What are the Effects of Aging on Your Immune System? 50 Resources to Better Understand How the Immune System Changes As We Age

Your immune system plays a critical role in your health, as it protects you from infections and disease. Composed of specialized cells, proteins, tissue, and organs, the immune system works to protect us from invading microorganisms and germs each and every day. Several things can compromise or weaken your immune system, including stress, lack of sleep, being pessimistic, lack of exercise, and failing to wash your hands.

One question that doctors and scientists have been researching is whether your age diminishes the effectiveness of your immune system. While many recognize immunosenescence, or the  changes that occur in your immune system as you grow older, some new studies show that the immune system may not necessarily weaken as we age. If you are concerned about your immune response as you age, or if you want to learn more about how your immune system as you grow older, you will find helpful information and research in our following resources, which all are available free of charge.

We have rounded up 50 white papers, scholarly papers, videos, slideshows, multimedia resources, and articles that examine the effects of aging on your immune system; in addiction, some suggest ways to boost your immune system as you age. While we have listed our resources on the effects of aging on your immune system in no particular order, we have included a Table of Contents to help you navigate to the information that is of most interest to you.

Jump to:


White Papers and Scholarly Papers

1. Nutrition, Immunity, and Aging: Effects of Immune and Nutritional Compromise
@AOAforDOs

Nutrition, Immunity, and Aging: Effects of Immune and Nutritional Compromise

The American Osteopathic Association publishes AOA Health Watch, a continuing medical education publication that provides updates, treatment plans, and news on various health topics. In their May 2014 issue, the AOA shared information about the decline of immune system capabilities in aging individuals and the increased chances of acquiring infection and cancer.

Three key facts from Nutrition, Immunity, and Aging: Effects of Immune and Nutritional Compromise:

  • The nutritional compromise that is common in older adults with chronic medical problems directly contributes to immune compromise
  • Aging affects innate and adaptive immunity, which increases risk of infections, malignancy, and autoimmune disorders
  • Aging is characterized by an overall decline in T-cell function, and T-cell receptor diversity decreases dramatically after age 65, with significantly reduced function

2. Causes, Consequences, and Reversal of Immune System Aging
@jclinicalinvest

Causes, Consequences, and Reversal of Immune System Aging

The Journal of Clinical Investigation is a venue for discoveries in basic and clinical biomedical science that advance the practice of medicine. In their JCI paper, Encarnacion Montecino-Rodriguez, Beata Berent-Maoz, and Kenneth Dorshkind examine the effects of aging on the immune system and the ways in which elderly individuals’ immune systems do not respond to invaders as “robustly” as those of young individuals.

Three key facts from Causes, Consequences, and Reversal of Immune System Aging:

  • Older individuals are not immunodeficient, but they often do not respond as efficiently to antigens
  • People of advanced age do not fight off the flu as well as younger people and have a poor response to the flu vaccine
  • Aging also affects patterns of gene expression in mature B and T cells

3. How Aging Impairs Immune Response
@ScienceDaily

How Aging Impairs Immune Response

ScienceDaily shares breaking news about the latest discoveries in science, health, environment, and technology. This scholarly paper from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine at yeshiva University examines a study which found that aging may compromise the immune system’s ability to fight infections and respond to vaccines, but that antioxidants helps reverse the loss of immune function.

Three key facts from How Aging Impairs Immune Response:

  • Aging can worsen the body’s overall ability to create an effective immune response
  • When aging, people’s bodies create an increased production of free radicals that couple with cells’ decreased production of antioxidant enzymes, which results in a buildup of damaged proteins and other molecules that can be toxic to cells
  • Elderly people often respond poorly to vaccinations, so antioxidant therapy before vaccination may improve their immune response to vaccines

4. Innate Immunosenescence: Effect of Aging on Cells and Receptors of the Innate Immune System in Humans
@ResearchGate

Innate Immunosenescence: Effect of Aging on Cells and Receptors of the Innate Immune System in Humans

ResearchGate connects the world of science and makes research open to all. In this scholarly paper on the effects of aging on the immune system, the authors explain that researchers have found that the innate immunity of older people is negatively impacted by aging. One suggestion to remedy the weakened immune systems of older adults is to reactivate the function of innate immune cells to improve their response to pathogens and vaccinations.

Three key facts from Innate Immunosenescence: Effect of Aging on Cells and Receptors of the Innate Immune System in Humans:

  • Diseases associated with aging, such as infections, cancers, and neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases are attributed to a deteriorating immune system, or immunosenescence
  • Immunosenescence affects both adaptive immunity and innate immunity
  • The negative affects of aging on the immune system make elderly people more susceptible to infectious diseases and a decreased response to vaccination

5. T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function
@ICMRDELHI

T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function

Published online by the Indian Council of Medical Research, T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function provides an in-depth look at age-associated decline of the immune system as a major health concern. The paper explains there “is an increasing focus on the role of T cells during ageing because of their impact on the overall immune responses.”

Three key facts from T Cell Ageing: Effects of Age on Development, Survival & Function:

  • The effects of aging on the immune system include a decline in the production of fresh, naive T cells; more restricted T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire, and weak activation of T cells
  • There are some potential approaches to restore immunity in older adults via therapeutic interventions
  • The efficacy of the immune system decreases as we age

6. How Our Gut Changes Through Our Lifetimes, and How This Determines Our Overall Health
@ScienceDaily

How Our Gut Changes Through Our Lifetimes, and How This Determines Our Overall Health

This scholarly paper from the Norwich BioScience Institutes reports on a detailed study that looks into how your intestinal tract changes as you age. The study also considers how the aging intestinal tract determines our overall health. This information is important because “the gut plays a central role in programming our immune system and provides an effective barrier to bacteria that could make us ill. In particular, immune cells that line the gut work to maintain the integrity of the barrier, as well as maintaining a balance that provides a healthy environment for beneficial bacteria, but reacts to combat invasion by pathogenic microbes.”

Three key facts from How Our Gut Changes Through Our Lifetimes, and How This Determines Our Overall Health:

  • Changes to the gut barrier’s structure and function contribute to our immune system declining as we age and our increasing risk of infection and disease
  • The aging gut has an increase in an immune system regulator that triggers inflammation, and inflammation increases as we age, leading to bowel cancer, bowel disease, heart disease, diabetes, and depression
  • If gut bacteria are responsible for the changes in the gut’s barrier structure as we age, it may be possible to manage the changes and help keep older adults healthy with probiotics

7. Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
@NBU_Editor

Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

First published in Nutrition Bulletin, Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis is a scholarly paper that considers the fact that aging adults are more vulnerable to infections than younger adults, and they often have more severe and irregular episodes. Studies suggest that probiotics have a role in preventing infection in older adults.

Three key facts from Effectiveness of Probiotics for Preventing Infections in the Elderly: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis:

  • Older people are more susceptible to infections and often have more sever and unusual episodes because their immune systems are compromised
  • Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly
  • Older people who receive probiotic supplements for three months have a reduction in the average duration of an infection and a reduction in the frequency of common infectious diseases, especially upper airway infections

8. Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age
@RSocPublishing

Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age

The Royal Society Publishing is a publisher of the life and physical sciences and includes the oldest journal in the world. Their Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age showcases the immune system as a body system that matures and then declines as humans move through childhood and into adulthood and eventually into old age. The paper also highlights the fact that changes in the immune system occur as you age that impacts your risk of infection, autoimmune disease, and cancer.

Three key facts from Evolution of the Immune System in Humans from Infancy to Old Age:

  • As we age, our immune systems change and decline, which allows for significant risks to our health and survival
  • Mortality rates of infections are three times higher among elderly patients than younger patients
  • The changing immune system of older adults leads to inflammation, which may be the cause of cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia

9. Vaccines for Aging Populations

Vaccines for Aging Populations

Dr. Margaret Liu’s paper on the effects of aging on your immune system explains why vaccines are important to older adults and provides a laundry list of vaccines that they should have. Because your immune system has decreased capacity and you have waning immunologic memory, older people may respond less well to immunizations than younger folks.

Three key facts from Vaccines for Aging Populations:

  • While adults have encountered pathogens and have developed immunity to them, older adults are susceptible to new diseases and exposure to new pathogens if they travel or have not encountered them before because of their compromised immune systems
  • Aging adults should stay up to date with vaccines because their immune systems are weaker and need to be stimulated so they are better protected from infection and disease


Videos, Slideshows, and Multimedia Resources

10. Aging of the Immune System – Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich
@senstweet

Aging of the Immune System - Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich

The SENS Foundation works to develop, promote, and ensure widespread access to rejuvenation biotechnologies which comprehensively address the disabilities and diseases of aging. They offer a video featuring University of Arizona’s Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich, who gives an overview of the immune system and the pathogens it protects us from. As Dr. Nikolich-Zugich explains, the immune system becomes less effective as we age, but there are some promising techniques for overcoming age-related immune decline.

Three key facts from Aging of the Immune System – Dr. Janko Nikolich-Zugich:

  • When we age, our immune system produce fewer naive lymphocytes
  • The aging of the immune system poses a challenge to longevity
  • As we age, our adaptive immunity declines and affects our B cells and T cells

11. Research Shorts: The Immune System and Aging
@unibirmingham

Research Shorts: The Immune System and Aging

The University of Birmingham is a leading global university that “makes important things happen.” Professor Janet Lord researches the immune system and the ways in which the aging process affects it. In this video, she explains how her research can be used to treat common age-related diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and cancer.

Three key facts from Research Shorts: The Immune System and Aging:

  • Several diseases are age related, so it’s important to understand the aging process
  • Older people are more susceptible to infections and diseases
  • As you get older, your neutrophils (white blood cells that are part of your immune system) don’t move correctly toward the infection

12. Fasting Triggers Immune System Regeneration
@geobeats_vds

Fasting Triggers Immune System Regeneration

This GeoBeats News video, available on YouTube, explores the work of researchers at the University of Southern California: they found that fasting triggers the creation of new white blood cells, which regenerates the immune system. The body also considers consuming things like glucose and fat and damaged immune cells when it does not have enough energy to run itself.

Three key facts from Fasting Triggers Immune System Regeneration:

  • When people resume eating, the body begins to make healthy, new immune cells
  • Fasting also decreases the body’s levels of IGF-1, a hormone that is linked to cancer, tumor growth, and aging
  • Chemotherapy damages the immune system, and the research on fasting has positive implications for cancer patients

13. Wednesday Workshop – Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One’s Immune System
@AlzCareResource

Wednesday Workshop - Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One's Immune System

Alzheimer’s Care Resource Center is a non-profit corporation that offers specialized programs and services for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, their caregivers, and their family members. Their video, Wednesday Workshop – Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One’s Immune System, focuses on boosting the otherwise weakened immune system of older adults and offers five preventative measures.

