directly contributes to lowering the risk of developing many diseases, including cancer, heart disease, arthritis and more.

As you can see, it’s easy to add foods with probiotics into your daily diet in order to reap the many health benefits of these immune-boosting bacteria.

Image via Pixabay by ponce_photography

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How to Improve Colon Health: 25 Ways from Diet, to Cleansing and Lifestyle Tips that Help Prevent Disease and Promote Colon Health

The colon, or the large intestine, is an integral part of the digestive system. A variety of conditions can have a negative impact on colon function, causing digestive upset and other symptoms, ranging from functional disorders (in which the colon looks normal but doesn’t function properly) like irritable bowel syndrome and constipation, to conditions like Chron’s disease, colitis, diverticulitis, cancer, and more.

Colorectal cancer, the third most common type of cancer diagnosed in both men and women in the United States, is one of the most serious conditions that affect the colon. There are a number of risk factors that make people more likely to develop colorectal cancer, including:

  • Older age
  • Personal history of colon polyps or cancer
  • Inflammatory intestinal conditions (like irritable bowel syndrome and Chron’s disease)
  • Family history
  • A low-fiber, high-fat diet
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption

Like most diseases, risk factors for developing colorectal cancer and other colon-related health conditions include both modifiable and non-modifiable factors. You can’t do anything about your family health history, for instance, but you can certainly make lifestyle changes that eliminate other risk factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, a sedentary lifestyle, and more. And while colorectal cancer is certainly one of the most serious health conditions, many other colon-related conditions can have a detrimental impact on your quality of life. That’s why it’s crucial to adopt healthy lifestyle habits that reduce your risk of colorectal cancer and other conditions that affect the colon.

To help you start making positive lifestyle changes, we’ve rounded up 25 of the best ways to improve colon health and reduce your risk of developing colon-related health conditions today.

Check out our top 25 tips for improving colon health (click on a link for more detail):

  1. Limit your consumption of red meats and processed meats.
  2. Choose healthy fats.
  3. Increase your fiber intake.
  4. Get more exercise.
  5. Pay attention to your stool.
  6. Drink plenty of water.
  7. Focus on consuming fresh fruits and vegetables while limiting processed foods across all food groups.
  8. Aim for a primarily plant-based diet.
  9. Get screened for colon cancer.
  10. Maintain a healthy weight.
  11. Get enough calcium.
  12. Talk to your doctor if you experience frequent constipation.
  13. Identify underlying contributors to digestive issues.
  14. Take an occasional aspirin.
  15. Prepare your foods in a safe manner.
  16. Consume fermented foods and probiotics.
  17. Avoid caffeine.
  18. Get your daily dose of Vitamin D.
  19. Try a safe, natural colon cleanse.
  20. Drink an apple cider vinegar cleanse to promote probiotic growth.
  21. If you have an inflammatory bowel disease, consult a nutritionist for targeted dietary guidance.
  22. Find a good source of soluble fiber.
  23. Create meal plans to avoid eating processed foods, particularly during busy times.
  24. Reduce your alcohol consumption.
  25. Fit more physical activity into your daily routine.

"It is best to limit processed meats to a special treat now and then because they have other components, such as preservatives, that may cause cancer.'" - Heather Rasmussen, PhD


1. Limit your consumption of red meats and processed meats. “According to the ACS, the risk of colon cancer increases by 15 to 20 percent if you consume 100 grams of red meat (the equivalent of a small hamburger) or 50 grams (equivalent of one hot dog) of processed meats, like sausage, bacon or hotdogs, per day.

“‘You can still have a little bit of red meat — about two four-ounce servings of red meat per week,’ says Rasmussen. ‘However, it is best to limit processed meats to a special treat now and then because they have other components, such as preservatives, that may cause cancer.'” – Heather Rasmussen, PhD, a registered dietitian at Rush, Eating for a Healthy Colon, Rush University Medical Center; Twitter: @RushMedical

2. Choose healthy fats. “Not all fat is off-limits — just choose unsaturated fats and avoid saturated and trans fats as part of your colon cancer diet. The American Heart Association states that polyunsaturated fats can help lower blood cholesterol levels and improve cell health. Include good sources of omega-3 fatty acids, such as wild salmon, milled flaxseed, walnuts, and plant-based oils, such as olive and canola, in your daily diet. Research published in the December 2013 issue of the Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology noted that while unhealthy saturated fats, typically found in animal foods like red meat and butter, have been linked to an increased risk of colon cancer, eating omega-3 fatty acid-rich fish can decrease colon cancer risk by 12 percent.” – Diana Rodriguez, Reviewed by Farrokh Sohrabi, MD, 8 Diet Tips to Help Prevent Colon Cancer, Everyday Health; Twitter: @EverydayHealth

"We need both soluble and insoluble fibre for colon cleansing every day. " - Ken Babal, CN

3. Increase your fiber intake.Plant-based diets containing generous amounts of vegetables, fruits, beans, seeds, nuts and whole grains are high in fibre, which is the essential, non-digestible component of food. A high-fibre diet supports a healthy digestive tract by sweeping debris from the colon, much like a broom. Fibre exercises the intestinal tract by stimulating peristalsis, the wave-like muscular contractions of the bowel that decrease bowel transit time. Fibre also holds moisture in the colon, softening the stool.

“We need both soluble and insoluble fibre for colon cleansing every day. Soluble fibre dissolves in water whereas insoluble does not. Insoluble fibre is especially good for improving elimination and preventing constipation. Soluble fibre increases beneficial bacteria, which produce natural antibiotics that eliminate potentially harmful bacteria such as Salmonella, Campylobacter and E. coli. Researchers believe adequate and consistent levels of healthy intestinal flora can also help prevent colon cancer. Soluble fibre is also important for binding cholesterol and aiding its passage through the body.” – Ken Babal, CN, The Best Colon-Cleansing Diet, Alive; Twitter: @aliveHealth

4. Get more exercise. “When you’re trying to keep your colon healthy, exercise is a huge part of the equation. By increasing blood flow and circulation through exercise, your colon (and entire gastrointestinal system) gets more oxygen. This may help ward off colon cancer and other diseases. Your fitness routine doesn’t need to be extreme. Stretching, doing yoga or walking for 10-15 minutes a day is sufficient to help keep your colon healthy.” – Aislinn Vaughan & Philip Knox, 7 Ways to Maintain a Healthy Colon, Gaiam; Twitter: @Gaiam

"If you are not eliminating frequently enough, toxins will be accumulating in your colon and also throughout your entire body...right down to each individual cell." - Nancy Sphar and Donna Gates

5. Pay attention to your stool. “Bowel movements should occur at least once per day and ideally after each complete meal. If you are not eliminating frequently enough, toxins will be accumulating in your colon and also throughout your entire body…right down to each individual cell. Your entire body will look and feel toxic!” – Nancy Sphar, as quoted by Donna Gates, Powerful Tips to Improve Your Digestive System’s Health: From a Conversation with Nancy Spahr, CBE & Colon Therapist, Body Ecology; Twitter: @DonnamGates

6. Drink plenty of water. “Fill up your glass water bottle and get sipping! Frequently, increasing eliminations can happen simply by drinking more water throughout the day. 8-10 glasses of distilled or filtered water can aid in wonderful hydration, better brain function and immediate bowel improvement.” – Eileen Fedyna, Everybody Poops! 7 Ways To Have Great Bowel Movements, Mind Body Green; Twitter: @MindBodyGreen

"One of the best things a person can do to improve colon health is eat well. " - Casey Beeghly

7. Focus on consuming fresh fruits and vegetables while limiting processed foods across all food groups. “One of the best things a person can do to improve colon health is eat well. Eating healthy means having a balanced diet. One way to do this to focus on lots of fruits and veggies, freshly prepared meals and limiting processed foods.” – Casey Beeghly, Clinical Dietitian, Sentara Leigh Hospital, Top eating tips for optimal colon health, Sentara; Twitter: @SentaraHealth

8. Aim for a primarily plant-based diet. “Beyond just fruits and veggies, a plant-based diet, which includes whole grains, nuts, seeds, beans, legumes, may offer additional protection.  A new study, shows that vegetarians had about 22% less risk of developing colorectal cancer, while plant-based eaters who included fish & seafood once a month and had the biggest risk reduction at 43%.  These Pesco-vegetarians also limited meat consumption to once per month, another important colorectal cancer preventive strategy.  Red meat intake has long been associated with increased risk for developing this type of cancer.Whether it’s the fiber, folate or phytonutrients in plants that help to lower colorectal cancer risk, the take home message is that delicious, meatless meals may help.” – Stacy Kennedy, MPH, RD, CSO, LDN; Reboot Nutritionist, 6 Eating & Juicing Tips For A Healthy Colon, Reboot with Joe; Twitter: @RebootWithJoe

"Colon screenings can often find growths called polyps that can be removed before they turn into cancer." - Stacy Simon

9. Get screened for colon cancer. “Screenings are tests that look for cancer before signs and symptoms develop. Colon screenings can often find growths called polyps that can be removed before they turn into cancer. These tests also can find colon cancer earlier, when treatments are more likely to be successful. The American Cancer Society recommends testing starting at age 50 for most people; talk to your doctor about when you should start and which tests might be right for you.” – Stacy Simon, Six Ways to Lower Your Risk for Colon Cancer, American Cancer Society; Twitter: @AmericanCancer

10. Maintain a healthy weight. “Except for smoking, nothing else raises the overall risk of cancer more than being overweight. At least 11 different cancers have been linked to weight gain and obesity, including colon cancer. An ideal goal is to weigh around what you did when you were 18 years old. Realistically, if you’ve put on weight, the first goal is to stop gaining weight, which has health benefits by itself. Then, for a bigger health boost, slowly work to lose some pounds.” – 8 Ways to Prevent Colon Cancer, Siteman Cancer Center; Twitter: @SitemanCenter

"Calcium is proven to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer." - Colon-Cleanse-Information.com

11. Get enough calcium. “Calcium is proven to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Calcium can be found in a wide variety of foods including dark green vegetables, low-fat dairy products, canned salmon and sardines, soy and tofu products, and fortified products such as orange juice. Almonds, cottage cheese, and yogurt make healthy high calcium snacks. Calcium supplements may also be needed to reach your daily intake level.” – Healthy Colon Diet: Foods That Keep Your Colon Clean, Colon-Cleanse-Information.com

12. Talk to your doctor if you experience frequent constipation. “Unfortunately too common of a problem among the population today is constipation. People are consuming less nutritious foods, are over stimulated and stressed, are not maintaining healthy exercise habits and are damaging their entire bodies with highly processed, chemical ridden food from man rather than nature.

“Understanding if you have chronic constipation and addressing the concern with your doctor can save you from suffering from a condition or allowing a disease to progress. Individuals over 50 years of age are at increased risk of Crohn’s disease, bowel polyps and ulcerative colitis and are recommended for medical screening.” – Dr. David Jockers, 16 Ways to Achieve Healthy Poop!, DrJockers.com; Twitter: @drjockers5

"Too many carbohydrates may make you constipated." - Dr. Jacqueline Wolf

13. Identify underlying contributors to digestive issues. “Dr. Wolf recommends taking an in-depth look at what you’re eating to see if you’re consuming potential offenders. ‘Too many carbohydrates may make you constipated. Artificial sweeteners such as sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol are big offenders for diarrhea and bloating,’ she explains. Dietary supplements such as calcium and iron can also make you constipated.

“Sometimes the culprit may be a physical intolerance. People who are lactose intolerant don’t have the enzyme to break down milk sugar (lactose). Some people are unable to digest casein, a protein in milk. People with celiac disease (a toxic body response to the protein gluten, found in grains such as wheat, barley, and rye) or a gluten sensitivity often struggle with bloating and diarrhea.

“Medications may also cause digestion problems. They may be common over-the-counter medicines, such as the pain reliever ibuprofen (Advil) or the heartburn reliever omeprazole (Prilosec), or they may be prescription medicines such as antibiotics or even chemotherapy drugs.” – Editors at Harvard Health Letter, quoting Dr. Jacqueline Wolf, associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, Rethinking fiber and hydration can lead to better colon health, Harvard Health Publications; Twitter: @HarvardHealth

14. Take an occasional aspirin. “Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, are thought to cut colorectal cancer risk. But routine use can cause serious problems, such as gastrointestinal bleeding.

“People with high heart-attack risk can take a baby aspirin every day, but at the higher doses of aspirin that could help prevent colorectal cancer, the risks appear to outweigh the benefits.

“Still, Dr. Neugut says, if you’re taking aspirin to prevent coronary artery disease, you could get a bonus in colon-cancer prevention. Only a very high colon-cancer risk might warrant NSAIDs for cancer prevention, he says.” – Anne Harding (sharing insights from Alfred Neugut, MD, professor of medicine and epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center, in New York City), The 12 Best Ways to Prevent Colorectal Cancer, Health.com; Twitter: @goodhealth

"Burning or overly charring your meats while barbecuing creates carcinogens which are harmful to your colon health." - Gastroenterology Institute of Southern California

15. Prepare your foods in a safe manner. “Eating healthy isn’t enough, it is important that you prepare all of your food in a safe way. Burning or overly charring your meats while barbecuing creates carcinogens which are harmful to your colon health.” – 6 Essential Dietary Tips for a Healthy Colon, Gastroenterology Institute of Southern California; Twitter: @Gi_Doctor

16. Consume fermented foods and probiotics. “The human digestive system is composed of a vast network of beneficial bacteria that are responsible for digesting food, absorbing nutrients, battling harmful bacteria, and eliminating toxins. When these bacteria get thrown out of balance, digestive health can suffer and the longer this bacterial balance is out of whack, the more severe the damage that can be.