Three key facts from Wednesday Workshop – Ways to Strengthen an Aging Loved One’s Immune System:

  • Aging impacts the immune system and prevents it from operating at peak efficiency
  • Vaccines, especially those for influenza and pneumonia, help protect aging people from getting sick
  • Exercise, even in the form of a daily walk, stimulates the production of antibodies and white blood cells

14. Nutrition, Aging and a Healthy Immune System
@TuftsUniversity

Nutrition, Aging and a Healthy Immune System

Tufts University is recognized as a premier research university in the United States. In this slideshow on the connection between nutrition, aging, and the immune system, Simin Nikbin Meydalni, director of the Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts, shares dietary strategies for improving immune response and infection resistance in older adults.

Three key facts from Nutrition, Aging and a Healthy Immune System:

  • Older people have an impaired immune response, especially in the T cell-mediated function
  • Changes in gut microflora also impair the immune system when you age
  • Otherwise benign viruses become pathogenic in older adults who have a weakened immune system

15. How Does Aging Affect the Immune System?
@SharecareInc

How Does Aging Affect the Immune System?

A digital health company that offers tools to help you manage your health, Sharecare features answers from three medical doctors in this multimedia resource for learning more about the effects of aging on the immune system. All three doctors agree that our immune system becomes weaker as we grow older, which makes the elderly especially susceptible to infection and disease.

Three key facts from How Does Aging Affect the Immune System?:

  • As we grow older, our immune systems may allow abnormal cells to grow, or they may work too hard and attack normal tissue, as in autoimmune diseases
  • Aging, diet, stress, digestive health, and the liver’s efficacy in filtering toxins all affect the immune system
  • As we age, the thymus atrophies and produces fewer T cells to fight off infection


Articles and Reports

16. Effects of Aging on the Immune System
@MerckManualHome

Effects of Aging on the Immune System

Merck Manual Home is an online medical guide appropriate for the whole family. Dr. Peter J. Delves offers an overview of the immune system in addition to comparisons of the immune systems in newborns versus older people in this interactive article.

Three key facts from Effects of Aging on the Immune System:

  • As people age, the immune system becomes less capable of distinguishing healthy cells and tissues from foreign antigens, which makes autoimmune disorders more common in older individuals
  • Macrophages ingest bacteria and other foreign cells, but they do so more slowly in older people, which may be one reason that older people get cancer more often than younger people
  • As we grow older, our bodies produce smaller amounts of complement proteins in response to bacterial infections

17. Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?
@NIAGo4Life

Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?

The National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health offers some information on the biology of aging in their article, Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age? As the article explains, gerontologists are working to determine why the immune system changes as we age, and more research needs to be done to determine whether changing immune response in seniors would be advantageous.

Three key facts from Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?:

  • Researchers continue to work to determine whether immunosenescence is beneficial for aging adults
  • Stress, radiation, chemical exposure, and exposure to certain diseases speeds up the deterioration of the immune system
  • Ongoing research is being done to learn whether there is a way to reverse the decline of the immune system and/or boost immune protection in older adults

18. Lymphatic System and Aging
@TammyAAHF

Lymphatic System and Aging

Tammy Peterson and her company, the American Academy of Health and Fitness (AAHF) work to instill quality of life throughout the aging process. They provide education and resources to older individuals and their families, including this article on the lymphatic system and aging.

Three key facts from Lymphatic System and Aging:

  • As we age, our lymphatic system is less effective at protecting us against disease and infection
  • As we age, our T cells become less responsive and fewer respond to infection or an invasion by pathogens
  • The antibody levels in older individuals do not rise as quickly after an infection developers, which makes them more vulnerable to viral and bacterial infections

19. Immune Function in Older Adults
@UpToDate

Immune Function in Older Adults

UpToDate is an evidence-based clinical decision support system authored by physicians to help clinicians make the best decisions at the point of care. They offer a free preview of a report on immune function in older adults reminds us that the study of age-related changes in immune function is fairly new, and most of the research shows that the immune system is less capable in older adults, which increases their susceptibility to infections, cancer, disease, and autoimmune disorders.

Three key facts from Immune Function in Older Adults:

  • Pneumonia and influenza are two of the top 10 causes of death in people aged 65 and older, which may be the result of a weakened immune system and a decreased efficacy of vaccines in older adults
  • Other factors contribute to weakened immune systems in older adults including malnutrition, diabetes, and decreased cough reflex
  • Older adults with severe infections present with different symptoms and a lack of fever because their immune systems do not respond as quickly or as efficiently to infection as younger patients’ immune systems do

20. Effects of Aging on Our Immune System

Effects of Aging on Our Immune System

MySeniorHealthCare.com shares guides to healthy living for older adults. Their article, Effects of Aging on Our Immune System, features statistics on the decline of the immune system with age. The article also examines the changes our immune systems undergo as we get older and explains how those changes make us more vulnerable to illness.

Three key facts from Effects of Aging on Our Immune System:

  • The thymus is the master gland of the immune system, and it shrinks down to only 10%-15% of its size by the time we turn 40, making it less effective at converting white blood cells into fully functioning T cells
  • The decline in immune system efficacy is due to lower quality immune cells and organs, which is a result of the aging process
  • Antibodies also weaken as we age, except for the one autoimmune antibody that gets stronger and attacks healthy tissue and cells

21. Aging and the Immune System – Focus on Naive T-Cells

Aging and the Immune System - Focus on Naive T-Cells

Vince Giuliano, PhD and chief scientist at Vivace Associates, consults on plant-based substances and the ways in which they benefit health and wellness. He blogs about aging and anti-aging firewalls and has been researching anti-aging literature for more than a decade. In this article, Vince focuses on T-cell research and suggests that there are steps we can take to combat the changes the immune system undergoes when we age.

Three key facts from Aging and the Immune System – Focus on Naive T-Cells:

  • Specifically, the adaptive immune system grows weaker as we age, which results in a decline in the production of new naive T and B lymphocytes
  • It may be possible to discover safe ways to stop or reverse the decline of the thymus glad and help it remain active in producing T cells as we age
  • Some research has found that certain white blood cells survive longer and better protect older people against infections such as the flu

22. How Aging Cripples the Immune System
@KurzweilAINews

How Aging Cripples the Immune System

KurzweilAI is a newsletter and blog covering major science and technology breakthroughs in accelerating intelligence. Their article, How Aging Cripples the Immune System, shares new research that reinforces the idea that antioxidants may support immune function by lowering free radicals.

Three key facts from How Aging Cripples the Immune System:

  • Antioxidants may have the power to slow the damage that occurs to the immune system as we age
  • Free radicals cause cellular damage and contribute to aging and age-related diseases
  • Researchers continue to investigate whether lowering free radicals with antioxidants will improve immune function in

23. Aging Changes in Immunity
@nytimes

Aging Changes in Immunity

The New York Times is known for breaking news, special reports, and more. Their health guide, Aging Changes in Immunity, serves as a report on the effects of aging on the immune system and gives detailed information about the ways in which the immune system weakens over time and our chances of getting sick increase as we age. Aging Changes in Immunity includes background information, the effects caused by the changes, common problems that occur as we age and our immune system weakens, and suggestions for disease prevention.

Three key facts from Aging Changes in Immunity:

  • Because of the changes that occur to the immune system with age, wounds heal more slowly
  • Older adults should ask their doctors about the immunizations they should receive, including those for pneumonia, influenza, and hepatitis
  • Maintaining good health can help older adults remain healthy despite their weakened immune systems

24. Key to Aging Immune System Is Discovered
@UCSF

Key to Aging Immune System Is Discovered

The University of California San Francisco is the leading university exclusively focused on health. A UCSF research team, led by professor of medicine Emmanuelle Passegué, found “the cellular mechanism responsible for the inability of blood-forming cells to maintain blood production over time in an old organism, and have identified molecular defects that could be restored for rejuvenation therapies.” In other words, the team found that some stem cells falter with age and lose the ability to replicate their DNA accurately and efficiently during cell division.

Three key facts from Key to Aging Immune System Is Discovered:

  • Some immune system cells lack specific proteins and are at a greater risk for damage
  • Passegué’s team found that old stem cells, despite their damaged DNA, are not ready to develop cancer, as other researchers had thought
  • The decline of stem cell function is at the root of age-related problems

25. Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging
@TechTimes_News

Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging

Tech Times explores breaking news and top stories in technology and pop culture. Rhodi Lee’s Tech Times article, Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging, explores the findings of a study that show fasting for two to four days helps renew the body’s ability to protect against disease and infection.

Three key facts from Periods of Long Fasting Enhances Immune System, Promotes Healthier Aging:

  • Prolonged periods of fasting regenerate the body’s immune system after it is weakened by aging
  • Fasting helps to reverse the negative effect of aging on the immune system because the body destroys old, weak, and damaged immune cells as it searches for sources of energy
  • As soon as the person resumes eating, the body produces white blood cells in greater numbers and regenerates the immune system

26. Stress and Aging
@AIS_StressNews

Stress and Aging

The American Institute of Stress (AIS) serves as a clearinghouse for all science-based stress management information. They focus on stress and aging in their report on seniors and health; indeed, Stress and Aging explores a number of ways that an impaired immune system affects older adults.

Three key facts from Stress and Aging:

  • An impaired immune system results in a decreased ability to resist infection and a decreased ability to respond effectively to other causes of inflammation, resulting in osteoporosis, arthritis, Type 2 diabetes, cancers, and dementia
  • Chronic stress is one cause of accelerated biologic aging, and so it has a negative effect on the immune system and its function
  • Stress can greatly reduce the immune response to influence and pneumonia in the elderly

27. The Gracefully Aging Immune System
@sciencemagazine
@uniinnsbruck

The Gracefully Aging Immune System

The University of Innsbruck focuses on research and development and ranks high in European academics. Beatrix Grubeck-Loebenstein, of the University of Innsbruck, authored The Gracefully Aging Immune System, which was published by Science magazine, with five other highly esteemed researchers and scientists. The article explores the increasing concerns about healthy aging and the waning of immune responsiveness as prolonged life expectancy becomes a reality in the 21st century.

Three key facts from The Gracefully Aging Immune System:

  • Immune reactivity of healthy older adults “is qualitatively and quantitatively different from that of healthy adults”
  • More research into the aging immune system is necessary to understand what occurs at the cellular and molecular levels and to help scientists develop a better targeted and effective immunization strategy for the elderly
  • Compromised immunity in older adults may be addressed with vaccinations, adequate nutrition, physical exercise, and a high level of intellectual challenge

28. Aging Changes in Immunity
@medlineplus

Aging Changes in Immunity

MedlinePlus delivers the latest news and information on health and medicine. Their Aging Changes in Immunity highlights the various ways in which aging changes and affects the immune system and offers strategies for preventing some of the adverse effects of aging on immune response.

Three key facts from Aging Changes in Immunity:

  • As we age, the immune system responds more slowly and increases our risk of getting sick
  • The immune system loses some of its ability to detect and correct cell defects as we age, which can result in an increased risk of cancer
  • Older people should be sure to eat healthy food, stop smoking, limit their intake of alcohol, get the recommended vaccinations, exercise, and take safety precautions to prevent falls and injuries

29. Aging Lowers Your Immunity
@LiveScience

Aging Lowers Your Immunity

LiveScience delivers science news and covers top stories in health, the environment, animals, technology, and space. In his LiveScience article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Fred Cicetti explains that there is good and bad news about our immune function as we age.

Three key facts from Aging Lowers Your Immunity:

  • Over time, the immune system develops defenses against antigens because we acquire antibodies to defend against germs we have defeated in the past; thus, adults get fewer colds than children
  • The number of T cells we have does not decrease with age, but their function decreases, causing parts of the immune system to weaken
  • Macrophages slow down and cannot ingest antigens as well as they do in younger people, which may be a reason more older people get cancer

30. Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response
@EinsteinMed

Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response

Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University is known for biomedical research, medical education, and clinical advances. Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response, an article in their Aging and Immunology series, reports on researchers who discovered one way in which aging compromises the immune system’s ability to fight infection and respond to vaccines. The study reveals that administering antioxidants may help reverse the loss of immune function.

Three key facts from Study Shows How Aging Impairs Immune Response:

  • Aging can worsen the body’s immune response in several ways
  • As we age, our cells increase the production of free radicals and our cells decrease the production of antioxidant enzymes, which results in a buildup of damaged proteins and other molecules that can be toxic to cells
  • The implication of the study is that older adults may benefit from a cycle of therapy with antioxidants before receiving a vaccine so that their immune response improves

31. Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study
@MedicineNet

Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study

MedicineNet provides easy-to-read, in-depth medical and health information for consumers that is produced by U.S. board-certified physicians. Their article, Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study, points to one researcher’s findings that older adults have the same number of T cells as younger people. The study looks at the quantity of cells, rather than the quality of cells, to make its determination that the immune systems of older people may not be weaker.

Three key facts from Immune System May Not Weaken with Age: Study:

  • Older people’s immune systems continue to fight viruses and infections
  • The elderly do not lack T cells
  • As we age, our immune systems respond to new viruses and protect us against viruses we have been exposed to in the past

32. Elderly People Succumb to Viruses ‘Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard’
@Telegraph

 Elderly People Succumb to Viruses 'Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard'

The Telegraph is a widely-read UK newspaper that shares the latest news, business, sports, and more. In Elderly People Succumb to Viruses ‘Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard,’ medical contributor Kate Devlin explains the results from a study that found older people may be more susceptible to viruses because their immune systems work overtime.

Three key facts from Elderly People Succumb to Viruses ‘Because Their Immune Systems Work Too Hard’:

  • The immune systems of older adults overreact when they come into contact with an infection
  • The over-aggressive reactions of older people’s immune systems inflame and damage their cells
  • The study raises questions about whether the immune system declines as we age or whether older people are more likely to get infections and viruses because their immune response is exaggerated

33. Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here’s How You Can Stop It Ageing
@MailOnline

Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here's How You Can Stop It Ageing

The Daily Mail shares news from every front, and Nic Fleming’s article, Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here’s How You Can Stop It Ageing, explores scientists’ findings that our immune systems age as we do and become less effective at helping us ward off colds, viruses, and infections. But, scientists also have found that some people’s immune systems decline more rapidly than others.

Three key facts from Is Your Immune System Old Before Its Time? Here’s How You Can Stop It Ageing:

  • As our immune system ages, it can lose its memory and forget the pathogens it has encountered in the past, making us susceptible to infections, colds, and viruses that we already have had
  • By age 65, you do not have the broad range of cells needed to fight new infections, and the cells you do have are weary
  • Neutrophils in the elderly are half as effective at killing bacteria as those of younger adults

34. Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance
@StanfordMed

Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance

Stanford University School of Medicine integrates research, education, patient care, and community service. Bruce Goldman’s Scope blog post, Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance, explores the ways in which we become more vulnerable to infection, autoimmune disease, and cancer as we age.

Three key facts from Our Aging Immune Systems are Still in Business, But Increasingly Thrown Out of Balance:

  • Starting at age 40, our immune response declines “slowly but surely”
  • We do not lose T cells as we age, but some subgroups of T cells take over and other subgroups become incredibly scarce
  • Scientists need to continue working to determine why there is an imbalance of T cells as we age

35. Study Ties Recently Discovered Immune Cell to Disease
@StanfordMed

Study Ties Recently Discovered Immune Cell to Disease

A study led by Stanford’s Dr. Cornelia Weyand, Dr. Zhenke Wen, and Dr. Yasuhiro Shimojima found that as we age, certain regulatory immune cells (regulatory T cells, or Tregs) decline in number and are less effective at combatting inflammation. The study offers insight into new approaches to restoring function in these immune cells.

Three key facts from Study Ties Recently Discovered Immune Cell to Disease:

  • As people age, their immune responses become hyperactive and unfocused, making it less capable of warding off cancers and infections, and much more inflammatory
  • CD8 Treg deficits may be responsible for coronary artery disease and Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases
  • CD8 Tregs are only about half as common in people ages 60 or older as in people in their 20s and 30s

36. To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems
@yalescientific

To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems

The oldest college science publication in the United States, Yale Scientific features Malini Gandhi’s article on the effects of aging on your immune system. To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems examines why and how our immune systems falter as we age and shares a study led by Vishwa Deep Dixit, professor of immunobiology and comparative medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. The study uncovered a hormone that may halt the breakdown of the thymus.

Three key facts from To Immunity and Beyond: Recruiting the Heroic Hormone that Rescues Aging Immune Systems:

  • The failure of the thymus is one of the main causes our immune response deteriorates as we age
  • The hormone that may help curb thymic breakdown is known as Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (FGF21), and it may stimulate the thymus and prevent the immune system from declining as we get older
  • By the time we reach age 45, the thymus is over 70% fat and struggles to make new T cells to aid in immune response

37. Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older
@Hope4CancerMex

Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older

Dr. Tony Jimenez is the founder and medical director of the Hope4Cancer Institute. Dr. Jimenez specializes in integrative and non-toxic therapies for cancer treatment. In his article, Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older, Dr. Jimenez shines a light on the causes of the decline of our immune system.

Three key facts from Age is Just a Number: Keep Your Immune System Strong as You Grow Older:

  • Researchers are studying whether bone marrow becomes less efficient at producing stem cells, which eventually become immune cells, as we age
  • Factors other than age, including stress, exposure to radiation, chemicals, and diseases, contribute to a weakened immune system
  • Lifestyle changes can prevent the decline in our immune response as we age; these include exercising, limiting the intake of alcohol, quitting smoking, and avoiding falls and injuries

38. Sick and Tired: The Plight of an Aging Immune System
@jacksonlab

Sick and Tired: The Plight of an Aging Immune System

The Jackson Laboratory, an NCI-designated cancer center, shares science news, research, and breakthroughs. Dr. Nicole Davis’ Jackson Laboratory article examines how JAX professor and renowned HIV expert Derya Unutmaz is going about determining how the aging of the immune system contributes to chronic diseases.

Three key facts from Sick and Tired: The Plight of an Aging Immune System:

  • People with HIV experience accelerated aging of their immune systems, which causes inflammatory diseases
  • In immune systems of people who have chronic conditions, powerful immune cells called effectors cells accumulate over time grow in number and in collective strength; these cells can be dangers and inflict harm
  •  The immune aging process may contribute to HIV, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease

39. Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants
@DUJS_tweets

Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants

The Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science seeks to increase scientific awareness by providing an interdisciplinary forum. In her DUJS article, Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants, Katherine Bradley examines the degradation of the thymus and the possible positive effects of antioxidants on an aging immune system.

Three key facts from Age-Related Metabolic Stress Degrades Our Immune Systems: Preventable with Antioxidants:

  • The atrophy of the thymus leads to ineffective immune responses to vaccines and infections
  • If we can slow the degradation of the thymus, elderly people’s immune systems would strengthen
  • Two dietary antioxidants, including vitamin C, help prevent the breakdown of the thymus; thus, consuming antioxidant-rich food or supplements can persevere the integrity of the thymus and help people maintain their immune systems longer

40. 10 Immune System Boosters for Seniors
@APlaceForMom

10 Immune System Boosters for Seniors

A Place for Mom is a senior care resource. In her Senior Living Blog for A Place for Mom, Jennifer Wegerer offers tips for seniors who want to boost their immune systems in an effort to stay healthy. Seniors are especially vulnerable during the cold and flu season because of their compromised immune systems, so it is important to take steps to boost their immunity.

Three key facts from 10 Immune System Boosters for Seniors:

  • It is important to get the flu vaccine; while it may only be effective in about 25% of adults, the vaccine can lower your rate of sickness and death
  • Diets high in fruits and vegetables and low in sugar and fat are better at boosting the immune system
  • Regular exercise boosts immune response and can help seniors ward off infections

41. Cheese Boosts Immune System in Elderly
@LiveScience

Cheese Boosts Immune System in Elderly

This LiveScience article shares research that shows daily consumption of probiotic cheese helps boost the immune system of elderly people. The cheese acts as a carrier for good bacteria to the gut, which aids immune function.

Three key facts from Cheese Boosts Immune System in Elderly:

  • There are ways to stop the deterioration of the immune system, including increasing the intake of probiotics
  • Probiotics enhance both natural and acquired immunity
  • Including probiotics in a regular diet may improve an older person’s immune response to pathogens

42. Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems

Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems

United Methodist Homes was established in 1874 to help elders in the community and others in need. In Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems, Elizabeth Bemis shares some simple tips that seniors can use to build their weakened immune systems and improve their health.

Three key facts from Tips for Seniors to Build Their Immune Systems:

  • Leafy greens contain antioxidants that boost the immune system
  • Being physically active increases endorphins and circulation, which has positive effects on the immune system
  • Eating adequate amounts of nutrients, either through a balanced diet, or via a multivitamin or mineral supplement gives your body the fuel it needs to support the immune system

43. 3 Must Read Tips for Seniors Wanting to Boost Their Immunity
@FrontiersIn

3 Must Read Tips for Seniors Wanting to Boost Their Immunity

Frontiers, an award-winning community-driven open-access publisher and research network, shares three tips for seniors who want to boost their immune system to remain healthy and help protect against disease and infection. As the article points out, the immune system changes as we age and responds more slowly to invaders.

Three key facts from 3 Must Read Tips for Seniors Wanting to Boost Their Immunity:

  • As we age, the immune system loses its ability to detect and correct defects in cells
  • If you fall sick more often than you think you should, you may need to boost your immunity, especially if you are over the age of 40
  • Malnutrition has negative effects on the immune system and increases your risk of contracting an infection even more when you age

44. Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly
@Telegraph

Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly

Martin Beckford is a health correspondent for The Telegraph. His article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly, shares the results from a study that found how to revitalize white blood cells that were considered to be deactivated after fighting infections.

Three key facts from Discovery Could Temporarily Boost Immune System in Elderly:

  • Inactive white blood cells have long telomeres, which means that something in the immune system switches them off, and they may be reactivated
  • Inactive immune cells may not be permanently deactivated, even in older adults
  • By reactivating inactive immune cells, scientists could rejuvenate the immune systems of older adults

45. The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu
@MailOnline

The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu

Daily Mail science reporter Ben Spencer reports on a breakthrough British scientists made in treating older people with weakened immune systems in his article, The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu. The chemical, known as spermidine, may provide the elderly with a more effective immune system and boost their reactions to vaccines.