“To help offset the damage to your gut flora caused by environmental and food chemicals, antibiotic drugs, processed foods, and other factors, it is important to supplement with probiotic bacteria and eat plenty of fermented, probiotic-rich foods. These include cultured vegetables like kimchi, tempeh, Greek yogurt, sauerkraut and fermented beverages like kombucha tea and kefir.” Detox the Body and Cleanse the Colon with These 13 Foods, The Science of Eating; Twitter: @Xceller8ed

"Drink at least ½ your body weight in ounces in pure water each day. " - Ginny Rawls

17. Avoid caffeine. “Drink at least ½ your body weight in ounces in pure water each day. If urine is still dark in color increase this amount further. Caffeine & other substances found in soft drinks, tea, & coffee are dehydrating so these should be avoided. If you choose to drink these add an additional equal amount of pure water for what is consumed.” – Ginny Rawls, Lifestyle Tips to Aid Colon Health, Abundant Living Lifestyle Center: @rawchefrawls

18. Get your daily dose of Vitamin D. “According to the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vitamin D can help maintain a healthy colon and even lower your risk of colon cancer. You can get a sufficient dose of daily vitamin D by spending 15-20 minutes in the sun. If that isn’t a viable option, you can also get vitamin D from:

  • Fatty fish
  • Bread
  • Cereal
  • Milk
  • Vitamin D supplements

“This type of vitamin can also help prevent osteoporosis by keeping the bones healthier.” – 8 Steps to a Healthier Colon – Detox Your Colon, Accord Clinical Research

"If you are looking for colon cleansing, then it is important for you to stay away from processed foods and cooked foods for two days. " - MyHealthTips.in

19. Try a safe, natural colon cleanse. “If you are looking for colon cleansing, then it is important for you to stay away from processed foods and cooked foods for two days. It is ideal for you to only depend on fresh vegetable juice for a day or two to improve bowel movement and also to cleanse the colon.

  • Switch over to a fresh vegetable juice diet for a couple of days if you are looking to cleanse your colon.
  • Drink fresh vegetable juice several times a day as it contains vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids and sugar that will help in improving bowel movement and to keep your body healthy.
  • Make sure that you only consume freshly prepared vegetable juices.” – sharib, Top 10 Home Remedies For Colon Cleansing, MyHealthTips.in; Twitter: @MyHealthTips_in


20. Drink an apple cider vinegar cleanse to promote probiotic growth. “Apple cider vinegar is full of enzymes that promote probiotic growth. A study from the University of Kaiserslautern in Germany published in a 2008 article in Nutrition concluded that apple pectin and other apple extracts can stimulate the formation of butyrate, which is a nutrient linked to colon health. And Dr. Frank Lipman touted apple cider vinegar as having an impressive ability to improve digestion and ease gastrointestinal issues. Try mixing eight  ounces of warm water with two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar and two tablespoons of organic honey. After shaking and stirring, drink the concoction every morning until you notice regular bowel movements.” – Alexa Erickson, 8 Ways to Naturally Give Yourself a Colon Cleanse, Collective Evolution; Twitter: @CollectiveEvol

"Nutritional needs are specific to the individual and differ with disease state, body size and age." - USF Medical Center

21. If you have an inflammatory bowel disease, consult a nutritionist for targeted dietary guidance. “Nutritional needs are specific to the individual and differ with disease state, body size and age. A nutritionist can help you estimate your individual needs. Calorie and protein needs are similar for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. In both diseases, needs increase during inflammation and immediately after to restore losses.” – Nutrition Tips for Inflammatory Bowel Disease, USF Medical Center; Twitter: @UCSFHospitals

22. Find a good source of soluble fiber. “A good source of soluble fiber to compensate for all of the fibreless processed foods, meat, and dairy that we eat is recommended. The three best sources of fiber are psyllium seed husks, freshly ground organic flaxseed meal (It should be freshly ground, or at the very least stabilized, so that it does not go rancid), and white chia seeds. One tablespoon of psyllium each day or 1.5 tablespoons of ground flax in the morning and evening with juice or 1-2 tablespoons of white chia seeds sprinkled on your food will keep you regular. Flax and chia also provide you with healthy omega-3 essential oils. And with flax, the sulfur-rich proteins and lignans present in the seeds work hand in hand with the omega-3 oils to reverse mutated cells and cancer in the body. But again, psyllium has the advantage of not fermenting in the colon.” – Jon Barron, Colon Cleanse: Death Begins In The Colon, Baseline of Health Foundation; Twitter: @BaselineHealth

"Create a meal plan that helps you avoid grabbing a burger on the run or ordering a pizza." - Virtual Imaging, Inc.

23. Create meal plans to avoid eating processed foods, particularly during busy times. “Create a meal plan that helps you avoid grabbing a burger on the run or ordering a pizza. Decide what you will eat each day of the week then purchase the ingredients you will need to prepare fresh and nutritious meals.” – How to Keep Up With Colon Health During the Holidays, Virtual Imaging, Inc.; Twitter: @VImagingAtlanta

24. Reduce your alcohol consumption. “When it comes to cancer prevention, less (alcohol) is more. Alcohol use is a known risk factor for colorectal cancer – among other cancers – with risk increasing as alcohol intake increases. If you choose to drink, try limiting your intake to no more than one drink daily.” – Tamara Duker Freuman, 10 Ways to Help Reduce Your Risk of Colon Cancer, U.S. News Health; Twitter: @tamaraduker

"From housecleaning to running, the latest report finds that moderate physical activity – of all types – reduces the risk of colon cancer." - American Institute for Cancer Research

25. Fit more physical activity into your daily routine. “From housecleaning to running, the latest report finds that moderate physical activity – of all types – reduces the risk of colon cancer. (There was insufficient evidence to make a similar conclusion regarding rectal cancer.)

“Starting Step: Find 10 minutes today to move. Whether taking a break at work or while watching TV, you can jog in place, walk the stairs, do push-ups or chair exercises. Build on that over time by taking more activity breaks or extending the 10 minutes to 30 minutes.” – Preventing Colon Cancer: Six Steps to Reduce Your Risk, American Institute for Cancer Research; Twitter: @aicrtweets

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What is Colon Health?

A Definition of Colon Health

A part of the large intestine, and sometimes referred to as the large intestine, the colon is the final area of the digestive system. The colon contains four parts:

  • the descending colon
  • the ascending colon
  • the transverse colon
  • the sigmoid colon

The descending colon travels down the left abdomen, the what is colon health?ascending colon travels up the right side of the abdomen, the transverse colon runs across the abdomen, and the sigmoid colon is the short curve of the colon that sits just above the rectum.

The colon’s purpose is to prepare for eliminating waste from the body while reabsorbing fluids. Specifically, the colon removes water and salt and some nutrients that eventually form stool. The muscles lining the colon squeeze its contents through, and the colon’s coating of billions of bacteria help keep the body healthy.

Colon health is adversely affected by age, family history, unhealthy diet, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and obesity. There are several conditions that cause the colon to work improperly including inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, diverticulitis, irritable bowel syndrome, and colorectal cancer. Treatment for many colon-related conditions include medication, surgery, and diet and lifestyle changes.

The Connection Between Diet and Colon Health

There is a strong connection between diet and colon health. Dr. Joshua Melson, a gastroenterologist who specializes in colorectal cancer at Rush University Medical Center, explains there also is a strong correlation between obesity and an increased risk of developing colon cancer. Similarly, the National Cancer Institute highlights the connection between obesity and increased colon cancer risk and points to factors such as increased levels of insulin in the blood and insulin resistance as the reasons for the increased risk in obese people.

Additionally, the American Cancer Society claims the links between diet, exercise, and weight and colorectal cancer are among the strongest for any type of cancer, and the Colon Cancer Foundation estimates that 50%-75% of colorectal cancer can be prevented with lifestyle changes and healthy eating. In short, nutrition plays a powerful role in colon health.

Foods that Promote a Healthy Colon

Your diet plays a key role in your colon health and can reduce your risk of developing gastrointestinal disorders like constipation, diverticulosis, and colon cancer. There are a few diet dos to improve colon health:

  • Fruits and vegetables – Fruits and vegetables contain fiber that helps the colon’s contents diet and colon healthmove through. The fiber in fruits and vegetables also helps people have regular bowel movements and avoid constipation. Nutrients found in fruits and vegetables reduce inflammation and act as antioxidants that remove harmful substances from the colon and the body as a whole. One study found that fruits and vegetables also contain folate, a B-complex vitamin that may lower colon cancer risk
  • Whole grains – Whole grains also contain dietary fiber that reduce constipation
  • Fish – Studies are finding that consuming fish reduces the risk of colon cancer, especially when you substitute fish for red meats
  • Dairy products – Dairy products may reduce the risk of colon cancer and gastrointestinal problems; active bacteria in yogurt aid in maintaining colon and gastrointestinal health by balancing good bacteria that help digest food with bad bacteria that are toxic. Specifically, the lactobacteria and acidophilus found in yogurt combat colon cancer, and calcium in milk also may reduce colon cancer risk
  • Water – Drinking plenty of water improves colon health by making the colon work to absorb it into the system. Water also aids the colon by hydrating it and cleansing the entire body

The Benefits of Probiotics for Colon Health

Probiotics and other vitamin supplements promote colon health by delivering beneficial bacteria and nutrients to the gut that provide key support for overall digestive health. The bacteria help the body produce vitamin B12. Yogurt, soy beverages, and fermented foods like miso and kimchi also contain probiotics.

If you supplement your diet with probiotics, you should strive to take those containing 10 billion live bacteria per dose. It’s especially important to take probiotics when you are taking antibiotics because antibiotics kill not just the bad bacteria that cause illnesses but also the beneficial bacteria in your gut that improve immune function and digestive and colon health.

Images via Pixabay by Elionas2 and dbreen

Does Cold Weather Weaken Your Immune System?

Your mother may have told you that you’ll catch your death of cold, but it was only recently that scientists were able to prove that cold weather does indeed make people sick. Yale University scientists found that lower temperatures weaken the nose’s first line of immune defenses.

The researchers discovered that cooler temperatures result in a “sluggish immune response” and leave people more susceptible to infection. The immune cells’ response was weaker under cold conditions, which enabled the rhinovirus to invade and multiply.

Later research by the Yale team found that in colder temperatures, immune cells were less likely to commit intentional suicide, or apoptosis, to prevent the spread of the virus to other cells. Under warmer conditions, cells sacrifice themselves via apoptosis to protect the body; however, colder temperatures slow down the infected cell’s ability to commit suicide. As we breathe in cold air, the temperature inside our nose drops and leaves immune cells at a disadvantage in protecting us from invading viruses and other pathogens.

Cold Weather and Immune Health: Getting to the Bottom of an Old Wives’ Tale

The idea that cold weather can make you sick (or weaken your immune system) has long been considered an Old Wives’ Tale, yet for centuries it’s been obvious that there’s an increase in colds, viruses, and other illnesses during the winter months. In fact, “flu season” in the United States begins as early as October and can end as late as May, a time frame in perfect sync with cooler temperatures throughout most of the U.S. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), flu season is the period when flu viruses circulate at higher levels (get expert flu prevention tips).

While it would be easy to link cold weather with illness and place blame squarely on winter for a nasty bout of the flu, it’s not actually cold air that makes you sick. Germs are what make you sick; it just so happens that “cold air may contribute to conditions that lead to illness,” Healthline explains. There are a few things going on behind the scenes that contribute to this phenomenon.

Lack of Vitamin D Suppresses the Immune System During Cold Weather

does cold lower your immune health?

During cold weather, people tend to stay inside more often. This means that people are not being exposed to as much sunlight, and a lack of vitamin D leads to a weakened immune system. Scientists know that vitamin D is critical to immune defense activation. When we get sufficient levels of vitamin D, our immune system’s killer cells, or T-cells, can react to invaders and protect us from serious infections.

In fact, T-cells first seek out vitamin D in order to activate; when a T-cell activates, it becomes a ruthless immune cell that seeks out and destroys every trace of a foreign pathogen. Researchers at the University of Copenhagen discovered that if T-cells cannot find enough vitamin D, they fail to activate and leave us vulnerable to infections and diseases.

Facts about the Nose and the Immune System

The effects of cold temperatures on your nose also play a role in the increased incidence of colds and illnesses during the winter months. You may not have considered your nose as part of your immune system, but it plays a very important role in protecting you from illness. Your nose is one of the first lines of defense against sickness because it is lined with ciliar, or tiny hairs. The mucus (snot) inside the nose keeps it from drying out, but it also works with cilia to collect dust, bacteria, and other potential invaders.

Nasal mucus is made of water, proteins, antibodies, and salt and becomes yellow or green when the body fights an infection. Our noses run when the body produces more mucus to flush invaders out; the immune system turns your nose to a faucet in order to keep you healthy. But, the immune response of your nose is suppressed by cold weather.

How to Boost the Immune System During Cold Weather cold weather and your immune system

One of the best things people can do to keep their immune systems strong in cold weather is to wrap a scarf around their noses and moths. Keeping a higher temperature inside the nose enables the immune cells inside the nose to carry out apoptosis and protect the body from viruses. It’s also a good idea to eat well during the winter and include plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins in your diet. Make it a point to get fresh produce from the market even when you can’t grow your own garden because of the cold temperatures.

You also can boost your immune system in winter by taking probiotics. The good bacteria found in probiotics strengthens the immune system and helps defend against infection. In fact, a study found that people who took probiotics had approximately 40% fewer colds and gastrointestinal infections. Products containing Lactobacillus gasseri, Bifidobacterium bifidum, and Bifidobacterium longum are most effective at boosting the immune system and protecting against colds and infections.

Images via Pixabay by PublicDomainPictures and Ana_J

 


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How to Reduce Inflammation in the Body: 5 Steps to Better Health and Well-Being

Inflammation is linked to a multitude of chronic health conditions like heart disease and COPD, but absence of disease doesn’t mean you’re not suffering from inflammation. In fact, inflammation can trigger a variety of symptoms and conditions such as fatigue, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, weight gain, allergies, recurring infections, and more. If you’re experiencing these or other symptoms and suspect chronic inflammation, you don’t have to learn to live with your symptoms.

Here are 5 simple steps to help you reduce inflammation in your body and combat your symptoms:

  1. Identify allergens and sensitivities.
  2. Adopt an anti-inflammatory diet.
  3. Focus on gut health.
  4. Get adequate sleep.
  5. Eliminate toxins and chemicals from your home.

If you’re ready to eliminate your unpleasant symptoms by getting at what causes of inflammation in your body and reducing those triggers, here’s how to get started with each step. reducing inflammation in your body starts with identifying allergies

Step 1: Identify Allergies and Sensitivities

Allergies and sensitivities naturally evoke an inflammatory response as the body attempts to remove foreign substances it perceives as a threat, so it makes sense to eliminate allergies and sensitivities to reduce inflammation – but it’s easier said than done. You may not even be aware of the various things you might be sensitive to, especially if they don’t cause a full-blown allergic response. Having an allergy test can help to identify allergies and even some sensitivities, and an elimination diet can also be helpful in pinpointing specific issues.

Step 2: Adopt an Anti-Inflammatory Diet

According to Health.com, foods high in sugar (particularly refined sugar) and saturated fat can fuel inflammation in the body. Scott Zashin, MD, a clinical professor at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, tells Health.com that a diet high in sugar and saturated fat can lead to inflammatory overdrive, ultimately contributing to health issues such as joint pain, blood vessel damage, and fatigue.

It’s not just about eliminating inflammatory-promoting foods from your diet but also adding foods that can help fight inflammation, such as:

  • Fish containing omega-3 fatty acids, or fish oil supplements if you’re not a fan of seafood
  • Whole grains instead of refined grains – make sure whole grains are the first listed ingredient and that there are no added sugars
  • Dark, leafy greens rich in vitamin E, which can help to protect the body from inflammation-causing cytokines (think spinach, kale, broccoli, and collard greens)
  • Nuts such as almonds and walnuts, packed with inflammation-fighting vitamins, antioxidants, omega-3 fats, and other beneficial nutrients
  • Low-fat dairy for calcium and vitamin D
  • Colorful vegetables like peppers, tomatoes, and squash, packed with essential vitamins and nutrients

Anti-inflammatory foods with omega-3 fatty acids and essential nutrients reduce inflammation in our bodies

While this isn’t a complete list of foods that can help ward off inflammation, it’s a good starting point. Check out Dr. Andrew Weil’s articles on the anti-inflammatory diet and pyramid for more information on adopting an anti-inflammatory diet.

Step 3: Focus on Gut Health

Your GI tract, or your gut, is home to a sizeable portion of your body’s immune system. While researchers at Johns Hopkins and other leading institutions are still trying to determine precisely how the immune system and gut bacteria interact – and how this interaction changes in various disease processes – there’s a clear connection between gut health and immunity.

Because inflammation is an immune response, paying attention to gut health is one of the most effective ways to maintain the ideal balance, fueling your body’s immune system in order to fight disease without creating an over-reaction that leads to inflammation throughout the body. In addition to the other crucial steps for reducing inflammation in the body, taking probiotic supplements is a natural way to support immune health and digestive balance.

Step 4: Get Adequate Sleep

Believe it or not, it’s not always something that you’re exposed to or have ingested that contributes to inflammation in the body. A lack of sleep is one of the biggest contributors to inflammation. Medical Daily reports on a meta-analysis published in Biological Psychiatry which found that a chronic lack of sleep can contribute to a variety of chronic health conditions and even mental health issues ranging from arthritis to periodontis and cancer.

Editor Dr. John Krystal explains that both too much sleep and not enough has been linked to inflammation, which in turn can lead to depression as well as medical problems. “Getting less than, or more than, 7-8 hours of sleep per night has been shown to result in increased levels of inflammatory markers in the blood, like C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6),” Medical Daily explains. “These markers have been linked to chronic diseases like heart problems, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes, suggesting that poor sleep is a behavioral risk factor for inflammation, in line with high fat diets or sedentary lifestyles.”

The solution? Aim for the sweet spot of 7 to 8 hours of quality, uninterrupted sleep each night as often as possible. If you’re finding it difficult to get enough sleep, you might consider making some lifestyle changes or modifications to your routine for better health, both today and in the future.

Step 5: Eliminate Toxins and Chemicals from Your Home

Environmental toxins and irritants are seemingly everywhere you turn, and if you’re like most people, your home isn’t exactly a safe haven free of potential pollutants. Reliance on chemicals and commercial cleaning solutions makes us feel like our homes are clean, but use of these products can also introduce irritants into the home environment. Toxins, pollutants and irritants lead to inflammation in our body

While you can’t always avoid exposure to pollutants in your local community or the town in which you work (after all, you have to get to the office somehow), you can take steps to minimize the amount of potential toxins and irritants in the home. Keep dust under control with regular dusting, and use a vacuum with a HEPA filter to filter allergens and dust mites from the air. Filter your tap water and choose glass bottles and containers over plastic – and when you do need plastic, make sure it’s BPA-free. Choose environmentally-friendly or “green” cleaning products that don’t contain ammonia or chlorine, or better yet, turn to all-natural cleaning solutions.

When in doubt, natural, organic, and eco-friendly options are generally better for your health and don’t contain harmful chemicals or irritants, but not all natural products are created equal. Learn how to read labels to identify the best products for your health.

These steps are crucial for reducing inflammation in the body, but they’re not a once-and-done deal. The key to lifelong health and well-being is to consciously pursue a healthy lifestyle and continuously opt for healthy choices such as anti-inflammatory foods and eliminating refined sugars and saturated fats from your diet, taking steps to promote a healthy home environment free of pollutants and potentially toxic irritants, regularly getting ample, quality sleep, and taking steps to promote a healthy gut for optimal immune functioning.

Images via Pixabay by Mojpecattalin, and geralt

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Inflammation and the Immune System: 50 Guides, Articles, Videos, and Other Resources on How Inflammation Impacts Immune Health

Inflammation involves white blood cells and their substances protecting the body from infection and against invaders like bacteria and viruses. As such, inflammation is an immune system response that helps defend the body. But, when the immune system prompts inflammation to occur even though invaders are not putting the body at risk, the immune system attacks normal tissues as though they are infected or abnormal, and the person develops an autoimmune disease.

Diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gouty arthritis, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, muscular low back pain, and muscular neck pain are associated with unnecessary inflammation. Symptoms of inflammation commonly include redness, swollen areas that may be warm to the touch, joint pain, joint stiffness, and loss of joint function. Some people treat inflammation with anti-inflammatory drugs, but doctors do not always recommend treating inflammation because it may be a necessary immune response. That’s why it’s a good idea to check with your doctor and educate yourself about inflammation and the immune response before taking any medication.

To help you learn more about inflammation, it’s causes and its how it relates to the immune system, we have rounded up 50 resources from across the internet. Our resources are from trusted sources and leading publications and authorities on health and include tips for naturally reducing inflammation, knowing when inflammation is a concern, and understanding the connection between inflammation and the immune system. While we have listed our top 50 resources on inflammation and the immune system here in no particular order, we have grouped them by type and included a table of contents so you can easily get to the resources that are of most interest to you.

Jump to:

Guides and Tips

1. 10 Best Ways to Blast Inflammation from Your Body
@easyhealthdaily

10-best-ways-to-blast-inflammation-from-your-body

Easy Health Options is a leading health advisory service on natural healing therapies and nutrients. In her Easy Health Options guide, writer Margaret Cantwell explores how Dr. Mark Hyman, director of the Cleveland Clinic Center for Functional Medicine and author, explains the difficulty people have in dealing with autoimmune disease. One of the suggestions is to follow the paleo diet.

Three tips we like from 10 Best Ways to Blast Inflammation from Your Body:

  • Eat whole foods rather than those that are packaged and processed
  • Ensure your digestive tract functions properly to keep your immune system healthy
  • Take supplements such as vitamins C and D, fish oil, and probiotics to fight inflammation

2. 10 Things I Tell Anyone Who Wants to Fight Inflammation
@mindbodygreen

10-things-i-tell-anyone-who-wants-to-fight-inflammation

Mind Body Green is on a mission to revitalize the way people eat, move, and live. As registered dietitian and author Desiree Nielsen points out in her Mind Body Green guide on inflammation and the immune system, inflammation is a common problem for people today because of our unnatural diets. Nielsen also reminds us that inflammation is helpful when we need to heal, but it is harmful when it becomes a chronic condition.

Three tips we like from 10 Things I Tell Anyone Who Wants to Fight Inflammation:

  • Eliminate junk food, condiments, processed foods, and packaged foods that contain ingredients you would not cook with from your diet
  • A healthy gut with a health community of bacteria is key to keeping the immune system functioning properly and controlling inflammation properly
  • Choose whole grains and whole-grain pastas to avoid  grains that contain gluten and can cause inflammation

3. 12 Antioxidant-Rich Foods to Boost Your Immune System
@EcoWatch

12-antioxidantrich-foods-to-boost-your-immune-system

A leading environmental news site, EcoWatch drives fundamental change via online news. In 12 Antioxidant-Rich Foods to Boost Your Immune System, EcoWatch reminds us that inflammation may be controlled by boosting the immune system and eating antioxidants that protect us from free radicals and other hazards to our health.

Three tips we like from 12 Antioxidant-Rich Foods to Boost Your Immune System:

  • Beets and beetroot juice contain powerful antioxidants and are anti-inflammatory
  • Broccoli contains antioxidants because it is a source of kaempferol and isothiocyanates, which are anti-inflammatory phytonutrients
  • Garlic is powerful in combatting inflammation; one study found that garlic is 100 times more effective than two antibiotics at fighting bacteria that causes intestinal illnesses

4. 5 Natural Ways to Reduce Chronic Inflammation
@Kris_Carr

5-natural-ways-to-reduce-chronic-inflammation

New York Times best-selling author and wellness activist Kris Carr explains the role of diet in chronic inflammation and offers five tips for reducing it in this guide. Understanding that diet is key to improving immune responses is the first step toward reducing chronic inflammation and healing the body.

Three tips we like from 5 Natural Ways to Reduce Chronic Inflammation:

  • Strive to achieve a balanced life with plant-based food and less stress and fast food
  • Avoid a sedentary lifestyle to improve immunity and reduce inflammation
  • Focus on gut health and start by taking a daily probiotic

5. Boost Immunity & Reduce Inflammation with Mushrooms
@Care2Healthy

boost-immunity-and-reduce-inflammation-with-mushrooms

Care2 shares thousands of ways for readers to enhance their life, from food and recipes, to health and wellness, to pets. In his Care2 guide, Dr. Michael Greger explains why mushrooms should be part of your diet if you want to boost the immune system’s ability to fight infection and reduce chronic inflammation at the same time.

Three tips we like from Boost Immunity & Reduce Inflammation with Mushrooms:

  • Increase the amount of cooked mushrooms you eat to boost the amount of immunoglobulin A your body produces in its first line of defense against toxins, viruses, and bacteria
  • White button mushrooms were included in the study, and eating them once a day increased IgA secretion by 50%
  • It is better to eat cooked mushrooms for anti-inflammatory purposes

6. 9 Power Foods that Boost Immunity
@PreventionMag

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Prevention magazine offers expert tips on weight loss, fitness, health, nutrition, and more. In this guide, they share some of the best foods for boosting immunity naturally and reaping the benefits of their anti-inflammatory power at the same time.

Three tips we like from 9 Power Foods that Boost Immunity:

  • Yogurt containing live and active cultures boosts the immune system and includes probiotics to keep the GI tract healthy
  • Oats and barley contain beta-glucan, which has antimicrobial and antioxidant properties to improve immune response and wound healing
  • Salmon, mackerel, and herring contain omega-3 fats that  reduce inflammation to increase airflow and protect the lungs from colds and respiratory infections

7. 14 Foods that Fight Inflammation
@goodhealth

14-foods-that-fight-inflammation

Health.com helps readers life their best life by sharing the latest news and tips for fitness, food, beauty, and more. As their guide points out, inflammation is an important part of the immune response that helps us heal, but inflammation damages the body when it occurs unchecked as it does in people with rheumatoid arthritis. Because inflammation partly may be to blame for obesity, heart disease, and cancer, it’s important to know which foods to eat to reduce inflammation.

Three tips we like from 14 Foods that Fight Inflammation:

  • Fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines are high in omega-3 fatty acids that reduce inflammation; for people who do not like fish, taking fish-oil supplements is effective
  • Choose whole grains and foods that list whole grain as the first ingredient and do not contain added sugar
  • Spinach, kale, broccoli, and collard greens contain vitamin E that protects the body from cytokines that cause inflammation; they also contain phytochemical that help the immune system fight disease

8. 21 Foods That Will Reduce Pain, Inflammation and Boost Immunity More Effectively than Medication
@Prevent_Disease

21-foods-that-will-reduce-pain-inflammation-and-boost-immunity-more-effectively-than-medication

PreventDisease.com promotes strategies for preventing disease, advancing health, and improving people’s overall well-being. Mae Chan’s PreventDisease.com guide reminds readers that there are natural ways to combat inflammation and pain. She suggests several foods that pack the diet with nutrients to boost the immune system and reduce inflammation.

Three tips we like from 21 Foods That Will Reduce Pain, Inflammation and Boost Immunity More Effectively than Medication:

  • Acai juice reduce joint pain and improves antioxidant levels to improve health
  • Raw almonds and walnuts contain omega-3 fatty acids that counteract pain and inflammation
  • Celery and celery seeds reduce inflammation because they contain more than 20 anti-inflammatory compounds

Slide Decks and Infographics

9. The Crosstalk between Cancer Inflammation and Immunity: Exploring Cancer Immune Responses
@QIAGEN

the-crosstalk-between-cancer-inflammation-and-immunity-exploring-cancer-immune-responses

A leading provider of molecular sample to insight solutions, Qiagen presents Crosstalk between Cancer Inflammation and Immunity, part of a host defense webinar series. The SlideShare presents information on the mechanisms of anticancer immune responses and the effects of gut microbiota on cancer and drug effects.

Three facts we like from The Crosstalk between Cancer Inflammation and Immunity: Exploring Cancer Immune Responses:

  • Anticancer immune responses include “crosstalk between cancer cells and the cellular mediator of inflammation and immunity”
  • Gut microbiota spur immune responses against cancer
  • Tumors either are not inflamed (immunologically-ignorant tumors) or are T cell inflamed

10. Diseases of Immunity

diseases-of-immunity

From the Fatima College of Medicine Department of Pathology Dr. Roberto D. Padua presents the diseases of immunity in this robust SlideShare. Complete with charts, graphs, and definitions and descriptions, Diseases of Immunity takes an in-depth look at inflammation and the immune system from a medical provider’s standpoint.