Three key facts from The Drug That Could Give Elderly People the Immune System of a 20-Year-Old and Dramatically Reduce Deaths from Flu:

  • Older adults do not react as well to vaccines as younger people because of their compromised immune systems
  • Spermidine restores the immune system’s memory and enables it to mount a more powerful response after a vaccination
  • Spermidine, and other chemicals like it, may be used to boost immune response to a broad variety of viruses in the future

46. Easy Ways to Reset and Boost the Elderly Immune System
@drkathyjohnson

Easy Ways to Reset and Boost the Elderly Immune System

Home Care Assistance, North America’s premier provider of in-home care for seniors, shares simple steps seniors can take to reset and boost their immune systems, in light of the fact that age takes a tool on their immune response. Older adults will be better equipped to fight off illness if they make a conscious effort to boost their immune systems.

Three key facts from Easy Ways to Reset and Boost the Elderly Immune System:

  • Increasing the number of good bacteria in the gut by eating yogurt with live and active cultures, taking probiotics, and eating bananas will strengthen your microbiome and strengthen your immune system
  • Limiting processed and refined foods and choosing fresh, natural, and home-cooked foods will boost immunity
  • Getting therapeutic massages and ultrasound therapies from a chiropractor who specializes in senior health can restore spinal alignment and improve your immune system’s functionality

47. Fasting May Improve Immune System Health During Aging Process; Chemotherapy Patients May Also Benefit
@medicaldaily

Fasting May Improve Immune System Health During Aging Process; Chemotherapy Patients May Also Benefit

Medical Daily shares “the kind of things you talk about at a bar with your friends.” In his Medical Daily article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Chris Weller reports on a study that finds periodic fasting can protect immune system health in healthy middle-aged and elderly people, chemotherapy patients, and others who suffer from declining immune response.

Three key facts from Fasting May Improve Immune System Health During Aging Process; Chemotherapy Patients May Also Benefit:

  • White blood cells weaken as we age and put people at risk for infection and disease, and possibly death, as our immune responses decline in efficacy
  • Temporary fasting can protect the immune cells, as people who resume eating after a period of fasting have more white blood cells than before they began fasting
  • Fasting switches stem cells into a regenerating mode that boosts immunity by reversing immunosuppression due to chemotherapy and rejuvenating immune systems in older individuals

48. Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season
@SILVERSPHEREadv

Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season

SILVERSPHERE is a technology company that enhances the ways in which people and organizations care for seniors. Kaleb Scharmahorn’s XSILVERSPHERE article, Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season, reminds us that older adults are at a greater risk of becoming ill during cold and flu season. The culprit is their weakened immune system, but there are steps you can take to help your older loved one remain healthy.

Three key facts from Natural Ways to Boost the Immune System of Your Elderly Loved Ones Before Flu Season:

  • Eating healthy and incorporating superfoods such as kale, berries, avocados, and mushrooms boosts immunity and health
  • Replacing soda and coffee with water increases fluid consumption and improves overall health
  • Supplementing an older person’s diet with vitamins and herbal supplements boost their immune system and helps them ward off colds and the flu more successfully

49. Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill
@UniofReading

Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill

The University of Reading is in the top 1% of universities worldwide. Their article on the effects of aging on your immune system, Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill, explains that elderly people should consider taking a daily supplement to boost gut bacteria and the immune system to stay healthier.

Three key facts from Boosting Gut Bacteria Could Help Stop Elderly From Falling Ill:

  • Probiotics boost the immune systems of older adults to the point that they near the levels of young, healthy adults’ immune systems
  • Probiotics do not contain any live bacteria but help the growth of the billions of bacteria that live in the gut
  • Probiotics boost bifidobacteria in the intestine, boosting the immune system and resulting in a higher number of cells that fight infections and reduced inflammation

50. Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People
@mnt

Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People

Medical News Today shares the latest breaking health news. They also share suggestions for boosting immunity in older adults in their article, Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People. Probiotics help the elderly to remain healthy by adding good bacteria to the gut and aiding immune response.

Three key facts from Probiotic Supplements Help Elderly People:

  • People over 60 should get probiotics through probiotic drinks, yogurts, or supplements
  • The most effective probiotics contain bifidobacteria or lactobacilli
  • A lower amount of good bacteria in the gut leads to gastrointestinal infections and bowel conditions

What are the Best Natural Herbs for Boosting Your Immune System?

Immune response is a natural process that takes place in the body, so one of the best ways to boost immunity is to supplement your diet with natural herbs. Unlike medications that may contain chemicals, natural herbs are safe and lack toxins that weaken the immune system.

Certain antiviral herbs aid the immune system in defending against viruses and infections. These herbs also act as natural remedies to flu and offer other health benefits for the cardiovascular and digestive systems and provide anti-inflammatory support.

  1. Astragalus Root – Astragalus boosts the immune system and is best used as prevention. People take it during flu season or before coming into contact with large crowds of people.
  2. Cat’s Claw – Cat’s Claw is antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral and is known to boost the immune system and increase the body’s protection against illness.
  3. Dried Ginger Root – Known for its antiviral and antibacterial properties, dried ginger root is used to prevent the common cold.
  4. Dried Lemon Balm Leaf – Dried lemon balm leaf contains a volatile compounHerbs for immune healthd that has antiviral properties.
  5. Licorice Root – Antiviral and antibacterial, licorice root boosts the immune system and commonly is used to treat gastric ulcers because it kills H. pylori.
  6. Elderberry – Elderberry fights viral and bacterial infections and can be used to safely treat influenza A and B.
  7. Echinacea – A type of coneflower native to North America, Echinacea boosts immune and overall health, and its phytochemicals have the ability to reduce viral infections and tumors.
  8. Calendula – Calendula fights viruses, reduces inflammation and bacteria and has been used for medicinal purposes since the 12th century.
  9. Dried Oregano – Dried oregano protects against viruses and bacteria and may be taken in a capsule to promote healing.
  10. Ginseng – Panax ginseng, which is commonly referred to as Korean ginseng and the most common variety of ginseng studied, has shown promise in enhancing both immune and psychological functions.
  11. Turmeric – A component of turmeric, curcumin, is known for its anti-inflammatory effects, although research spanning the past three decades shows that it can help modulate the immune system.
  12. Ganoderma – A type of mushroom known as Reishi, ganoderma is a widely used herb in Chinese medicine for its immune-boosting effects as well as its ability to help fight viral infections.

How Herbs Help to Bolster Immune Health: What the Research Shows

Each of these herbs works in various ways to protect immunity and even boost immune health, and it’s not just the alternative health community that says so. Research over the past several decades continues to demonstrate that various herbs can have positive health impacts, boosting immunity, reducing inflammation, and aiding in the reduction of symptoms associated with a variety of health conditions.

Some of these herbs are more widely recognized for their health benefits. Echinacea, for example, is one of the most recognized herbs known for its benefits to immune health. In fact, echinacea first gained popularity as an alternative approach to treating (even curing) the common cold.

Aside from echinacea, there’s ample research to support the immune-enhancing and anti-inflammatory effects of various herbs.

How herbs benefit immune health

Astragalus Root: A Lesser-Known Herb with Multiple Immune Benefits

Other herbs on this list have recognizable names, although their immune benefits aren’t as widely known as that of echinacea. Astragalus root is less recognized than many of the other immune-boosting herbs listed above, but it holds tremendous promise for enhancing immune health. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC), “Astragalus is called an adaptogen, meaning it helps protect the body against various stresses, including physical, mental, or emotional stress.” As stress is proven to be detrimental to immune health, astragalus can be beneficial to immune health in several ways.

Additionally, “In the United States, researchers have looked at astragalus as a possible treatment for people whose immune systems have been weakened by chemotherapy or radiation,” UMMC reports. “In these studies, astragalus supplements seem to help people recover faster and live longer.” However, studies investigating the benefits of astagalus for people with AIDS have produced mixed results.

Herbs with Anti-Inflammatory, Immunomodulatory and Cancer-Fighting Effects

Ginseng is another widely recognized herb. Research reveals that the active component in Korean ginseng, ginsenosides, has anti-inflammatory properties as well as anti-cancer properties. Additionally, studies indicate that this herb has the potential to help ward off health conditions related to diabetes.

According to an abstract from the Journal of Clinical Immunology published in 2007 at PubMed.gov, curcumin, an active component in turmeric, is “traditionally known for its anti-inflammatory effects,” but is also proving to be a “potent immunomodulatory agent,” with an ability to modulate the activation of various immune cells. Research finds that at low doses, curcumin can also enhance antibody response, suggesting that “curcumin’s reported beneficial effects in arthritis, allergy, asthma, atherosclerosis, heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and cancer might be due in part to its ability to modulate the immune system. Together, these findings warrant further consideration of curcumin as a therapy for immune disorders.” To reap the benefits of turmeric, many people turn to elixirs that incorporate the beneficial herb.

Calendula is another useful herb with anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-bacterial benefits. According to UMMC, “Calendula has high amounts of flavonoids, plant-based antioxidants that protect cells from being damaged by unstable molecules called free radicals.” Today, calendula is most often used topically in the form of tinctures and ointments made using the dried petals of the calendula plant. “Calendula has been shown to help wounds heal faster, possibly by increasing blood flow and oxygen to the affected area, which helps the body grow new tissue.”

Like ginseng, the Reishi mushroom, also known as ganoderma, also has cancer-fighting effects in addition to immune health and other benefits. “Regular consumption of red Reishi can enhance our body’s immune system and improve blood circulation, thus improving better health conditions. Generally, Reishi is recommended as an adaptogen, immune modulator, and a general tonic,” according to Reishi.com. “Red Reishi is also used to help treat anxiety, high blood pressure, hepatitis, bronchitis, insomnia, and asthma.” WebMD reports that Reishi is used in conjunction with other herbs in the treatment of prostate cancer, noting that it contains chemicals shown to have myriad helpful effects including both benefits to immune health and activity against tumors.

As research continues to investigate the helpful effects of various herbs on immune health and their ability to help combat the symptoms of different health conditions, herbs hold promise as a natural way to supplement traditional medicine and bolster immunity.

Boosting Immune Health with Probiotics

Herbs aren’t the only natural way to boost your immune health. Adopting better lifestyle habits, such as quitting smoking, starting a regular exercise program, getting enough sleep, and other changes can give your immune system a boost. Probiotics are yet another natural solution for enhancing your immune health. There are some excellent all natural probiotic supplements that offer immediate immune system support. By keeping your physiological systems in better balance, your immune system can better protect you from colds and disease.

Given all of the ways people weaken their immune system, it is important to know how to boost it and protect against infections and disease. Natural herbs are a safe and effective way to boost the immune system and help the body defend against viruses, bacteria, and other invaders.

Images via Pixabay by Couleur and LubosHouska

What are the Best Juices to Boost Your Immune System?