Three facts we like from Diseases of Immunity:

  • Macrophages initiate inflammatory responses and have antiviral and anti-tumor characteristics
  • Cytokines activate inflammatory cells
  • Tissue injuries are caused by activation of inflammatory responses to healthy tissue

11. Inflammation Infographic
@ricochetscience

inflammation-infographic

Ricochet Science promotes science for everyone. Their infographic visualizes the ways in which inflammation affects the body and explores solutions for reducing inflammation. As the infographic shows, inflammation is a specific immune response that removes damaged tissue and foreign substances but problems occur when it becomes chronic.

Three facts we like from Inflammation Infographic:

  • Acute inflammation is caused by injuries and infections and lasts minutes to weeks
  • Chronic inflammation is caused by poor diet, lack of sleep, and an unhealthy lifestyle
  • Chronic inflammation is linked to cardiovascular disease, depression, and cancer

12. Anti-Inflammatory Diet
@PiedmontHealth

antiinflammatory-diet

Piedmont Healthcare is a nonprofit system of hospitals and offices in Georgia. Dedicated to patients and care, Piedmont shares information about controlling chronic inflammation in this infographic that highlights foods that help the body combat inflammation.

Three facts we like from Anti-Inflammatory Diet:

  • Tart cherry juice helps the body fight off inflammation
  • Blackberries and blueberries have anti-inflammatory properties
  • Good nutrition enhances the immune system and reduces inflammation

13. Inflammation, Pain, and Resolvins
@LucyIkkanda

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Freelance infographic designer Lucy Reading-Ikkanda has an interest in science that shines through her Inflammation, Pain, and Resolving for The Scientist. This infographic describes the basic processes involved in inflammation and its associated pain and explains how the body, medication, and certain foods reduce inflammation and pain.

Three facts we like from Inflammation, Pain, and Resolvins:

  • As a first-line of immune response, neutrophils engulf and kill invading microbes and release inflammatory cytokines to help heal the body
  • Aspirin can speed the process of reducing inflammation by converting omega-3 fatty aides into resolution mediators that block the production of additional inflammation
  • When resolving factors reduce pain signaled by nerve endings, they also reduce the level of cytokines and inflammation

14. Innate Immunity and Inflammation
@MDAndersonNews

innate-immunity-and-inflammation

MD Anderson Cancer Center is a leader in cancer care, cancer research, and the fight to end cancer. In this presentation on innate immunity and inflammation, Dr. Willem Overwijk provides a detailed look into the cells and processes involved in protecting the body.

Three key facts we like from Innate Immunity and Inflammation:

  • Because certain cells and molecules drive specific types of inflammation, innate immunity and inflammation are umbrella terms for a variety of responses to threats to the body
  • Inflammation and innate immunity work to provide a rapid response to tissue damage, limit spread of infection, spur adaptive immune response, and drive tissue repair
  • Innate immune molecules act as a complementary system by recognizing pathogens, antibodies, and lectins and causing inflammation

Videos

15. Inflammatory Response
@khanacademy

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Khan Academy shares lectures, course content, and resources to help bring education to anyone, anywhere, anytime. This Khan Academy video gives viewers a first-hand look into the immune system and its inflammatory response and helps us see exactly what happens when we get a cut.

Three facts we like from Inflammatory Response:

  • Symptoms of inflammatory response include redness, swelling, and the area feeling warm to the touch; in some cases, people experience pain
  • Inflammatory response is “the initial field of battle of our immune system”
  • Histamine is a main component of inflammatory response and serves as part of the first line of defense to protect the body from harmful bacteria and pathogens

16. The Inflammatory Response

the-inflammatory-response-video

A highly-detailed video, The Inflammatory Response clearly shows the process the body goes through to response to invading pathogens at an infection site. Though only four minutes in length, the video shares a great deal of information about the immune system protecting the body via inflammation.

Three facts we like from The Inflammatory Response:

  • The inflammatory response is non-specific, in that it attacks all foreign invaders in the body
  • Redness, swelling, and pus are part of the inflammatory response
  • Injured cells release distress signals that result in increased blood flow to the site of infection that help the body heal itself and cause the redness and selling associated with inflammation

17. 11 Ways to Reduce Inflammation, Improve Your Immunity and Cleanse Your Lymphatic System
@FitLifeTV

11-ways-to-reduce-inflammation-improve-your-immunity-and-cleanse-your-lymphatic-system

FitLife.TV offers resources and help for people looking to improve their health and wellness and have fun while doing it. Their video on inflammation, immunity, and the lymphatic system explains that we have toxins in our body that build up when we don’t get enough exercise or cleanse the body to release the toxins, which results in a weak immune system, inflammation, illness, and disease.

Three tips we like from 11 Ways to Reduce Inflammation, Improve Your Immunity and Cleanse Your Lymphatic System:

  • Drink water, apple cider vinegar, and lemon in the morning
  • Avoid sugar, caffeine, refined sugars, and replace them with healthy fats, fruits, and vegetables
  • Test for food sensitivities and allergies to recognize how you are impacted by what you eat

18. Inflammation and the 3 Stages of Tissue Healing

inflammation-and-the-3-stages-of-tissue-healing

Regenerative Health Education releases health videos to help viewers understand more about their bodies and how to get healthy. One of their videos, Inflammation and the 3 Stages of Tissue Healing, highlights key information about inflammation in joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and explains that inflammation begins as soon as an injury occurs to protect the body from the most dangerous effects of the injury.

Three facts we like from Inflammation and the 3 Stages of Tissue Healing:

  • All musculoskeletal injuries undergo three stages of healing: inflammation, repair, and remodeling
  • Inflammation results in swelling, redness, and pain for three to five days and causes pain
  • Supplements can aid the body during the repair process by supplying nutrients the body needs to heal and maintain healthy inflammation levels

19. Inflammation and Immunity
@elita_parto

inflammation-and-immunity

Elita Partosoedarso, educator and life-long learner, shares her lecture on inflammation and immunity in this YouTube video. Partosoedarso includes topics such as innate immunity, inflammatory response, pro-inflammatory chemicals, principles of wound healing, and chronic inflammatory response.

Three facts we like from Inflammation and Immunity:

  • The function of the immune system is to defend and protect the body, and it includes three lines of defense: the first line of defense with natural and physical barriers and normal gut flora, the second line of defense with inflammation, and the third line of defense with adaptive/acquired immunity
  • The inflammatory response is quick and most often localized with the goals of neutralizing and limiting the cause of tissue injury, to clean up damage caused by injury, and to heal the affected tissue
  • Cells such as lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils are involved in inflammation

20. Acute Inflammation (Innate Response)

acute-inflammation-innate-response

Created by a veterinarian student, Acute Inflammation (Innate Response) features an unconventional introduction yet contains thorough, informative content about the body’s response to injury via inflammation. Over the course of four minutes, the video describes how acute inflammation helps heal the body.

Three facts we like from Acute Inflammation (Innate Response):

  • Acute inflammation occurs before the body’s full-blown immune response in an effort to clear the body of the agent that caused the injury and protect from tissue damage
  • Actue inflammation occurs at the vascular and cellular stages
  • There are five classic signs of inflammation: redness, swelling, heat, pain, and loss of function

21. Inflammation
@johnbchiro

inflammation

Dr. John Bergman focuses on natural health alternatives and shares information on diabetes, high blood pressure, sciatica, depression, chiropractic techniques, arthritis, and much more. His inflammation video reminds us that while acute inflammation is a critical component of the immune system that protects from life-threatening bacteria and pathogens, chronic inflammation is a cause of disease and death.

Three facts we like from Inflammation:

  • Redness, swelling, and heat are necessary for healing, and people need to allow acute inflammation occur because it is  a sign of the body doing its job
  • People may be misdiagnosed with certain conditions if they have chronic inflammation that presents as other conditions
  • Healthy water, vegetables, and a healthy thyroid help the immune system to function properly and reduce chronic inflammation

22. How Inflammation is Measured | Immune System Hacks
@ThomasDeLauer

how-inflammation-is-measured-immune-system-hacks

Thomas DeLauer is a body and business coach who helps clients optimize their health and life. He shares How Inflammation is Measured, an educational video that helps viewers understand exactly how inflammation affects our bodies and the importance of knowing how much chronic inflammation they have.

Three facts we like from How Inflammation is Measured | Immune System Hacks:

  • Inflammation is much more than swelling and bloating
  • Excess proteins in the blood cause chronic inflammation
  • Ask your doctor for testing to determine inflammatory markers and discuss your level of chronic inflammation to know the dangers posed to your health by it

23. 5 Strategies to Heal Chronic Inflammation and Autoimmunity
@djockers5

5-strategies-to-heal-chronic-inflammation-and-autoimmuity

Dr. David Jockers specializes in maximized living via corrective care chiropractic, nutrition, exercise, and strength and conditioning. He shares five keys to healing autoimmunity and chronic inflammation in this ten-minute video, available on YouTube. The video especially is helpful for people dealing with autoimmune disease, allergies, asthma, Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, and other health concerns that are related to chronic inflammation.

Three facts we like from 5 Strategies to Heal Chronic Inflammation and Autoimmuity:

  • Heal your gut to prevent holes in its protective lining from allowing harmful substances to enter the bloodstream and throwing the immune system into overdrive and promoting chronic inflammation; try bone broth, probiotics, fermented foods, collagen protein, and good fiber sources to heal the gut
  • Eliminate food sensitivities such as gluten, dairy protein, eggs, potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers, eggplants, and nuts to reduce inflammation
  • Stabilize your blood sugar to reduce chronic stress and inflammation by eating good fats such as avocados, olive oil, organic chicken, grass-fed beef, and vegetables

24. Autoimmune Diet for Autoimmune Disease, Leaky Gut and Inflammation
@Just_In_Health

autoimmune-diet-for-autoimmune-disease-leaky-gut-and-inflammation

Dr. Justin Marchegiani, a holistic doctor, uses functional medicine, nutrition, and lifestyle to help patients tackle the underlying cause of disease. His inflammation video pinpoints an autoimmune diet as being a solution for people who have chronic inflammation or autoimmune disease.

Three facts we like from Autoimmune Diet for Autoimmune Disease, Leaky Gut and Inflammation:

  • An autoimmune diet is appropriate for people who don’t have autoimmune disease but want to take advantage of its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce the stress on their digestive system to promote healing
  • Most people are sick due to inflammation that is caused by stress, toxins, unstable blood sugar, gut or parasitic infections that create malabsorption, and food allergies
  • Medication that treats symptoms of inflammation is not recommended because people need to change their diet and lifestyle to address the causes of chronic inflammation

25. Stop Attacking Yourself: Autoimmunity and Inflammation
@DarouWellness

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Dr. Hilary Booth, of Darou Wellness integrative health center in Toronto, is a naturopathic doctor who focuses on digestion and autoimmune disease. In Stop Attacking Yourself: Autoimmunity and Inflammation, Dr. Booth shares five steps for reducing inflammation and eliminating symptoms such as fatigue, bloating, cold and flu, and headaches even if you don’t have autoimmune disease.

Three facts we like from Stop Attacking Yourself: Autoimmunity and Inflammation:

  • Chronic inflammation occurs because the immune system has gone into overdrive and produces far too many “immune soldiers”
  • 70% of our immune system starts in the gut, and gut health is key to controlling inflammation
  • Stress, certain medications, and certain food harm the gut lining and cause more inflammation; avoiding inflammatory foods and taking probiotics helps heal the gut

26. 10 Steps to Reverse Autoimmune Disease
@markhymanmd

10-steps-to-reverse-autoimmune-disease

Dr. Mark Hyman is a New York Times bestseller ten times over who is dedicated to transforming healthcare by tackling the causes of chronic illness through functional medicine. In 10 Steps to Reverse Autoimmune Disease, Dr. Hyman looks at the ways people can deal with chronic inflammation and autoimmune disease without taking anti-inflammatory drugs.

Three tips we like from 10 Steps to Reverse Autoimmune Disease:

  • More people have autoimmune disease today than cancer, diabetes, and heart disease combined
  • The drivers of autoimmune disease are toxins, microbes, allergens, poor diet, and stress
  • Ingredients for health include fresh, whole food, the right nutrients, the correct balance of hormones, movement, sleep, and rest; when people are out of balance, they develop chronic inflammation

Articles and Scholarly Papers

27. Inflammation and the Immune System
@AboutKidsHealth

inflammation-and-the-immune-system

AboutKidsHealth is a Canadian resource that provides families with reliable, up-to-date health information created in collaboration with experts from The Hospital for Sick Children. Their Inflammation and the Immune System article provides a thorough introduction to and overview of inflammation as an immune response to injuries and pathogens.

Three facts we like from Inflammation and the Immune System:

  • Inflammation and infection are two different things and should not be used interchangeably: infection is the invasion and multiplication of a pathogen in the body, an inflammation is the body’s response against infection
  • Under normal circumstances, inflammation disappears on its own after the body has been protected and the invader has been removed

28. The Inflammatory Response

the-inflammatory-response

Alan Kennedy researches the association between Mycobacterium avian subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) and Crohn’s Disease and writes about his findings and knowledge at The Crohnie. In this article, Kennedy describes the inflammatory response from beginning to end and explains how the immune system uses it to protect the body.

Three facts we like from The Inflammatory Response:

  • Phagocytes are immune cells that consume and destroy invading bacteria; they migrate to the site of invasion and produce more cytokines that actives even more immune cells
  • The primary effect of inflammation is for blood circulation to increase around an infected area so that blood vessels dilate to allow immune cells to pass to the infected area
  • A large supply of proteins fuel the immune response as well

29. How Does the Immune System Power Inflammation?
@mnt

how-does-the-immune-system-power-inflammation

Medical News Today shares the latest breaking health news along with information on a variety of health issues to help readers stay well. In How Does the Immune System Power Inflammation? MNT writer Grace Rattue reports on a study published in Nature detailing a key step in the immune system’s inflammation response.

Three facts we like from How Does the Immune System Power Inflammation?:

  • Neutrophils are the main cells that protect the body from bacterial infections, but they also have inflammation-producing properties that cause issues in heart disease and several autoimmune diseases
  • We now know that neutrophils attach to the blood vessel wall using membrane tethers much like slings
  • While inflammation is an important part of healing, it is undesired when people have certain diseases; understanding the new discovery about neutrophil adhesion may help researchers and doctors better understand autoimmune disease and chronic inflammation

30. Attack of the Immune System
@MensJournal

attack-of-the-immune-system

Sharing the best in men’s gear, adventure, travel, style, craft beer, and more, Men’s Journal is all about helping men learn how to live a more adventurous life. But, when active and healthy men don’t feel right, inflammation may be to blame, as Ethan Watters’ Men’s Journal article points out.