Everyone knows that eating a healthy, balanced diet with fresh fruits and vegetables can improve your overall health and well-being, providing essential vitamins and minerals to bolster immunity. But eating fruits and vegetables is not the only way to boost immunity; you also can drink them. In fact, some people prefer to drink juice because it is quicker and easier than eating the recommended servings of fruits and vegetables in a day. There are some juices that pack more power for your immune system than others:

  • Carrot Juice – Carrots are a source of beta-carotene, which converts to vitamin A in the body. Vitamin A plays a role in regulating the immune system and helping the body fight infections by keeping T-cells in circulation.
  • Orange Juice – Orange juice, as well as other citrus fruits, are good sources of vitamin C. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that protects cells from substances that damage the body. Vitamin C also promotes white blood cell and antibody production, which helps defend against foreign invaders.
  • Kale Juice – Kale is full of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, all of which are beneficial for immune health.
  • Tomato Juice – Tomato juice is a top source of vitamin C and vitamin A; both vitamins play an integral role in immune health.
  • Root Juice – Combine celery with leaves, beets with leaves, and carrots to make root juice that is rich in vitamins C, A, and folate to boost immunity.
  • Kiwi Strawberry Juice with Mint – Both kiwis and strawberries are sweet fruits full of vitamin C, and mint is an herb that is a good source of folate, vitamin A, magnesium, and zinc. Kiwi strawberry juice with mint boosts immunity and helps the body fight infection.

Carrot juice

Juicing Your Way to Immune Health

Because it’s possible to reap the benefits of certain fruits and vegetables by consuming them in juice form, the juicing trend emerged as a way to gain the benefits of different fruits and vegetables in powerful, blended beverages.

There are thousands of juicing recipes blending the effects of multiple fruits and vegetables to create a rich, immune-boosting smoothie or beverage to supplement your healthy diet and regular exercise program to improve your immune health and overall well-being. Combinations such as tomato-carrot juice offer a robust combination of antioxidants and Vitamin A to boost collagen health in the skin, providing a barrier to entry for pathogens that can cause disease and regulating the activity of immune cells including T-cells, B-cells, and cytokines. Not to mention, this combination is an excellent one for warding off the effects of aging on your skin.

If your taste buds aren’t the biggest fans of tomato juice, other combinations such as carrot-apple-pear juice offer a tasty and beneficial alternative. The possibilities are endless, and once you’ve learned the various immune-boosting effects of a variety of fruits, vegetables, and even herbs, you can create your own immune-enhancing juice combinations to bolster immunity, fight the effects of aging, and ward off everything from chronic disease to the common cold.

Dangers of a Weak Immune System best juices

People who take care of themselves often have healthy immune systems. However, people who get inadequate sleep, who suffer chronic stress, who eat diets high in sugar and saturated fat, and who lack proper hygiene risk weakening their immune system. A weakened immune system leaves people susceptible to catching the common cold, acquiring a disease, or getting an infection.

In fact, people who have a weak immune system feel fatigued, get frequent infections, suffer from the flu, colds, and sore throat often, experience more allergic reactions, and have injuries that take quite a long time to heal.

How to Boost the Immune System: A Whole-Body Approach to Good Health

There are some steps people can take to boost their immune system’s performance. For instance, getting at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night; engaging in relaxing activities such as going for a walk, practicing yoga, or reading a book to reduce stress levels; and washing their hands frequently throughout the day are easy ways people can boost their immunity.

There are several diet changes people can make to improve their immune system’s function as well. For example, cooking with olive and canola oils is a way to boost immunity because their healthy fats serve as lubricants that improve flexibility and communication between cells to promote immune function. Similarly, eating lean protein at every meal helps the body protect itself from bacteria, viruses, and germs because antibodies that fight disease are made of protein. High-protein foods also contain immune-boosting nutrients.

It’s also a good idea to eat five cups of fruits and vegetables per day to boost the immune system because they are full of vitamins A, C, and E, which help white blood cells fight off infection and disease. Additionally, you should limit your alcohol intake. Excessive alcohol is toxic to immune system cells that play a role in seeking and destroying invading microbes. While people should not drink alcohol to boost immunity, they should drink certain juices to ensure optimal immune response.

Finally, supplementing your healthy diet with an all-natural probiotic can help to make your body’s defense system even stronger and more robust by keeping vital systems in balance and prompting cytokines, which act as messengers, to more readily identify and alert the body to the presence of potentially dangerous invaders.

Immune health is critical to our overall wellbeing. The ins and outs of daily life weakens the immune system, so people should take steps such as eating a healthy, well-balanced diet and drinking juices that boost immunity to help their bodies defend against viruses, diseases, and infections.

Images via Pixabay by Couleur and PublicDomainPictures

What are the Immune System Lines of Defense?

A Definition of the Immune System

The immune system, a network of cells, tissues, and organs, protects the body from infection and disease. Invading viruses, bacteria, and other microbes try to invade the body, and the immune system targets them while leaving healthy tissues alone. The immune system does this by recognizing proteins on the surfaces of cells and responding in order to address the problem. When an immune response cannot be activated, an infection can develop. However, if an immune response is activated when there is not a real threat or after the danger passes, the person suffers from allergic reactions and autoimmune disease.

Immune system lines of defense

Immune System Lines of Defense

The immune system includes three lines of defense against foreign invaders: physical and chemical barriers, nonspecific resistance, and specific resistance. The first line of defense are the physical and chemical barriers, which are considered functions of innate immunity. The second line of defense is nonspecific resistance, which also is considered a function of innate immunity. The third line of defense is specific resistance, which is considered a function of acquired immunity.

Innate immunity involves nonspecific immune defense mechanisms that activate immediately or within hours of an antigen’s invasion of the body. Innate immunity is present at birth. Innate immunity activates when the immune system recognizes chemical properties of the antigens.

Acquired immunity, also referred to as adaptive or specific immunity, is not present at birth but is learned. The immune system encounters antigens and the acquired immunity’s components learn how to attack each antigen and develop a memory for it. Specific immunity tailors attacks to specific antigens because it learns, adapts, and remembers them.

Physical and Chemical Barriers (Innate Immunity)

Physical barriers literally provide physical barriers to invaders. These include skin, mucous membranes, hair, cilia, urine, and defecation and vomiting. Body's lines of defense: immunity

  • Skin – A thick layer of dead cells in the epidermis provides a physical barrier to viruses, bacteria, and microbes. As the epidermis sheds, microbes are removed
  • Mucous membranes – Mucous membranes produce mucus to trap microbes so they cannot spread to the rest of the body
  • Hair – Hair within the nose filters microbes, dust, and pollutants from the air to prevent them from invading the body
  • Cilia – Cilia lines the upper respiratory tract and traps and propels inhaled debris to the throat so it can exit the body more quickly
  • Urine – Urine flushes microbes out of the body via the urethra
  • Defecation and vomiting – The body expels microorganisms via bowel movements and vomit

Chemical barriers form another first line of defense against invaders.

  • Lysozyme – Lysozyme is an enzyme produced in tears, sweat, and saliva that breaks down cell walls and acts as an antibiotic by killing bacteria
  • Gastric juice – Acids in the stomach destroy bacteria and toxins
  • Saliva – Saliva dilutes the number of microorganisms in the body and washes the teeth and mouth
  • Acidity – Skin acidity inhibits bacterial growth
  • Sebum – Unsaturated fatty acids known as sebum provide a protective film on the skin and inhibits growth
  • Hyaluronic acid – A gelatinous substance, hyaluronic acid slows the spread of microorganisms that can harm the body

Nonspecific Resistance (Innate Immunity)

The second line of defense of the immune system, also an aspect of innate immunity, is the nonspecific resistance. These defense mechanisms destroy invaders in a general way and do not target specific antigens.

  • Phagocytes – Phagocytic cells ingest and destroy microbes that pass into body tissues
  • Inflammation – Inflammation is a localized response in the tissue that occurs when tissues are damaged or in response to other stimuli. Inflammation occurs when white blood cells flood an area of invasion by microbes. The response includes swelling, redness, heat, and pain
  • Fever – Fevers inhibit bacterial growth and increase the rate of tissue repair when an infection is present in the body

Specific Resistance (Acquired Immunity)

The final line of defense is specific resistance, which is a component of acquired immunity. Specific resistance relies on antigens, or specific substances that are found in foreign microbes. Most antigens are proteins; they act as a stimulus to produce an immune response.

  • Lymphocytes – Specific white blood cells, T cells and B cells, are responsible for acquired immunity. A specific immune response occurs when antibodies produced by B cells encounter antigens

Probiotics Can Boost the Body’s Lines of Defense

These complex physiological processes are sophisticated and, in most cases, pretty adept at defending your body from disease-causing bacteria. But that doesn’t mean there’s nothing you can do to make your immune system lines of defense even stronger. Supplements such as Del-Immune V® activate cytokines, which act as messengers that alert your body to the presence of harmful germs and bacteria. By using Del-Immune V® supplements, you’ll speed up your body’s response time to foreign invaders from the typical 10 days it takes to recognize harmful invaders to six hours or less.

Images via Pixabay by WerbeFabrik and bykst

Can You Get Sick from Lack of Sleep? 50 Resources on the Impact of Sleep on Your Health and Well-Being

When you are young, your mother tells you several things about your health that may cause you to question whether she is telling you the truth. Rules such as no swimming for at least 15 minutes after eating, no playing in the rain or you’ll catch a cold, and no going outside during winter without gloves and a hat or you’ll catch pneumonia may have given you pause when you were a kid because the consequences of not listening could have been dire. As you get older, you take your chances and sometimes wish you would not have done that cannonball right after eating hot dogs at the Labor Day picnic.

While she may not have known exactly why a lack of sleep could make you sick, your mother definitely was right in telling you to get enough sleep or you would get sick. Of course, we all know that sleep deprivation makes us feel sluggish, makes it difficult to concentrate, and makes us cranky, but we may not realize the very real toll that a lack of sleep takes on our health. People who do not get enough sleep are at a greater risk of developing serious health issues like heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, stroke, and diabetes. By some accounts, 90% of people with insomnia also have another health condition.

Lack of sleep also contributes to symptoms of depression; in fact, in the U.S., people who are diagnosed with depression or anxiety are likely to sleep fewer than six hours a night. Sleep deprivation and depression often exacerbate one another, becuase lack of sleep aggravates depression symptoms, and depression often makes it more difficult to fall asleeep.

Lack of sleep has been linked to weight gain as well. According to researchers, people who get less sleep than they should are more overweight than people who get enough sleep. This associateion between sleep deprivation and obesity affects both children and adults. Poeple who stay awake longer have more opportunities to eat, and lack of sleep affects key hormones that control appetite, so sleep-deprived people may be hungrier than individuals who get enough sleep.

To learn more about how and why people get sick from lack of sleep, check out our 50 resources that provide a range of tips on improving sleep and the immune system to stay healthy. We have selected a variety of resources from authorities on sleep, the immune system, and health as it relates to sleep to help readers understand the effects of sleep deprivation on the body and your overall wellbeing. Please note that while we have included a Table of Contents to help you jump to the resources of most interest to you, we have listed our top 50 resources that explain how you can get sick from lack of sleep here, in no particular order.

Jump to:

Videos and Multimedia

1. Not Getting Enough Sleep Can Make You Sick
@CBSNews

Not Getting Enough Sleep Can Make You Sick

 

Known for its original reporting and trusted news, CBS News shares findings from a study from the journal Sleep that found being sleep deprived makes you more than four times more likely to catch a cold. In fact, people who sleep fewer than six hours a night are in greater jeopardy of getting ill than those who get more than seven hours of sleep.

Three key facts from Not Getting Enough Sleep Can Make You Sick:

  • There is growing scientific literature supporting the link between sleep and the immune system
  • People who sleep fewer than five hours a night are 4.5 times more likely to get sick than those who sleep more than seven hours a night, and people who sleep fewer than six hours a night are 4.2 times more likely to get sick
  • Sleep deprivation is more important than any other factor in determining the likelihood of catching a cold

Cost: FREE

2. 4 Serious Health Problems Linked to Lack of Sleep
@FoxNews

4 Serious Health Problems Linked to Lack of Sleep

 

Fox News is a leading cable news network that delivers breaking news, insightful analysis, and must-see videos, like 4 Serious Health Problems Linked to Lack of Sleep. Risk of cancer, disease, and death increases for individuals who get fewer than 7-8 hours of sleep per night, as Dr. David Samadi explains in this Fox News video that explains exactly how you can get sick from lack of sleep.

Three key facts from 4 Serious Health Problems Linked to Lack of Sleep:

  • You need to get an uninterrupted 6-7 hours of sleep to allow the immune system to work to repair the damage done to the body during the day
  • If you get less than 6 hours of sleep, you double your risk of heart attack
  • If you have diabetes and do not get enough sleep, your insulin can become resistant and your glucose level will increase

Cost: FREE

3. The Side Effects of Lack of Sleep
@TheDoctors

The Side Effects of Lack of Sleep

 

Hosted by ER physician Dr. Travis Stork, The Doctors is an Emmy Award-winning daytime talk show that shares the most up-to-date information regarding health and wellness in addition to tips for attaining and maintaining good health. In this video, Dr. Stork describes the issues people face when they fail to get enough sleep, such as memory issues, depression and irritability, weaker immune system, and an increased perception of pain.

Three key facts we like from The Side Effects of Lack of Sleep:

  • Sleep deprivation changes the brain to make people feel more hungry and crave carbs and sugar, increasing the risk for obesity and diabetes
  • People turn to caffeine when they are tired, which increases heart rate and may cause blood pressure to increase
  • Chronic sleep deprivaton can lead to obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, depression, GI issues, and more

Cost: FREE

4. Sleep Deprivation and the Effects on Your Body
@ABC

 Sleep Deprivation and the Effects on Your Body

 

ABC News works around the clock to bring breaking news, top stories, videos, photos, special reports, and exclusive interviews to people. This ABC News video shares the negative effects of sleep deprivation on health, such as an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, heart and blood vessel disease, diabetes, and weight gain. People need to commit to getting enoughs sleep to stay healthy.

Three key facts from Sleep Deprivation and the Effects on Your Body:

  • Sleep deprivation makes it difficult for the body to process food properly, raising blood glucose levels; insulin loses its efficiency by 21%, which increases the chances of diabetes
  • Sleep deprivation makes people crave high-fat, high-sugar foods
  • Lack of sleep puts the immune system on high alert and increases the risk of cancer

Cost: FREE

5. Sleep & Immunity
@nutrition_facts

Sleep & Immunity

 

Dr. Michael Greger shares the latest nutrition information in short, engaging videos via NutritionFacts.org, a noncommercial, science-based source. In Sleep & Immunity, a video available on YouTube, Dr. Greger examines the question of whether lack of sleep impairs the immune system. In 2009, researchers put the common cold virus into people’s nostrils and found that people who get more sleep were more likely to beat the virus.

Three key facts from Sleep & Immunity:

  • People who get enough sleep are 3-5 times more likely to protect against the common cold
  • Getting enough sleep is one of the easiest things people can do to boost the immune system
  • Even people who are exposed to viruses can avoid getting sick if they have a strong enough immune system

Cost: FREE

6. Dr. Tina Waters on Sleep and the Immune System
@CBNNews

Dr. Tina Waters on Sleep and the Immune System

 

The Christian Broadcasting Network, CBN News, brings international Christian-inspired news 24 hours a day. They share a video on YouTube featuring Dr. Tina Waters, who specializes in adult sleep disorders, sleep apnea, insomnia, and circadian rhythm disorders. Dr. Waters explains that sleep has positive and negative effects on the immune system, depending on how much sleep a person gets.

Three key facts we like from Dr. Tina Waters on Sleep and the Immune System:

  • Sleep deprivation potentially leads to lower T-cells, which inhibits immune function and increases the likelihood of getting sick or developing infections
  • Interrupted sleep, sleep apnea, and unrefreshing sleep lead to a weakened immune system
  • Sleep apnea causes inflammatory that can increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes

Cost: FREE

7. Sleep: The Critical Factor for a Healthy Immune System, Part 2
@organicmednow

Sleep: The Critical Factor for a Healthy Immune System, Part 2

 

Dr. Craig Knoiver is a Board Certified Family Medicine Physician who has extensive experience and interest in natural and organic medicine. He shares information about the importance of sleep for maintaining a healthy immune system in Sleep: The Critical Factor for a Healthy Immune System, Part 2, a video available on YouTube.

Three key facts we like from Sleep: The Critical Factor for a Healthy Immune System, Part 2:

  • People who eat well and are active may consistently get sick if they do not get enough sleep
  • Sleep is critical to the immune system, and people who work third shift or overnight are at a greater risk of having a weakened immune system
  • Sleep gives the immune system time to reset

Cost: FREE

8. 5 Health Hazards Linked to Lack of Sleep
@ABC
@katiemoisse

5 Health Hazards Linked to Lack of Sleep

 

5 Health Hazards Linked to Lack of Sleep, by Katie Moisse for ABC News, details how a lack of sleep takes a serious toll on people’s physical and mental health. Sleep deficiency affects mood and the ability to make memories and learn. More significantly, lack of sleep affects the metabolism, appetite, blood pressure, inflammation levels, and the immune system.

Three key facts from 5 Health Hazards Linked to Lack of Sleep:

  • Sleep deprivation has been linked to stroke, obesity, diabetes, depression, anxiety, heart disease, and cancer
  • Lack of sleep leads to weight gain because hormone levels change when people need more sleep
  • People who sleep fewer than six hours a night are more likely to suffer a stroke

Cost: FREE

9. Is Lack of Sleep Making You Gain Weight?
@Femail

Is Lack of Sleep Making You Gain Weight?

 

Daily Mail Femail shares fashion, beauty, health, food, and relationship news. Carly Stern’s multimedia resource for DailyMail.com Femail includes an article, infographic, and video that describe exactly what happens to the body when a person fails to get enough sleep. As Stern points out, sleep deprivation is responsible for everything from wrinkled skin to increased risk of heart problems, mood disorders, and diabetes.

Three key facts from Is Lack of Sleep Making You Gain Weight?:

  • The American Academy of Sleep Medicince and the Sleep Research Society recommend people get at least seven hours of sleep to maintain a healthy body and mind
  • When you suffer from lack of sleep, your immune system has a more difficult time mounting a response to fight infection
  • Lack of sleep is a strong predictor for susceptibility to the cold virus

Cost: FREE

10. Sleep and Disease Risk
@harvardmed

Sleep and Disease Risk

 

Harvard Medical School is known for making advances in biomedical research, trends in medical education, and much more. Their Sleep and Disease Risk is a multimedia resource featuring video vignettes with prominent medical doctors that highlight the consequences lack of sleep has on long-term health. They point to recent research that shows people who have consistent sleep deprivation are at a higher risk for developing chronic disease.

Three key facts from Sleep and Disease Risk:

  • Considering sleep a priority is an important step in chronic medical condition prevention
  • Sleep deprivation is just as harmful as increased stress in terms of increased blood pressure, impaired control of blood glucose, and increased inflammation
  • People who get adequate sleep are better able to fight infections than those who sleep less

Cost: FREE

Infographics

11. The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on the Body
@Healthline

The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on the Body

 

Healthline is committed to being a trusted ally in the pursuit of health and wellbeing, which is why they offer information, guidance, and inspiration to site visitors. Their infographic displays how sleep deprivation causes damage to the body in the short term and leads to chronic health problems and a negative impact on quality of life over time.

Three key facts from The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on the Body:

  • When you sleep, your immune system produces protective cytokines and antibodies and cells that fight infection; these cytokines and antibodies also aid sleep so that your body has ample energy to protect against illness
  • Sleep deprivation results in the immune system failing to have the ability to build up its defenses
  • Lack of sleep results in the body needing a longer amount of time to recover from illness

Cost: FREE

12. CDC Reports Lack of Sleep is a Health Epidemic
@UnityPointNews

CDC Reports Lack of Sleep is a Health Epidemic

 

UnityPoint Health offers coordinated care between the doctor’s office, hospital, and home. They also share information about lack of sleep and its effects on health in their infographic, CDC Reports Lack of Sleep is a Health Epidemic. As the infographic points out, sleep deprivation can cause several serious health problems.

Three key facts from CDC Reports Lack of Sleep is a Health Epidemic:

  • Sticking to a sleep scheudle, which includes going to bed and waking at the same time every day, can improve your overall health
  • Repay sleep debt with a nap in the afternnon for 10-30 minutes; if you sleep longer, you will have difficulty sleeping at night
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine that may disrupt sleep and negatively impact your health

Cost: FREE

13. Here’s a Horrifying Picture of What Sleep Loss Will Do To You
@HuffingtonPost

Here's a Horrifying Picture of What Sleep Loss Will Do To You

 

Arianna Huffington has long been a proponent of sleep and took her call for a sleep revolution to Huffington Post and publishers with her book, The Sleep Revolution: Transforming Your Life, One Night at a Time. HuffPost continues to inform readers about the power of sleep and the negative effects of sleep deprivation in articles and infographics like Here’s a Horrifying Picture of What Sleep Loss Will Do To You. In fact, one week of sleeping fewer than six hours a night alters more than 700 genes.

Three key facts from Here’s a Horrifying Picture of What Sleep Loss Will Do To You:

  • Studies have linked lack of sleep to colorectal and aggressive breast cancers
  • One night of sleep deprivation makes you hungrier and more likely to overeat
  • Chronic lack of sleep increases heart disease risk, diabetes risk, death risk, and stroke risk

Cost: FREE

14. The Dangers of Sleep Deprivation
@healthcentral

The Dangers of Sleep Deprivation

 

HealthCentral empowers people to improve and take control of their health and wellbeing. Their infographic, The Dangers of Sleep Deprivation, makes clear all of the ways in which lack of sleep poses health hazards.