Three facts we like from Attack of the Immune System:

  • Short-term consequences of chronic inflammation include weight gain, fatigue, aches and pains, indigestion, and low-grade depression
  • Researchers refer to chronic inflammation as the “hidden disease” because there are no obvious symptoms or indicators of the condition
  • The best way to diagnose chronic inflammation is to have a test like an hsCRP test

31. Does Inflammation Cause Depression? Growing Evidence Suggests Immune System May be Behind Condition
@medicaldaily

does-inflammation-cause-depression-growing-evidence-suggests-immune-system-may-be-behind-condition

Medical Daily focuses on the health questions friends share with one another. Dana Dovey’s Medical Daily article explores the recent theory that the immune system is a cause of depression; specifically, people with high levels of inflammation suffer from an altered mood and that the inflammation causes depression rather than being a side effect of it.

Three facts we like from Does Inflammation Cause Depression? Growing Evidence Suggests Immune System May Be Behind Condition:

  • If inflammation is to blame for depression, it would give doctors new ways to treat patients who do not improve with antidepressants or therapy
  • In 2015, researchers found that people with clinical depression had a 30% increase in brain inflammation, or neuroinflammation
  • People on anti-inflammatory medication have surprisingly better levels of well-being and improved moods

32. The Body on Fire
@TuftsUniversity

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A student-centered research university, Tufts is committed to helping its students and faculty pursue bold ideas to innovate and become active citizens. Two members of the Tufts family who are making strides in understanding chronic inflammation, its effects on the body, and the role nutrition plays in squelching chronic inflammation are professor Joel Mason, director of the Vitamins and Carcinogenesis Laboratory, and professor José Ordovas, directoor of the Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory.

Three facts we like from The Body on Fire:

  • Inflammation is linked to many illnesses that occur in old age
  • Inflammation may be the link between weight gain and diabetes
  • Inflammation also may be the connection between obesity and cancer

33. Inflammation Triggers Unsustainable Immune Response to Chronic Viral Infection
@ScienceDaily

inflammation-triggers-unsustainable-immune-response-to-chronic-viral-infection

Science Daily delivers breaking news about the latest science, health, environment, and technology discoveries. One such piece of breaking news involves research that finds a new mechanism that explains the inadequate immune defense against chronic viral infection. The implications of the study relate to vaccines, as the results may present new opportunities for vaccine development.

Three facts we like from Inflammation Triggers Unsustainable Immune Response to Chronic Viral Infection:

  • Strong inflammatory reaction upon infection is behind the inadequate antibody response to chronic viral diseases
  • In some cases, B cells react too hastily to chronic infections and enable the virus to thrive rather than eliminating it
  • By helping improve the B cells’ reaction to chronic infections, researchers may unlock new vaccination strategies to combat them

34. Role of the Microbiota in Immunity and Inflammation
@CellCellPress

role-of-the-microbiota-in-immunity-and-inflammation

Cell is a journal that aims to publish the most exciting and provocative research in biology. Yasmine Belkaid and Timothy Hand’s paper on the role of the microbiota in immunity and inflammation examines how the microbiota of people in high-income countries may be the cause of the rise in autoimmune and inflammatory disorders.

Three facts we like from Role of the Microbiota in Immunity and Inflammation:

  • Healthy immune system microbiota aids in sparking inflammation and other protective responses to pathogens and invaders
  • Antibiotic overuse, diet changes, and the elimination of nematodes have resulted in individuals having an inadequate microbiota for balanced immune response in high-income countries
  • The immune system relies on a complex microbiota to effectively protect the body from pathogens

35. Adrenal Fatigue and Your Immune System
@fawnehansen

adrenal-fatigue-and-your-immune-system

A holistic wellness expert who specializes in chronic stress and adrenal fatigue treatment, Fawne Hansen explains how maintaining a balanced level of cortisol helps the immune system regulate itself and prevent chronic inflammation, regular infections, and autoimmune diseases or allergies. Adrenal fatigue is to blame for imbalanced cortisol levels.

Three facts we like from Adrenal Fatigue and Your Immune System:

  • The adrenal glands produce hormones, such as cortisol, that play a key role in regulating the immune system
  • One of cortisol’s functions is to reduce inflammation
  • Cortisol levels may be elevated for months or even years because of the nature of today’s modern stress: it does not disappear after a few hours

36. 13 Ways Inflammation Can Affect Your Health
@goodhealth

13-ways-inflammation-can-affect-your-health

Health.com continues to help readers live their best life now by sharing articles that relate to health and well-being. One such article, 13 Ways Inflammation Can Affect Your Health, provides a thorough overview of inflammation and more than a dozen ways that it impacts both short-term and long-term health.

Three facts we like from 13 Ways Inflammation Can Affect Your Health:

  • Temporary inflammation helps the body fight infection and often includes a fever, sort throat with swollen glands, swelling, redness, and warmth because the immune system sends white blood cells and nutrients to the affected areas
  • Inflammation also occurs in response to emotional stress, and people with chronic stress often also have chronic inflammation
  • Inflammation is detrimental to gut health and plays a role in inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease

37. Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms & Anti-Inflammatory Diet
@LiveScience

inflammation-causes-symptoms-and-antiinflammatory-diet

Live Science shares science news that covers health, the environment, animals, and more. In this article on inflammation, Live Science contributor Jessie Szalay provides a comprehensive look at the condition and the link between the immune system and inflammation.

Three facts we like from Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms & Anti-Inflammatory Diet:

  • Chronic inflammation also may be called persistent, low-grde inflammation and occurs when the body sends inflammatory responses to perceived threats that do not require inflammatory responses
  • Chronic inflammation plays a role in heart disease and often is due to poor diet
  • Chronic inflammation is associate with increased bone loss and lack of bone growth

38. What is the Relationship between the Immune System and Inflammation?
@wiseGEEK

what-is-the-relationship-between-the-immune-system-and-inflammation

wiseGEEK is on a mission to help people learn at least one interesting thing each day. Their article detailing the relationship between the immune system and inflammation includes several interesting facts about how these body processes protect us from harmful invaders. The problem is, when the immune system is unhealthy or inflammation occurs when it shouldn’t, people are at a greater risk of developing health issues.

Three facts we like from What is the Relationship between the Immune System and Inflammation?:

  • The immune system acts as the commander directing cells and fluid to the region of the body that is affected by harmful invaders
  • Temporary inflammation projects against infection and protects the body, but chronic inflammation puts the body at risk of autoimmune disease
  • Inflammation is necessary for protecting the body, but we need to take steps to ward off chronic inflammation because of its effects on the body

39. The Curious Relationship between Diseases and Immune Systems
@ResearchMedia

 

the-curious-relationship-between-diseases-and-immune-systems

With a focus on making research more personal to readers, Research Media and International Innovation present articles such as The Curious Relationship between Diseases and Immune Systems. This article features an interview with Dr. Tom Monie, who conducts research to better understand the immune system and how to control and treat diseases.

Three facts we like from The Curious Relationship between Diseases and Immune Systems:

  • The body uses proteins to defend against infection; if researchers get a better handle on the process, their findings could improve treatment options for inflammatory diseases
  • Researchers are working to identify the interactions that  occur between cascade recruitment domains in the protein structure
  • Researchers also are working to understand how to control signals to reduce inflammation and improve immune response

40. UltraWellness Lesson 2: Inflammation & Immune Balance
@markhymanmd

ultrawellness-lesson-2-inflammation-and-immune-balance

Dr. Mark Hyman strives to transform healthcare by addressing the root cause of chronic illness through functional medicine. His article on inflammation and immune balance explores the ways in which a blood test measuring hidden inflammation in the body can save your life.

Three facts we like from UltraWellness Lesson 2: Inflammation & Immune Balance:

  • A blood test, C-reactive protein, measures inflammation and helps doctors determine whether you are at risk of heart disease, cancer, obesity, and dementia or arthritis, autoimmune disease, allergies, and digestive disorders
  • Treating the symptoms of inflammation does not help improve health, but addressing causes of inflammation and achieving an anti-inflammatory lifestyle do
  • People can feel healthy but still have chronic inflammation

41. Can You Boost Your Immune System and Lower Inflammation at the Same Time?
@Selfhacked

can-you-boost-your-immune-system-and-lower-inflammation-at-the-same-time

Selfhacked.com shares information about innovative technologies that help people upgrade themselves to be healthier and perform better. Their Can You Boost Your Immune System and Lower Inflammation at the Same Time? is an article that explains how boosting the immune system can lead to increased inflammation but pursuing other kinds of immune boosters will reduce inflammation over time.

Three facts we like from Can You Boost Your Immune System and Lower Inflammation at the Same Time?:

  • Vitamin D boosts immunity and is much less inflammatory than other immune boosters
  • It is more complex to boost the immune system than you may think, but it is possible to boost immune response to infectious agents and lower base levels of cytokines
  • A 1:1 ratio of immune boosting and inflammation reducing does not exist

42. Nutrition, Inflammation, and Disease
@TodaysDietitian

nutrition-inflammation-and-disease

Today’s Dietitian is a premier independent trade publication and continuing education resource for registered dietitians and nutrition professionals. In this article for Today’s Dietitian that doubles as a continuing education course resource, Mary Franz provides a comprehensive overview of inflammation and explains that for thousands of years it has  signaled illness and injury but in more recent years has been identified as a cause of chronic illness.

Three facts we like from Nutrition, Inflammation, and Disease:

  • Dietary factors may contribute to or reduce inflammation
  • Chronic inflammation is a long-term response to exposure to environmental toxins, a microbial or viral infection, poor nutrition, stress, and the aging processes
  • The immune system must maintain balance in order to reduce chronic inflammation

43. The Role of Inflammation in the Healing Process
@KeithWassung

the-role-of-inflammation-in-the-healing-process

Keith Wassung is well-known  as an author and speake in health education and research. He researches, writes, and lectures about the scientific principles of chiropractic in articles such as The Role of Inflammation in the Healing Process. As Wassung points out, inflammation is critical to the human healing process as part of the immune response.

Three facts we like from The Role of Inflammation in the Healing Process:

  • The inflammatory response has three purposes: preceding the spread of damaging agents to nearby tissues, disposing of cell debris and pathogens, and setting the stage for the repair process
  • It may not be best to treat inflammation with steroids because of the side effect they have that alter the immune response
  • Chronic inflammation causes tissue damage and is accompanied by numerous attempts to heal and repair because the immune system is out of balance

44. Exercise and the Inflammation Process
@ideafit

exercise-and-the-inflammation-process

IDEA Health & Fitness Association is the world’s leading organization of fitness and wellness professionals who coach, train, and influence health-minded individuals and inspire fitness. Their article reminds readers that exercise boosts the immune system but also can produce inflammation.

Three facts we like from Exercise and the Inflammation Process:

  • For individuals with chronic inflammation, too much exercise is dangerous and can lead to injuries
  • It is important to modify exercise programs to reduce inflammation as needed
  • When inflammatory stressors become long-term and accumulate, people begin to have trouble because the immune system’s homeostasis is disrupted

45. Nature and Role of Inflammation – Benefits and Drawbacks

nature-and-role-of-inflammation-benefits-and-drawbacks

Established to promote the practice and training of Tibb in South Africa, the Ibn Sina Institute of Tibb presents Nature and Role of Inflammation – Benefits and Drawbacks by Dr. Linda Mayer and professor Rashid Bhikha. This paper details the role of inflammation in healing and the importance of allowing it to occur to help heal the body.

Three facts we like from Nature and Role of Inflammation – Benefits and Drawbacks:

  • Dietary fats and specific nutrient problems can result in chronic inflammation
  • Inflammation is responsible for keeping us alive when we get even a small cut
  • Interfering with acute inflammation negatively impacts the body’s ability to heal itself

46. Innate Immunity and Inflammation in Aging: A Key for Understanding Age-Realeated Diseases
@BioMedCentral

innate-immunity-and-inflammation-in-aging-a-key-for-understanding-agerelated-diseases

An open access publisher of science, medicine, and technology research, BioMed Central shares Innate Immunity and Inflammation in Aging. This paper explains that chronic inflammation damages organs and is linked to aging and age-related chronic diseases.

Three facts we like from Innate Immunity and Inflammation in Aging: A Key for Understanding Age-Related Diseases:

  • Alzheimer’s, atherosclerosis, diabetes, and cancer are linked to inflammation
  • Controlling inflammation may lead to more successful aging
  • The immune system works from the day we are born until the day we die, and it becomes weaker as we age, which may account for some age-related diseases

47. Cellular Inflammation: The Secret Killer

cellular-inflammation-the-secret-killer

The Inflammation Research Foundation is a non-profit foundation dedicated to providing support for clinical research projects that utilize innovative nutritional approaches to reducing the inflammation that causes chronic disease conditions. Their article explains that inflammation protects us from bacteria, viruses, and parasites but may also be responsible for a host of health issues.

Three facts we like from Cellular Inflammation: The Secret Killer:

  • Chronic inflammation can be due to a genetic predisposition
  • Researchers are working to determine if reducing chronic inflammation is better than treating each disease separately
  • Inflammation commonly is caused by a western lifestyle that includes a diet high in sugar and saturated fats and a lack of exercise

48. From Inflammation to Sickness and Depression: When the Immune System Subjugates the Brain
@NCBI

from-inflammation-to-sickness-and-depression-when-the-immune-system-subjugates-the-brain

NCBI provides access to biological information and advances science and health by doing so. In From Inflammation to Sickness and Depression: When the Immune System Subjugates the Brain, the authors explain that innate immune cells produce cytokines to trigger inflammation but the brain can get too much signaling if there is a systemic infection, cancer, or autoimmune disease and continue to promote inflammation.

Three facts we like from From Inflammation to Sickness and Depression: When the Immune System Subjugates the Brain:

  • Excessive inflammation worsens sickness and leads to the development of depression in some people
  • Inflammation may increase the risk of major depressive episodes
  • The brain-cytokine system guides physiological and pathological behavior, and people who have chronic inflammation experience depression more often than those who do not because of the imbalance in their immune system

49. Inflammatory and Immune Pathways in the Pathogenesis of Periodontal Disease
@NCBI

inflammatory-and-immune-pathways-in-the-pathogenesis-of-periodontal-disease

Inflammatory and Immune Pathways in the Pathogenesis of Periodontal Disease is a scholarly paper by Ali Cekici, Alpdogan Kantarci, Hatice Hasturk, and Thomas E. Van Dyke. Originally published in Periodontol 2000, this paper explains that innate and acquired immunity must be coordinated in order to return the body to homeostasis.

Three facts we like from Inflammatory and Immune Pathways in the Pathogenesis of Periodontal Disease:

  • When chronic inflammation occurs, the adaptive immune  response is activated with cellular and non-cellular mechanisms of acquired immunity
  • The immune system is responsible for resolving inflammation, healing, repairing, and regenerating lost or damaged tissues
  • Periodontal diseases are mediated by inflammatory response to bacteria

50. Signaling in Innate Immunity and Inflammation
@cshperspectives

signaling-in-innate-immunity-and-inflammation

Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology is a monthly online publication featuring reviews in all aspects of the molecular life sciences. Kim Newton and Vishva M. Dixit’s CSH Perspectives paper on innate immunity and inflammation examines whether chronic inflammation is a risk factor for cancer.

Three facts we like from Signaling in Innate Immunity and Inflammation:

  • Vascular alterations play a key role in the inflammatory response
  • Part of the immune response is signaling recognition of infection and injury to get cells where they are needed to fight invaders
  • It is possible that chronic inflammation promotes tumor development

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What Causes Inflammation in the Body?

Inflammation is a crucial component of the body’s immune response, and it’s typically characterized by the swelling and redness, as well as warmth, at the site of a wound or infection. While inflammation resulting from an obvious external wound is easy to identify, inflammation can also occur inside the body – and it’s not as easy to detect. There are many causes of inflammation in the body: what causes Inflammation in your body

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Certain foods and dietary habits
  • Hormonal changes, such as those associated with menopause
  • Allergies or sensitivities to certain foods or environmental factors
  • Environmental toxins, such as pollution and pesticides
  • Increased cortisol production associated with stress
  • Infections in the bloodstream, which may be subtle and otherwise unnoticed
  • Exposure to lead and mercury
  • Lack of sleep

Dietary factors are one of the biggest contributors to inflammation in the body. Specifically, certain dietary habits and some specific ingredients have been linked to inflammation:

  • Polyunsaturated vegetable oils like corn oil, peanut oil, soy oil, safflower and sunflower oils, which contain omega-6 fatty acids
  • Gluten (found in wheat, rye, and barley) and casein (found in whey protein products)
  • High-carbohydrate, low-protein diets
  • Refined sugars and carbohydrates – generally foods with a high glycemic index
  • Aspartame, an artificial sweetener
  • Saturated fats
  • Trans fats, commonly found in fast food
  • Mono-sodium glutamate (MSG), most often found in soy sauce and Asian foods
  • Alcohol

The Link Between Inflammation and Chronic Disease

While inflammation is sometimes painful, it’s not always accompanied by pain. The swelling associated with inflammation is a result of increased blood flow to the area, triggered by your immune system as your body sends white blood cells, nutrients, and hormones essential for healing.

Inflammation can result from a chronic condition, such as arthritis, or as a result of diet and lifestyle habits such as inadequate sleep or excessive alcohol consumption. But because inflammation within the body can be sneaky, manifesting in less-obvious ways, many people who have inflammation experience a variety of symptoms without realizing that they may be caused by a case of chronic inflammation.

It’s even trickier considering that inflammation is a necessary physiological response that helps your body heal and recover from illness or injury, yet excessive inflammation or chronic inflammation are detrimental to your health and well-being. Chronic inflammation is associated with several health conditions impacting various areas of the body:

  • The gut – Typically, the body’s immune cells ignore the healthy bacteria that naturally converge in the gut, but in some cases, immune cells begin reacting to healthy gut bacteria, leading to chronic inflammation. When immune cells begin to attack the digestive tract, it can lead to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis and Chron’s disease. Inflammation in the joints - arthritis
  • The joints – Rheumatoid arthitis (RA) is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis, impacting 1.3 million Americans. While there is no definitive cause, RA appears to have genetic components but has also been linked to smoking. In RA, the body’s immune cells attack healthy joint tissue, leading to chronic inflammation.
  • The heart – People with heart disease have a buildup of fatty plague in the arteries, which can trigger an immune response resulting in chronic inflammation. As white blood cells accumulate around plagues in the arteries, blood clots may form, leading to a heart attack.
  • The lungs – Inflammation is often the culprit behind some of the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), as inflammation in the lungs causes fluid buildup that in turn narrows the airways, making it more difficult to breathe.
  • The gums – Periodontal disease, commonly referred to as gum disease, although technically it includes any disease that impacts any of the teeth’s supporting tissues, has been associated with heart disease and other chronic diseases, although a causal relationship has not been established. Recent research indicates that the association between oral health and systemic disease is related to inflammation – in the most simplistic terms, that oral inflammation may trigger inflammatory responses in other areas of the body.

Inflammation and Insulin Resistance

Clearly, inflammation plays a role in many chronic health conditions and diseases, serving to help the body fend off invaders and disease but also contributing to a variety of unpleasant effects and long-term health impacts. One of the most concerning associations is the link between obesity and inflammation. In studies of obese mice, scientists noted a high concentration of immune cells in fat tissue. Inflammation linked to insulin resistance/diabetes

“Stranger still, the immune cells aren’t just watching; they’re activated, ready to take on an invader that isn’t there. Just as in humans, the obese mice with chronic inflammation were more likely to become insulin resistant,” explains DiabetesForecast.org. “Insulin resistance is a key component in the development of type 2 diabetes; if the body’s cells don’t respond to insulin by absorbing sugar, or glucose, from the blood, the consequences can be disastrous.” Of course, people with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of a variety of other health conditions, including high blood pressure, stroke, kidney disease, skin and eye complications, and more.

There’s still much research to be done, as scientists are just beginning to understand the full impacts of inflammation in the body and the intricate ways inflammation is associated with so many bodily systems, health conditions, and chronic disease. It’s clear, though, that chronic inflammation comes with some serious health concerns, and it’s wise to take steps to reduce your risk of developing chronic inflammation in the body. From taking a natural probiotic supplement to balance the healthy bacteria in your gut (where most of the body’s immune cells are found) to eating a healthy diet, minimizing alcohol consumption, and avoiding environmental toxins and pollutants, there are many lifestyle changes that can reduce inflammation.

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What are the Effects of Aging on Your Immune System? 50 Resources to Better Understand How the Immune System Changes As We Age

Your immune system plays a critical role in your health, as it protects you from infections and disease. Composed of specialized cells, proteins, tissue, and organs, the immune system works to protect us from invading microorganisms and germs each and every day. Several things can compromise or weaken your immune system, including stress, lack of sleep, being pessimistic, lack of exercise, and failing to wash your hands.

One question that doctors and scientists have been researching is whether your age diminishes the effectiveness of your immune system. While many recognize immunosenescence, or the  changes that occur in your immune system as you grow older, some new studies show that the immune system may not necessarily weaken as we age. If you are concerned about your immune response as you age, or if you want to learn more about how your immune system as you grow older, you will find helpful information and research in our following resources, which all are available free of charge.

We have rounded up 50 white papers, scholarly papers, videos, slideshows, multimedia resources, and articles that examine the effects of aging on your immune system; in addiction, some suggest ways to boost your immune system as you age. While we have listed our resources on the effects of aging on your immune system in no particular order, we have included a Table of Contents to help you navigate to the information that is of most interest to you.

Jump to:


White Papers and Scholarly Papers

1. Nutrition, Immunity, and Aging: Effects of Immune and Nutritional Compromise
@AOAforDOs

Nutrition, Immunity, and Aging: Effects of Immune and Nutritional Compromise

The American Osteopathic Association publishes AOA Health Watch, a continuing medical education publication that provides updates, treatment plans, and news on various health topics. In their May 2014 issue, the AOA shared information about the decline of immune system capabilities in aging individuals and the increased chances of acquiring infection and cancer.

Three key facts from Nutrition, Immunity, and Aging: Effects of Immune and Nutritional Compromise:

  • The nutritional compromise that is common in older adults with chronic medical problems directly contributes to immune compromise
  • Aging affects innate and adaptive immunity, which increases risk of infections, malignancy, and autoimmune disorders
  • Aging is characterized by an overall decline in T-cell function, and T-cell receptor diversity decreases dramatically after age 65, with significantly reduced function

2. Causes, Consequences, and Reversal of Immune System Aging
@jclinicalinvest

Causes, Consequences, and Reversal of Immune System Aging

The Journal of Clinical Investigation is a venue for discoveries in basic and clinical biomedical science that advance the practice of medicine. In their JCI paper, Encarnacion Montecino-Rodriguez, Beata Berent-Maoz, and Kenneth Dorshkind examine the effects of aging on the immune system and the ways in which elderly individuals’ immune systems do not respond to invaders as “robustly” as those of young individuals.

Three key facts from Causes, Consequences, and Reversal of Immune System Aging:

  • Older individuals are not immunodeficient, but they often do not respond as efficiently to antigens
  • People of advanced age do not fight off the flu as well as younger people and have a poor response to the flu vaccine
  • Aging also affects patterns of gene expression in mature B and T cells

3. How Aging Impairs Immune Response
@ScienceDaily

How Aging Impairs Immune Response

ScienceDaily shares breaking news about the latest discoveries in science, health, environment, and technology. This scholarly paper from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine at yeshiva University examines a study which found that aging may compromise the immune system’s ability to fight infections and respond to vaccines, but that antioxidants helps reverse the loss of immune function.

Three key facts from How Aging Impairs Immune Response:

  • Aging can worsen the body’s overall ability to create an effective immune response
  • When aging, people’s bodies create an increased production of free radicals that couple with cells’ decreased production of antioxidant enzymes, which results in a buildup of damaged proteins and other molecules that can be toxic to cells
  • Elderly people often respond poorly to vaccinations, so antioxidant therapy before vaccination may improve their immune response to vaccines

4. Innate Immunosenescence: Effect of Aging on Cells and Receptors of the Innate Immune System in Humans
@ResearchGate

Innate Immunosenescence: Effect of Aging on Cells and Receptors of the Innate Immune System in Humans

ResearchGate connects the world of science and makes research open to all. In this scholarly paper on the effects of aging on the immune system, the authors explain that researchers have found that the innate immunity of older people is negatively impacted by aging. One suggestion to remedy the weakened immune systems of older adults is to reactivate the function of innate immune cells to improve their response to pathogens and vaccinations.

Three key facts from Innate Immunosenescence: Effect of Aging on Cells and Receptors of the Innate Immune System in Humans:

  • Diseases associated with aging, such as infections, cancers, and neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases are attributed to a deteriorating immune system, or immunosenescence
  • Immunosenescence affects both adaptive immunity and innate immunity
  • The negative affects of aging on the immune system make elderly people more susceptible to infectious diseases and a decreased response to vaccination

5. T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function
@ICMRDELHI

T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function

Published online by the Indian Council of Medical Research, T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function provides an in-depth look at age-associated decline of the immune system as a major health concern. The paper explains there “is an increasing focus on the role of T cells during ageing because of their impact on the overall immune responses.”

Three key facts from T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function:

  • The effects of aging on the immune system include a decline in the production of fresh, naive T cells; more restricted T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire, and weak activation of T cells
  • There are some potential approaches to restore immunity in older adults via therapeutic interventions
  • The efficacy of the immune system decreases as we age

6. How Our Gut Changes Through Our Lifetimes, and How This Determines Our Overall Health
@ScienceDaily

How Our Gut Changes Through Our Lifetimes, and How This Determines Our Overall Health

This scholarly paper from the Norwich BioScience Institutes reports on a detailed study that looks into how your intestinal tract changes as you age. The study also considers how the aging intestinal tract determines our overall health. This information is important because “the gut plays a central role in programming our immune system and provides an effective barrier to bacteria that could make us ill. In particular, immune cells that line the gut work to maintain the integrity of the barrier, as well as maintaining a balance that provides a healthy environment for beneficial bacteria, but reacts to combat invasion by pathogenic microbes.”

Three key facts from How Our Gut Changes Through Our Lifetimes, and How This Determines Our Overall Health:

  • Changes to the gut barrier’s structure and function contribute to our immune system declining as we age and our increasing risk of infection and disease
  • The aging gut has an increase in an immune system regulator that triggers inflammation, and inflammation increases as we age, leading to bowel cancer, bowel disease, heart disease, diabetes, and depression
  • If gut bacteria are responsible for the changes in the gut’s barrier structure as we age, it may be possible to manage the changes and help keep older adults healthy with probiotics

7. Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
@NBU_Editor

Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

First published in Nutrition Bulletin, Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis is a scholarly paper that considers the fact that aging adults are more vulnerable to infections than younger adults, and they often have more severe and irregular episodes. Studies suggest that probiotics have a role in preventing infection in older adults.

Three key facts from Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis:

  • Older people are more susceptible to infections and often have more sever and unusual episodes because their immune systems are compromised
  • Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly
  • Older people who receive probiotic supplements for three months have a reduction in the average duration of an infection and a reduction in the frequency of common infectious diseases, especially upper airway infections

8. Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age
@RSocPublishing

Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age

The Royal Society Publishing is a publisher of the life and physical sciences and includes the oldest journal in the world. Their Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age showcases the immune system as a body system that matures and then declines as humans move through childhood and into adulthood and eventually into old age. The paper also highlights the fact that changes in the immune system occur as you age that impacts your risk of infection, autoimmune disease, and cancer.

Three key facts from Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age:

  • As we age, our immune systems change and decline, which allows for significant risks to our health and survival
  • Mortality rates of infections are three times higher among elderly patients than younger patients
  • The changing immune system of older adults leads to inflammation, which may be the cause of cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia

9. Vaccines for Aging Populations

Vaccines for Aging Populations

Dr. Margaret Liu’s paper on the effects of aging on your immune system explains why vaccines are important to older adults and provides a laundry list of vaccines that they should have. Because your immune system has decreased capacity and you have waning immunologic memory, older people may respond less well to immunizations than younger folks.