Three key facts from:

  • Insufficient sleep alters gene activity, which impacts the body’s response to stress, immunity, inflammation, and overall health
  • Lack of sleep increases exposure to light at night and reduces melatonin production, which disrupts estrogen production; too much estrogen promotes the growth of breast cancer
  • Sleeping ony 5-6 hours a night increases risk of higher blood pressure

Cost: FREE

15. 7 Serious Sleep Deprivation Effects & Tips to Sleep Better
@HealthnbodyHNBT

7 Serious Sleep Deprivation Effects & Tips to Sleep Better

 

HealthnBodyTips.com provides health and beauty tips along with remedies for skin, hair, and body along with tips for fitness, diseases, disorders, and illness. Their infographic explores the effects of sleep deprivation on health and offers tips for getting a good night’s rest in order to maintain health and wellness.

Three key facts from 7 Serious Sleep Deprivation Effects & Tips to Sleep Better:

  • Sleep deprivation leads to memory loss, weight fluctuation, heart disease, a weak immune system, and high blood pressure
  • Avoid eating before sleep because heart rate increases working to metabolize food and increases the chances of waking in the middle of the night
  • Avoid caffeine before sleep so you are able to get a more restful sleep

Cost: FREE

16. Building Up Immunity: Sleep Strengthens Long Term Immunological Memories
@NeuroscienceNew

Building Up Immunity: Sleep Strengthens Long Term Immunological Memories

 

Neuroscience News is dedicated to neuroscience research news and is an independent science news site that focuses mainly on neuroscience and other cognitive sciences. Their infographic showcases memory formation in the central nervous system and the immune system. When we lack sleep, our immune system struggles to recall previously encountered pathogens.

Three key facts from Building Up Immunity: Sleep Strengthens Long Term Immunological Memories:

  • Long-term increases in memory T-cells are assocated with deep slow-wave sleep
  • Sleep deprivation puts your body at risk of developing infection
  • Hormones released during sleep benefit cells that recognize invaders; lack of sleep may result in the immune system focusing on the wrong parts of pathogens

Cost: FREE

17. Infographic of the Day: So What If You Don’t Sleep Enough?
@FastCoDesign
@ffunction

Infographic of the Day: So What If You Don't Sleep Enough?

 

From Fast Company, Co.Design is at the intersection of business and design. They share an infographic designed by FFunction that depicts the health hazards of failing to get adequate amounts of sleep. With only 7% of people getting the recommended eight hours of sleep per night, nearly all of us are at risk for the health problems detailed by the infographic.

Three key facts from Infographic of the Day: So What If You Don’t Sleep Enough?:

  • Losing sleep doubles the risk of breast cancer
  • Getting fewer than seven hours of sleep per night increases your chance of heart attack by 100%
  • People who are sleep deprived are 20% more likely to be dead in 20 years

Cost: FREE

18. Infographic: The Power of Sleep
@MWildcraft

Infographic: The Power of Sleep

From The [Grow] Network, The Power of Sleep infographic visualizes research that shows why people need to get 7-9 hours of sleep per night. Getting the proper amount of sleep helps keep us healthy and minimizes risk of health problems. Our immune systems rely on sleep to function properly and protect us from germs, viruses, infections, and other bugs.

Three key facts from Infographic: The Power of Sleep:

  • Lack of sleep results in a decrease in T-cells, which weakens our immune systems
  • Inflammation increases when we are sleep deprived, which increases risk of heart disease and other inflammation-related illnesses
  • Sleep deprivation increases our vulnerability to viruses and bacteria, as it results in an acute increase in the risk of getting sick

Cost: FREE

Scholarly Papers and Research

19. Sleep and Immune Function
@NCBI

Sleep and Immune Function

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) advances science and health by providing access to biological information. They also share Sleep and Immune Function, a scholarly paper by Luciana Besedovsky, Tanja Lange, and Jan Born. The paper provides an analysis of the relationship between lack of sleep and a weakened immune system.

Three key facts from Sleep and Immune Function:

  • Sleep is critical to immune function because it helps T-cells and other components of the immune system remain regulated
  • Adequate sleep gives the immune system time to recover and to activate and generate cells that protect against invaders
  • Restful sleep regulates clock genes that that govern immune function

Cost: FREE

20. Poor Sleep Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke
@ScienceDaily

Poor Sleep Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke

ScienceDaily shares breaking news about the latest discoveries in science, health, the environment, and technology, including this research study about the relationship between poor sleep and an increased likelihood of heart attack and stroke. The European Society of Cardiology places lack of sleep on the same level as smoking, lack of exercise, and poor diet when it comes to risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Three key facts from Poor Sleep Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke:

  • Sleep disorders are very closely related to the instance of cardiovascular diseases
  • 63% of people who had a heart attack also had a sleeping disorder
  • Poor sleep is associated with double the risk of heart attack and up to four times the risk of stroke

Cost: FREE

21. Sleep and Immune Function by Freda DeKeyser Ganz
@AACNme

Sleep and Immune Function by Freda DeKeyser Ganz

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) offers Critical Care Nurse, a journal for high acuity, progressive, and critical care nursing. In her scholarly paper, Freda DeKeyser Ganz, RN, PhD, examines why sleep is associated with disease, infection, and increased mortality.

Three key facts from Sleep and Immune Function by Freda DeKeyser Ganz:

  • Sleep is associated with immune function because of the physiological basis of sleep, sleep architecture, the sleep-wake cycle, cytokines, and the hypothalamic-pituitary axis
  • Night shift workers have a disruption to their biological rhythm which changes their melatonin levels; melatonin levels are associated with an increased risk for cancer
  • The sleep-wake cycle negatively impacts products of the immune system such as cytokines

Cost: FREE

22. Behaviorally Assessed Sleep and Susceptibility to the Common Cold
@ResearchSleep

Behaviorally Assessed Sleep and Susceptibility to the Common Cold

SLEEP, a publication of the Sleep Research Society, featured a research study done by Aric A. Prather, Denise Janicki-Deverts, Martica H. Hall, and Sheldon Cohen. Their work demonstrates that people with a shorter sleep duration are much more susceptible to the common cold.

Three key facts from Behaviorally Assessed Sleep and Susceptibility to the Common Cold:

  • Poor-quality sleep and lack of sleep are associated with a number of chronic illnesses, acute infectious illnesses, and premature death
  • The immune system’s resistance to infection and illness weakens with lack of sleep
  • Sleep deprivation makes people more susceptible to colds than any other factor

Cost: FREE

23. Sleep, Immunity and Inflammation in Gastrointestinal Disorders
@NCBI

Sleep, Immunity and Inflammation in Gastrointestinal Disorders

In this scholarly article made available by NCBI, Tauseef Ali, James Choe, Ahmed Awab, Theodore L. Wagener, and William C. Orr examine the effects of sleep on health and wellness. Specifically, this paper shares the findings of research done to determine the link between sleep and gastrointestinal disorders.

Three key facts from Sleep, Immunity and Inflammation in Gastrointestinal Disorders:

  • Abnormal sleep brought on by gastrointestinal disorders contributes to the severity of the same GI diseases
  • People who suffer from sleep abnormalities are at a greater risk for all-cause mortality and serious health issues
  • There is an interdependent relationship between sleep and overall immune function, especially in relation to inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, gastro-esophageal reflux, and colorectal cancer

Cost: FREE

24. Sleep Deprivation Effect on the Immune System Mirrors Physical Stress
@ScienceDaily

Sleep Deprivation Effect on the Immune System Mirrors Physical Stress

Science Daily shares a research study from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, which details the ways in which severe sleep loss has adverse effects on the immune system. In fact, sleep deprivation affects immunity just as stress does.

Three key facts from Sleep Deprivation Effect on the Immune System Mirrors Physical Stress:

  • Chronic sleep loss is a factor in immune system impairment because of a loss of day-night rhymicity in white blood cells called granulocytes
  • The body’s circadian clocks are based on regular sleep and regulate immune function; lack of sleep limits the clocks’ function and impairs immunity
  • Researchers have long known that stress adversely affects immunity, and lack of sleep mirrors those adverse effects

Cost: FREE

Articles

25. Lack of Sleep Puts You at Higher Risk for Colds, First Experimental Study Finds
@NewsfromScience

Lack of Sleep Puts You at Higher Risk for Colds, First Experimental Study Finds

Science magazine is a leading outlet for cutting-edge research in all areas of science. Writer Hanae Armitage’s Science article reports on the ways in which sleep deprivation leads to a higher risk for colds. As Armitage points out, the link between lack of sleep and a weakened immune system has been subjectively reported but a recent study shows that sleep-deprived individuals are more than four times likely to catch a common cold than their well-rested peers.

Three key facts from Lack of Sleep Puts You at Higher Risk for Colds, First Experimental Study Finds:

  • Sleep is an important regulator for specific antiviral immune responses
  • People who sleep fewer than five hours a night are nearly five times as likely to get sick than those who sleep seven hours or more
  • People who sleep 6-7 hours per night or more are at no greater risk of catching a cold than those who sleep for 7 hours or more, so there is a sleep threshold for strong immune defense

Cost: FREE

26. Lack of Sleep Makes You More Prone to Colds By Weakening Your Immune System
@Newsweek

Lack of Sleep Makes You More Prone to Colds By Weakening Your Immune System

Newsweek delivers news and analysis on politics, science, technology, and culture. Jessica Firger’s Newsweek tech and science article, Lack of Sleep Makes You More Prone to Colds By Weakening Your Immune System, reports on a study that found people who do not get enough sleep or who don’t sleep well are at a higher risk for developing colds.

Three key facts from Lack of Sleep Makes You More Prone to Colds By Weakening Your Immune System:

  • Poor sleep weakens the immune system and raises risk for chronic health conditions such as diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and stroke
  • Seven hours of sleep may be sufficient for people who do not have preexisting immune system concerns
  • Sleep is a better predictor of susceptibility to colds than age, stress levels, race, education, income, and smoking

Cost: FREE

27. How Much Sleep Do We Really Need?
@sleepfoundation

How Much Sleep Do We Really Need?

The Sleep Foundation strives to help America sleep better by sharing information about the importance and benefits of sleep. In this article, they share the latest recommendations for hours of sleep needed by age and list benefits of sleep as well as tips for getting your recommended hours of restful sleep.

Three key facts from How Much Sleep Do We Really Need?:

  • School age children (ages 6-13) should get 9-11 hours of sleep per night, teenagers (ages 14-17) should get 8-10 hours of sleep per night, younger adults and adults (ages 18-64) should get 7-9 hours of sleep per night, and older adults (age 65+) should get 7-8 hours of sleep per night
  • Make sleep a priority by sticking to a sleep schedule, practicing a relaxing bedtime ritual, exercising daily, evaluating your bedroom for ideal temperature, sound, and light, sleep on a comfortable mattress and pillows, and avoid alcohol, caffeine, and electronics before bed
  • Do not go beyond the minimum or maximum ranges of sleep per night to ensure optimal health

Cost: FREE

28. How Sleep Deprivation Fries Your Hormones, Your Immune System, and Your Brain
@BreakingMuscle

How Sleep Deprivation Fries Your Hormones, Your Immune System, and Your Brain

Vanessa Bennington is family nurse practitioner who understands the value of sleep in terms of health and wellness. In her article for Breaking Muscle, Bennington points to sleep deprivation as being responsible for illness, depression, obesity, and early aging. She also focuses on the negative impact of lack of sleep on hormones.