Three key facts from Vaccines for Aging Populations:

  • While adults have encountered pathogens and have developed immunity to them, older adults are susceptible to new diseases and exposure to new pathogens if they travel or have not encountered them before because of their compromised immune systems
  • Aging adults should stay up to date with vaccines because their immune systems are weaker and need to be stimulated so they are better protected from infection and disease


Videos, Slideshows, and Multimedia Resources

10. Aging of the Immune System – Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich
@senstweet

Aging of the Immune System - Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich

The SENS Foundation works to develop, promote, and ensure widespread access to rejuvenation biotechnologies which comprehensively address the disabilities and diseases of aging. They offer a video featuring University of Arizona’s Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich, who gives an overview of the immune system and the pathogens it protects us from. As Dr. Nikolich-Zugich explains, the immune system becomes less effective as we age, but there are some promising techniques for overcoming age-related immune decline.

Three key facts from Aging of the Immune System – Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich:

  • When we age, our immune system produce fewer naive lymphocytes
  • The aging of the immune system poses a challenge to longevity
  • As we age, our adaptive immunity declines and affects our B cells and T cells

11. Research Shorts: The Immune System and Aging
@unibirmingham

Research Shorts: The Immune System and Aging

The University of Birmingham is a leading global university that “makes important things happen.” Professor Janet Lord researches the immune system and the ways in which the aging process affects it. In this video, she explains how her research can be used to treat common age-related diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and cancer.

Three key facts from Research Shorts: The Immune System and Aging:

  • Several diseases are age related, so it’s important to understand the aging process
  • Older people are more susceptible to infections and diseases
  • As you get older, your neutrophils (white blood cells that are part of your immune system) don’t move correctly toward the infection

12. Fasting Triggers Immune System Regeneration
@geobeats_vds

Fasting Triggers Immune System Regeneration

This GeoBeats News video, available on YouTube, explores the work of researchers at the University of Southern California: they found that fasting triggers the creation of new white blood cells, which regenerates the immune system. The body also considers consuming things like glucose and fat and damaged immune cells when it does not have enough energy to run itself.

Three key facts from Fasting Triggers Immune System Regeneration:

  • When people resume eating, the body begins to make healthy, new immune cells
  • Fasting also decreases the body’s levels of IGF-1, a hormone that is linked to cancer, tumor growth, and aging
  • Chemotherapy damages the immune system, and the research on fasting has positive implications for cancer patients

13. Wednesday Workshop – Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One’s Immune System
@AlzCareResource

Wednesday Workshop - Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One's Immune System

Alzheimer’s Care Resource Center is a non-profit corporation that offers specialized programs and services for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, their caregivers, and their family members. Their video, Wednesday Workshop – Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One’s Immune System, focuses on boosting the otherwise weakened immune system of older adults and offers five preventative measures.

Three key facts from Wednesday Workshop – Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One’s Immune System:

  • Aging impacts the immune system and prevents it from operating at peak efficiency
  • Vaccines, especially those for influenza and pneumonia, help protect aging people from getting sick
  • Exercise, even in the form of a daily walk, stimulates the production of antibodies and white blood cells

14. Nutrition, Aging and a Healthy Immune System
@TuftsUniversity

Nutrition, Aging and a Healthy Immune System

Tufts University is recognized as a premier research university in the United States. In this slideshow on the connection between nutrition, aging, and the immune system, Simin Nikbin Meydalni, director of the Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts, shares dietary strategies for improving immune response and infection resistance in older adults.

Three key facts from Nutrition, Aging and a Healthy Immune System:

  • Older people have an impaired immune response, especially in the T cell-mediated function
  • Changes in gut microflora also impair the immune system when you age
  • Otherwise benign viruses become pathogenic in older adults who have a weakened immune system

15. How Does Aging Affect the Immune System?
@SharecareInc

How Does Aging Affect the Immune System?

A digital health company that offers tools to help you manage your health, Sharecare features answers from three medical doctors in this multimedia resource for learning more about the effects of aging on the immune system. All three doctors agree that our immune system becomes weaker as we grow older, which makes the elderly especially susceptible to infection and disease.

Three key facts from How Does Aging Affect the Immune System?:

  • As we grow older, our immune systems may allow abnormal cells to grow, or they may work too hard and attack normal tissue, as in autoimmune diseases
  • Aging, diet, stress, digestive health, and the liver’s efficacy in filtering toxins all affect the immune system
  • As we age, the thymus atrophies and produces fewer T cells to fight off infection


Articles and Reports

16. Effects of Aging on the Immune System
@MerckManualHome

Effects of Aging on the Immune System

Merck Manual Home is an online medical guide appropriate for the whole family. Dr. Peter J. Delves offers an overview of the immune system in addition to comparisons of the immune systems in newborns versus older people in this interactive article.

Three key facts from Effects of Aging on the Immune System:

  • As people age, the immune system becomes less capable of distinguishing healthy cells and tissues from foreign antigens, which makes autoimmune disorders more common in older individuals
  • Macrophages ingest bacteria and other foreign cells, but they do so more slowly in older people, which may be one reason that older people get cancer more often than younger people
  • As we grow older, our bodies produce smaller amounts of complement proteins in response to bacterial infections

17. Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?
@NIAGo4Life

Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?

The National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health offers some information on the biology of aging in their article, Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age? As the article explains, gerontologists are working to determine why the immune system changes as we age, and more research needs to be done to determine whether changing immune response in seniors would be advantageous.

Three key facts from Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?:

  • Researchers continue to work to determine whether immunosenescence is beneficial for aging adults
  • Stress, radiation, chemical exposure, and exposure to certain diseases speeds up the deterioration of the immune system
  • Ongoing research is being done to learn whether there is a way to reverse the decline of the immune system and/or boost immune protection in older adults

18. Lymphatic System and Aging
@TammyAAHF

Lymphatic System and Aging

Tammy Peterson and her company, the American Academy of Health and Fitness (AAHF) work to instill quality of life throughout the aging process. They provide education and resources to older individuals and their families, including this article on the lymphatic system and aging.

Three key facts from Lymphatic System and Aging:

  • As we age, our lymphatic system is less effective at protecting us against disease and infection
  • As we age, our T cells become less responsive and fewer respond to infection or an invasion by pathogens
  • The antibody levels in older individuals do not rise as quickly after an infection developers, which makes them more vulnerable to viral and bacterial infections

19. Immune Function in Older Adults
@UpToDate

Immune Function in Older Adults

UpToDate is an evidence-based clinical decision support system authored by physicians to help clinicians make the best decisions at the point of care. They offer a free preview of a report on immune function in older adults reminds us that the study of age-related changes in immune function is fairly new, and most of the research shows that the immune system is less capable in older adults, which increases their susceptibility to infections, cancer, disease, and autoimmune disorders.

Three key facts from Immune Function in Older Adults:

  • Pneumonia and influenza are two of the top 10 causes of death in people aged 65 and older, which may be the result of a weakened immune system and a decreased efficacy of vaccines in older adults
  • Other factors contribute to weakened immune systems in older adults including malnutrition, diabetes, and decreased cough reflex
  • Older adults with severe infections present with different symptoms and a lack of fever because their immune systems do not respond as quickly or as efficiently to infection as younger patients’ immune systems do

20. Effects of Aging on Our Immune System

Effects of Aging on Our Immune System

MySeniorHealthCare.com shares guides to healthy living for older adults. Their article, Effects of Aging on Our Immune System, features statistics on the decline of the immune system with age. The article also examines the changes our immune systems undergo as we get older and explains how those changes make us more vulnerable to illness.

Three key facts from Effects of Aging on Our Immune System:

  • The thymus is the master gland of the immune system, and it shrinks down to only 10%-15% of its size by the time we turn 40, making it less effective at converting white blood cells into fully functioning T cells
  • The decline in immune system efficacy is due to lower quality immune cells and organs, which is a result of the aging process
  • Antibodies also weaken as we age, except for the one autoimmune antibody that gets stronger and attacks healthy tissue and cells

21. Aging and the Immune System – Focus on Naive T-Cells

Aging and the Immune System - Focus on Naive T-Cells

Vince Giuliano, PhD and chief scientist at Vivace Associates, consults on plant-based substances and the ways in which they benefit health and wellness. He blogs about aging and anti-aging firewalls and has been researching anti-aging literature for more than a decade. In this article, Vince focuses on T-cell research and suggests that there are steps we can take to combat the changes the immune system undergoes when we age.

Three key facts from Aging and the Immune System – Focus on Naive T-Cells:

  • Specifically, the adaptive immune system grows weaker as we age, which results in a decline in the production of new naive T and B lymphocytes
  • It may be possible to discover safe ways to stop or reverse the decline of the thymus glad and help it remain active in producing T cells as we age
  • Some research has found that certain white blood cells survive longer and better protect older people against infections such as the flu

22. How Aging Cripples the Immune System
@KurzweilAINews

How Aging Cripples the Immune System

KurzweilAI is a newsletter and blog covering major science and technology breakthroughs in accelerating intelligence. Their article, How Aging Cripples the Immune System, shares new research that reinforces the idea that antioxidants may support immune function by lowering free radicals.

Three key facts from How Aging Cripples the Immune System:

  • Antioxidants may have the power to slow the damage that occurs to the immune system as we age
  • Free radicals cause cellular damage and contribute to aging and age-related diseases
  • Researchers continue to investigate whether lowering free radicals with antioxidants will improve immune function in

23. Aging Changes in Immunity
@nytimes

Aging Changes in Immunity

The New York Times is known for breaking news, special reports, and more. Their health guide, Aging Changes in Immunity, serves as a report on the effects of aging on the immune system and gives detailed information about the ways in which the immune system weakens over time and our chances of getting sick increase as we age. Aging Changes in Immunity includes background information, the effects caused by the changes, common problems that occur as we age and our immune system weakens, and suggestions for disease prevention.

Three key facts from Aging Changes in Immunity:

  • Because of the changes that occur to the immune system with age, wounds heal more slowly
  • Older adults should ask their doctors about the immunizations they should receive, including those for pneumonia, influenza, and hepatitis
  • Maintaining good health can help older adults remain healthy despite their weakened immune systems

24. Key to Aging Immune System Is Discovered
@UCSF

Key to Aging Immune System Is Discovered

The University of California San Francisco is the leading university exclusively focused on health. A UCSF research team, led by professor of medicine Emmanuelle Passegué, found “the cellular mechanism responsible for the inability of blood-forming cells to maintain blood production over time in an old organism, and have identified molecular defects that could be restored for rejuvenation therapies.” In other words, the team found that some stem cells falter with age and lose the ability to replicate their DNA accurately and efficiently during cell division.

Three key facts from Key to Aging Immune System Is Discovered:

  • Some immune system cells lack specific proteins and are at a greater risk for damage
  • Passegué’s team found that old stem cells, despite their damaged DNA, are not ready to develop cancer, as other researchers had thought
  • The decline of stem cell function is at the root of age-related problems

25. Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging
@TechTimes_News

Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging

Tech Times explores breaking news and top stories in technology and pop culture. Rhodi Lee’s Tech Times article, Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging, explores the findings of a study that show fasting for two to four days helps renew the body’s ability to protect against disease and infection.

Three key facts from Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging:

  • Prolonged periods of fasting regenerate the body’s immune system after it is weakened by aging
  • Fasting helps to reverse the negative effect of aging on the immune system because the body destroys old, weak, and damaged immune cells as it searches for sources of energy
  • As soon as the person resumes eating, the body produces white blood cells in greater numbers and regenerates the immune system

26. Stress and Aging
@AIS_StressNews

Stress and Aging

The American Institute of Stress (AIS) serves as a clearinghouse for all science-based stress management information. They focus on stress and aging in their report on seniors and health; indeed, Stress and Aging explores a number of ways that an impaired immune system affects older adults.

Three key facts from Stress and Aging:

  • An impaired immune system results in a decreased ability to resist infection and a decreased ability to respond effectively to other causes of inflammation, resulting in osteoporosis, arthritis, Type 2 diabetes, cancers, and dementia
  • Chronic stress is one cause of accelerated biologic aging, and so it has a negative effect on the immune system and its function
  • Stress can greatly reduce the immune response to influence and pneumonia in the elderly

27. The Gracefully Aging Immune System
@sciencemagazine
@uniinnsbruck

The Gracefully Aging Immune System

The University of Innsbruck focuses on research and development and ranks high in European academics. Beatrix Grubeck-Loebenstein, of the University of Innsbruck, authored The Gracefully Aging Immune System, which was published by Science magazine, with five other highly esteemed researchers and scientists. The article explores the increasing concerns about healthy aging and the waning of immune responsiveness as prolonged life expectancy becomes a reality in the 21st century.

Three key facts from The Gracefully Aging Immune System:

  • Immune reactivity of healthy older adults “is qualitatively and quantitatively different from that of healthy adults”
  • More research into the aging immune system is necessary to understand what occurs at the cellular and molecular levels and to help scientists develop a better targeted and effective immunization strategy for the elderly
  • Compromised immunity in older adults may be addressed with vaccinations, adequate nutrition, physical exercise, and a high level of intellectual challenge

28. Aging Changes in Immunity
@medlineplus

Aging Changes in Immunity

MedlinePlus delivers the latest news and information on health and medicine. Their Aging Changes in Immunity highlights the various ways in which aging changes and affects the immune system and offers strategies for preventing some of the adverse effects of aging on immune response.

Three key facts from Aging Changes in Immunity:

  • As we age, the immune system responds more slowly and increases our risk of getting sick
  • The immune system loses some of its ability to detect and correct cell defects as we age, which can result in an increased risk of cancer
  • Older people should be sure to eat healthy food, stop smoking, limit their intake of alcohol, get the recommended vaccinations, exercise, and take safety precautions to prevent falls and injuries

29. Aging Lowers Your Immunity
@LiveScience

Aging Lowers Your Immunity

LiveScience delivers science news and covers top stories in health, the environment, animals, technology, and space. In his LiveScience article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Fred Cicetti explains that there is good and bad news about our immune function as we age.

Three key facts from Aging Lowers Your Immunity:

  • Over time, the immune system develops defenses against antigens because we acquire antibodies to defend against germs we have defeated in the past; thus, adults get fewer colds than children
  • The number of T cells we have does not decrease with age, but their function decreases, causing parts of the immune system to weaken
  • Macrophages slow down and cannot ingest antigens as well as they do in younger people, which may be a reason more older people get cancer

30. Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response
@EinsteinMed

Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response

Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University is known for biomedical research, medical education, and clinical advances. Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response, an article in their Aging and Immunology series, reports on researchers who discovered one way in which aging compromises the immune system’s ability to fight infection and respond to vaccines. The study reveals that administering antioxidants may help reverse the loss of immune function.

Three key facts from Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response:

  • Aging can worsen the body’s immune response in several ways
  • As we age, our cells increase the production of free radicals and our cells decrease the production of antioxidant enzymes, which results in a buildup of damaged proteins and other molecules that can be toxic to cells
  • The implication of the study is that older adults may benefit from a cycle of therapy with antioxidants before receiving a vaccine so that their immune response improves

31. Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study
@MedicineNet

Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study

MedicineNet provides easy-to-read, in-depth medical and health information for consumers that is produced by U.S. board-certified physicians. Their article, Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study, points to one researcher’s findings that older adults have the same number of T cells as younger people. The study looks at the quantity of cells, rather than the quality of cells, to make its determination that the immune systems of older people may not be weaker.

Three key facts from Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study:

  • Older people’s immune systems continue to fight viruses and infections
  • The elderly do not lack T cells
  • As we age, our immune systems respond to new viruses and protect us against viruses we have been exposed to in the past

32. Elderly People Succumb to Viruses ‘Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard’
@Telegraph

 Elderly People Succumb to Viruses 'Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard'

The Telegraph is a widely-read UK newspaper that shares the latest news, business, sports, and more. In Elderly People Succumb to Viruses ‘Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard,’ medical contributor Kate Devlin explains the results from a study that found older people may be more susceptible to viruses because their immune systems work overtime.

Three key facts from Elderly People Succumb to Viruses ‘Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard’:

  • The immune systems of older adults overreact when they come into contact with an infection
  • The over-aggressive reactions of older people’s immune systems inflame and damage their cells
  • The study raises questions about whether the immune system declines as we age or whether older people are more likely to get infections and viruses because their immune response is exaggerated

33. Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here’s How You Can Stop It Ageing
@MailOnline

Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here's How You Can Stop It Ageing

The Daily Mail shares news from every front, and Nic Fleming’s article, Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here’s How You Can Stop It Ageing, explores scientists’ findings that our immune systems age as we do and become less effective at helping us ward off colds, viruses, and infections. But, scientists also have found that some people’s immune systems decline more rapidly than others.

Three key facts from Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here’s How You Can Stop It Ageing:

  • As our immune system ages, it can lose its memory and forget the pathogens it has encountered in the past, making us susceptible to infections, colds, and viruses that we already have had
  • By age 65, you do not have the broad range of cells needed to fight new infections, and the cells you do have are weary
  • Neutrophils in the elderly are half as effective at killing bacteria as those of younger adults

34. Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance
@StanfordMed

Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance

Stanford University School of Medicine integrates research, education, patient care, and community service. Bruce Goldman’s Scope blog post, Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance, explores the ways in which we become more vulnerable to infection, autoimmune disease, and cancer as we age.

Three key facts from Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance:

  • Starting at age 40, our immune response declines “slowly but surely”
  • We do not lose T cells as we age, but some subgroups of T cells take over and other subgroups become incredibly scarce
  • Scientists need to continue working to determine why there is an imbalance of T cells as we age

35. Study Ties Recently Discovered Immune Cell to Disease
@StanfordMed

Study Ties Recently Discovered Immune Cell to Disease

A study led by Stanford’s Dr. Cornelia Weyand, Dr. Zhenke Wen, and Dr. Yasuhiro Shimojima found that as we age, certain regulatory immune cells (regulatory T cells, or Tregs) decline in number and are less effective at combatting inflammation. The study offers insight into new approaches to restoring function in these immune cells.

Three key facts from Study Ties Recently Discovered Immune Cell to Disease:

  • As people age, their immune responses become hyperactive and unfocused, making it less capable of warding off cancers and infections, and much more inflammatory
  • CD8 Treg deficits may be responsible for coronary artery disease and Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases
  • CD8 Tregs are only about half as common in people ages 60 or older as in people in their 20s and 30s

36. To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems
@yalescientific

To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems

The oldest college science publication in the United States, Yale Scientific features Malini Gandhi’s article on the effects of aging on your immune system. To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems examines why and how our immune systems falter as we age and shares a study led by Vishwa Deep Dixit, professor of immunobiology and comparative medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. The study uncovered a hormone that may halt the breakdown of the thymus.

Three key facts from To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems:

  • The failure of the thymus is one of the main causes our immune response deteriorates as we age
  • The hormone that may help curb thymic breakdown is known as Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (FGF21), and it may stimulate the thymus and prevent the immune system from declining as we get older
  • By the time we reach age 45, the thymus is over 70% fat and struggles to make new T cells to aid in immune response

37. Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older
@Hope4CancerMex

Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older

Dr. Tony Jimenez is the founder and medical director of the Hope4Cancer Institute. Dr. Jimenez specializes in integrative and non-toxic therapies for cancer treatment. In his article, Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older, Dr. Jimenez shines a light on the causes of the decline of our immune system.

Three key facts from Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older:

  • Researchers are studying whether bone marrow becomes less efficient at producing stem cells, which eventually become immune cells, as we age
  • Factors other than age, including stress, exposure to radiation, chemicals, and diseases, contribute to a weakened immune system
  • Lifestyle changes can prevent the decline in our immune response as we age; these include exercising, limiting the intake of alcohol, quitting smoking, and avoiding falls and injuries

38. Sick and Tired: The Plight of an Aging Immune System
@jacksonlab

Sick and Tired: The Plight of an Aging Immune System

The Jackson Laboratory, an NCI-designated cancer center, shares science news, research, and breakthroughs. Dr. Nicole Davis’ Jackson Laboratory article examines how JAX professor and renowned HIV expert Derya Unutmaz is going about determining how the aging of the immune system contributes to chronic diseases.

Three key facts from Sick and Tired: The Plight of an Aging Immune System:

  • People with HIV experience accelerated aging of their immune systems, which causes inflammatory diseases
  • In immune systems of people who have chronic conditions, powerful immune cells called effectors cells accumulate over time grow in number and in collective strength; these cells can be dangers and inflict harm
  •  The immune aging process may contribute to HIV, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease

39. Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants
@DUJS_tweets

Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants

The Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science seeks to increase scientific awareness by providing an interdisciplinary forum. In her DUJS article, Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants, Katherine Bradley examines the degradation of the thymus and the possible positive effects of antioxidants on an aging immune system.

Three key facts from Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants:

  • The atrophy of the thymus leads to ineffective immune responses to vaccines and infections
  • If we can slow the degradation of the thymus, elderly people’s immune systems would strengthen
  • Two dietary antioxidants, including vitamin C, help prevent the breakdown of the thymus; thus, consuming antioxidant-rich food or supplements can persevere the integrity of the thymus and help people maintain their immune systems longer

40. 10 Immune System Boosters for Seniors
@APlaceForMom

10 Immune System Boosters for Seniors

A Place for Mom is a senior care resource. In her Senior Living Blog for A Place for Mom, Jennifer Wegerer offers tips for seniors who want to boost their immune systems in an effort to stay healthy. Seniors are especially vulnerable during the cold and flu season because of their compromised immune systems, so it is important to take steps to boost their immunity.

Three key facts from 10 Immune System Boosters for Seniors:

  • It is important to get the flu vaccine; while it may only be effective in about 25% of adults, the vaccine can lower your rate of sickness and death
  • Diets high in fruits and vegetables and low in sugar and fat are better at boosting the immune system
  • Regular exercise boosts immune response and can help seniors ward off infections

41. Cheese Boosts Immune System in Elderly
@LiveScience

Cheese Boosts Immune System in Elderly

This LiveScience article shares research that shows daily consumption of probiotic cheese helps boost the immune system of elderly people. The cheese acts as a carrier for good bacteria to the gut, which aids immune function.

Three key facts from Cheese Boosts Immune System in Elderly:

  • There are ways to stop the deterioration of the immune system, including increasing the intake of probiotics
  • Probiotics enhance both natural and acquired immunity
  • Including probiotics in a regular diet may improve an older person’s immune response to pathogens

42. Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems

Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems

United Methodist Homes was established in 1874 to help elders in the community and others in need. In Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems, Elizabeth Bemis shares some simple tips that seniors can use to build their weakened immune systems and improve their health.

Three key facts from Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems:

  • Leafy greens contain antioxidants that boost the immune system
  • Being physically active increases endorphins and circulation, which has positive effects on the immune system
  • Eating adequate amounts of nutrients, either through a balanced diet, or via a multivitamin or mineral supplement gives your body the fuel it needs to support the immune system

43. 3 Must Read Tips for Seniors Wanting to Boost Their Immunity
@FrontiersIn

3 Must Read Tips for Seniors Wanting to Boost Their Immunity

Frontiers, an award-winning community-driven open-access publisher and research network, shares three tips for seniors who want to boost their immune system to remain healthy and help protect against disease and infection. As the article points out, the immune system changes as we age and responds more slowly to invaders.

Three key facts from 3 Must Read Tips for Seniors Wanting to Boost Their Immunity:

  • As we age, the immune system loses its ability to detect and correct defects in cells
  • If you fall sick more often than you think you should, you may need to boost your immunity, especially if you are over the age of 40
  • Malnutrition has negative effects on the immune system and increases your risk of contracting an infection even more when you age

44. Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly
@Telegraph

Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly

Martin Beckford is a health correspondent for The Telegraph. His article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly, shares the results from a study that found how to revitalize white blood cells that were considered to be deactivated after fighting infections.

Three key facts from Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly:

  • Inactive white blood cells have long telomeres, which means that something in the immune system switches them off, and they may be reactivated
  • Inactive immune cells may not be permanently deactivated, even in older adults
  • By reactivating inactive immune cells, scientists could rejuvenate the immune systems of older adults

45. The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu
@MailOnline

The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu

Daily Mail science reporter Ben Spencer reports on a breakthrough British scientists made in treating older people with weakened immune systems in his article, The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu. The chemical, known as spermidine, may provide the elderly with a more effective immune system and boost their reactions to vaccines.

Three key facts from The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu:

  • Older adults do not react as well to vaccines as younger people because of their compromised immune systems
  • Spermidine restores the immune system’s memory and enables it to mount a more powerful response after a vaccination
  • Spermidine, and other chemicals like it, may be used to boost immune response to a broad variety of viruses in the future

46. Easy Ways to Reset and Boost the Elderly Immune System
@drkathyjohnson

Easy Ways to Reset and Boost the Elderly Immune System

Home Care Assistance, North America’s premier provider of in-home care for seniors, shares simple steps seniors can take to reset and boost their immune systems, in light of the fact that age takes a tool on their immune response. Older adults will be better equipped to fight off illness if they make a conscious effort to boost their immune systems.

Three key facts from Easy Ways to Reset and Boost the Elderly Immune System:

  • Increasing the number of good bacteria in the gut by eating yogurt with live and active cultures, taking probiotics, and eating bananas will strengthen your microbiome and strengthen your immune system
  • Limiting processed and refined foods and choosing fresh, natural, and home-cooked foods will boost immunity
  • Getting therapeutic massages and ultrasound therapies from a chiropractor who specializes in senior health can restore spinal alignment and improve your immune system’s functionality

47. Fasting May Improve Immune System Health During Aging Process; Chemotherapy Patients May Also Benefit
@medicaldaily

Fasting May Improve Immune System Health During Aging Process; Chemotherapy Patients May Also Benefit

Medical Daily shares “the kind of things you talk about at a bar with your friends.” In his Medical Daily article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Chris Weller reports on a study that finds periodic fasting can protect immune system health in healthy middle-aged and elderly people, chemotherapy patients, and others who suffer from declining immune response.

Three key facts from Fasting May Improve Immune System Health During Aging Process; Chemotherapy Patients May Also Benefit:

  • White blood cells weaken as we age and put people at risk for infection and disease, and possibly death, as our immune responses decline in efficacy
  • Temporary fasting can protect the immune cells, as people who resume eating after a period of fasting have more white blood cells than before they began fasting
  • Fasting switches stem cells into a regenerating mode that boosts immunity by reversing immunosuppression due to chemotherapy and rejuvenating immune systems in older individuals

48. Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season
@SILVERSPHEREadv

Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season

SILVERSPHERE is a technology company that enhances the ways in which people and organizations care for seniors. Kaleb Scharmahorn’s XSILVERSPHERE article, Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season, reminds us that older adults are at a greater risk of becoming ill during cold and flu season. The culprit is their weakened immune system, but there are steps you can take to help your older loved one remain healthy.

Three key facts from Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season:

  • Eating healthy and incorporating superfoods such as kale, berries, avocados, and mushrooms boosts immunity and health
  • Replacing soda and coffee with water increases fluid consumption and improves overall health
  • Supplementing an older person’s diet with vitamins and herbal supplements boost their immune system and helps them ward off colds and the flu more successfully

49. Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill
@UniofReading

Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill

The University of Reading is in the top 1% of universities worldwide. Their article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill, explains that elderly people should consider taking a daily supplement to boost gut bacteria and the immune system to stay healthier.

Three key facts from Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill:

  • Probiotics boost the immune systems of older adults to the point that they near the levels of young, healthy adults’ immune systems
  • Probiotics do not contain any live bacteria but help the growth of the billions of bacteria that live in the gut
  • Probiotics boost bifidobacteria in the intestine, boosting the immune system and resulting in a higher number of cells that fight infections and reduced inflammation

50. Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People
@mnt

Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People

Medical News Today shares the latest breaking health news. They also share suggestions for boosting immunity in older adults in their article, Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People. Probiotics help the elderly to remain healthy by adding good bacteria to the gut and aiding immune response.

Three key facts from Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People:

  • People over 60 should get probiotics through probiotic drinks, yogurts, or supplements
  • The most effective probiotics contain bifidobacteria or lactobacilli
  • A lower amount of good bacteria in the gut leads to gastrointestinal infections and bowel conditions

First Time Customers Buy a 30 Day Supply of Natural Immune System Boosters for Just $10 Del-Immune V aids in building healthy immune support and better intestinal health Order Del-Immune V Today