Three key facts from How Sleep Deprivation Fries Your Hormones, Your Immune System, and Your Brain:

  • One week of sleep deprivation significantly affects several hormones and metabolic processes that lead to diabetes and cardiovascular disease
  • People who sleep fewer than 5-6 hours per night are twice as likely to develop diabetes
  • Chronic sleep deprivation results in elevated cortisol levels that decrease more slowly and increase the likelihood of developing diabetes and obesity

Cost: FREE

29. Your Lack Of Sleep Is Probably Making You Sick
@HuffingtonPost
@lindsaygholmes

Your Lack Of Sleep Is Probably Making You Sick

Deputy Healthy Living Editor for the Huffington Post, Lindsay Holmes explains the effect of lack of sleep on health in this HuffPo article. Simply put: “a lack of sleep can significantly increase your chances of getting sick.” Holmes points to a recent study that found people who sleep fewer than six hours a night are four times more likely to become ill after being exposed to a cold virus.

Three key facts from Your Lack of Sleep Is Probablby Making You Sick:

  • Lack of sleep is a significant predictor of whether or not a person catches a common cold
  • Shorter amounts of sleep alter the body’s inflammation response, which is a critical body function that helps fight off viruses
  • Your immune health improves when you get at least 7-9 hours of sleep each night

Cost: FREE

30. Lack of Sleep Dramatically Raises Your Risk for Getting Sick
@TIME
@mandyoaklander

Lack of Sleep Dramatically Raises Your Risk for Getting Sick

TIME shares breaking news and current events from around the world. TIME health editor and writer Mandy Oaklander reports on the importance of sleep for boosting immunity and warding off the common cold in her article, Lack of Sleep Dramatically Raises Your Risk for Getting Sick.

Three key facts from Lack of Sleep Dramatically Raises Your Risk for Getting Sick:

  • One more hour of sleep can help maintain health, especially if it is the difference between getting six hours of sleep or seven hours of sleep
  • The number of hours a person sleeps is one of the top predictors of whether or not he gets sick
  • Lack of sleep affects the internal environment and makes it more difficult for the immune system to defend against a virus

Cost: FREE

31. 11 Signs You’re Sleep Deprived
@goodhealth

11 Signs You're Sleep Deprived

Health wants to help you live your best life now by sharing the latest in fitness, food, beauty, and more. In her Health article, Rachel Swalin points out 11 of the most common signs of sleep deprivation. While some estimates show that one in three adults don’t get enough sleep, many people think that they are used to getting less sleep than they should and don’t need the extra hours because they are too busy to sleep. Swalin’s article reminds us that there are many adverse effects of sleep deprivation, including getting sick frequently.

Three key facts from 11 Signs You’re Sleep Deprived:

  • Lack of sleep impairs your immune response and makes it nearly impossible for your body to fight off infections
  • People who get fewer than seven hours of sleep a night are nearly three times as likely to develop a cold as those who get eight hours of sleep per night
  • The immune system produces cytokines, or proteins that help protect against infection and inflammation, while we sleep; too little sleep results in less protection against viruses

Cost: FREE

32. Why Lack of Sleep is Bad for Your Health
@NHSChoices

Why Lack of Sleep is Bad for Your Health

The English National Health Service (NHS) provides health and lifestyle advice in addition to information about services and health news. Their article, Why Lack of Sleep is Bad for Your Health, explores the ways in which sleep deprivation impacts people, from being in a bad mood and having difficulty focusing, to gaining weight, being diagnosed with heart disease, and acquiring diabetes.

Three key facts from Why Lack of Sleep is Bad for Your Health:

  • Getting adequate sleep boosts your immune response so you are more capable of defending against diseases, viruses, and infections
  • Sleep deprivation is associated with increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and increased levels of inflammation, all of which may lead to heart disease
  • Sleeping fewer than five hours per night increases your risk of developing diabetes; failing to get restful sleep may lead to type 2 diabetes because lack of sleep changes the way the body processes glucose

Cost: FREE

33. 25 Horrible Things That Happen If You Don’t Get Enough Sleep
@businessinsider
@fedira

25 Horrible Things That Happen If You Don't Get Enough Sleep

Business Insider shares what you need to know about virtually everything in sports, politics, life, and science. Senior science editor Lauren F. Friedman explains what happens to the nearly 40% of Americans who get fewer than seven hours of sleep per night and suffer the health implications because of their lack of sleep.

Three key facts from 25 Horrible Things That Happen If You Don’t Get Enough Sleep:

  • Failing to get eight hours of sleep per night results in elevated heart rate and a greater risk of heart disease
  • Sleep deprivation, whether prolonged or just for one night, limits your immune system’s ability to defend against viruses, infections, and other microorganisms
  • Vaccines are less effective when people don’t get adequate sleep

Cost: FREE

34. 5 Experts Answer: Is Lack of Sleep Bad for Health?
@LiveScience

5 Experts Answer: Is Lack of Sleep Bad for Health?

Live Science covers top stories in health, environment, animals, technology, and space. They asked internal medicine physicians and sleep experts to answer whether sleep deprivation harms people’s health. All five experts agree that lack of sleep is hazardous to physical and mental health.

Three key facts from 5 Experts Answer: Is Lack of Sleep Bad for Health?:

  • Lack of sleep results in long-term consequences to our health, including an impaired immune system
  • People who get fewer than six hours of sleep per night are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death versus people who get adequate sleep
  • Getting fewer than six hours of sleep a night could cause dangerous fat deposition around vital organs

Cost: FREE

35. Sleep or Die
@MensFitness

Sleep or Die

Men’s Fitness is a source for exercise, health, and nutrition advice. Shelley Drozd’s article, Sleep or Die, highlights the dangers of getting six or fewer hours of sleep per night. As Drozd points out, sleep deprivation negatively impacts people’s mental and physical health.

Three key facts from Sleep or Die:

  • Averaging fewer than five hours of sleep a night nearly doubles your chances of suffering a heart attack
  • People who live the longest and are healthiest sleep between seven and eight hours per night
  • Make your sleep as restful as possible because sleep-deprived people are more likely to have weakened immune systems

Cost: FREE

36. 10 Dangerous Side Effects of Lack of Sleep

10 Dangerous Side Effects of Lack of Sleep

MDhealth.com offers better health information from doctors. This MDhealth.com article highlights 10 of the most dangerous hazards caused by sleep deprivation and emphasizes the fact that lack of sleep has more serious side effects than being in a bad mood and having difficulty focusing.

Three key facts from 10 Dangerous Side Effects of Lack of Sleep:

  • People who have irregular sleep patterns or who do not get restful sleep have a higher mortality rate than those who get adequate sleep, especially because their risk of cardiovascular disease increases
  • The risk of developing chronic diseases increases when people get less sleep
  • Sleep deprivation leads to an increased risk of diabetes, stroke, heart attack, heart disease, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, and high blood pressure

Cost: FREE

37. Can Lack of Sleep Make You Sick?

Can Lack of Sleep Make You Sick?

Sleep Tight Applicances helps treat and provide treatment tools for people who suffer from sleep apnea. Their article, Can Lack of Sleep Make You Sick?, provides an overview of the correlation between sleep and good health and features the knowledge of Dr. Stephen Burds.

Three key facts from Can Lack of Sleep Make You Sick?:

  • Sleep is essential to helping your body renew itself and fight illness and disease
  • If you do not get adequate sleep, your immune system does not have the opportunity to produce protective proteins called cytokines
  • Proper sleep lowers risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease

Cost: FREE

38. Sleep and the Immune System
@Sleepdex

Sleep and the Immune System

Sleepdex is dedicated to raising awareness of sleep issues and encouraging people to take them seriously. In Sleep and the Immune System, Sleepdex details how a lack of sleep increases people’s vulnerability to disease.

Three key facts from Sleep and the Immune System:

  • Sleep and the immune response are linked by circadian rhythm; when sleep is disrupted or limited, immune response becomes disrupted and limited
  • Chronic inflammation makes people tired for longer periods of time, which contributes to symptoms of fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue disorder
  • Lack of sleep serves as a predictor for bacterial and viral infection

Cost: FREE

39. Lack of Sleep Can Lead to the Common Cold
@CNN

Lack of Sleep Can Lead to the Common Cold

CNN’s Nadia Kounang reports that lack of sleep increases the risk of catching the common cold, as evidenced by a study that found 18% of people who slept six hours or more got a cold, while 39% of those who slept less than six hours did. The immune system is impacted in a variety of ways by lack of sleep including altered cell behavior and inflamed pathways.

Three key facts from Lack of Sleep Can Lead to the Common Cold:

  • Adequate sleep enables the body to deliver a better immune response
  • People need to view sleep as a tool for a healthy life
  • Work toward getting better sleep by setting an alarm reminding you to go to bed, keeping your bedroom as dark as possible, and getting sunlight as soon as possible after waking up

Cost: FREE

40. Why a Lack of Sleep Makes You Feel So Awful
@Health24com

Why a Lack of Sleep Makes You Feel So Awful

Health24.com is South Africa’s premier health and wellness site, providing world-class information and interactive tools for a healthy lifestyle. Their article touts the importance of sleep and explains how a lack of sleep affects daily life and impacts mental and physical health.

Three key facts from Why a Lack of Sleep Makes You Feel So Awful:

  • Your body fails to function properly when you have a lack of sleep because it is during restful periods that the body actively restores fundamental chemical balance and keeps electrical currents flowing
  • The day after inadequate sleep, people experience heart palpitations, nausea, dizziness, and light-headedness
  • Sleep improves your blood flow and gives cells time to restore themselves

Cost: FREE

41. The 10 Scary Things That Happen When You Don’t Get Enough Sleep
@POPSUGARFitness

The 10 Scary Things That Happen When You Don't Get Enough Sleep

POPSUGAR Fitness shares trustworthy weight-loss tips, approachable workouts, healthy recipes, and the latest in health and celebrity trends. In this article about sleep deprivation and its effects on the body, POPSUGAR Fitness editor Leta Shy shares 10 effects of lack of sleep, some of which may surprise you.

Three key facts from The 10 Scary Things That Happen When You Don’t Get Enough Sleep:

  • Women who sleep fewer than five hours per night are less likely to lives as long as those who got more sleep
  • Chronic insomniacs have smaller, less-dense brains that affect their neurological systems such as decision making
  • Adults who miss one hour of sleep have an increased risk for hypertension by almost 40%

Cost: FREE

42. Lack Of Sleep Could Make You Sick (And Overweight, Sluggish, Dumb, Stressed)
@Care2
@judymolland

Lack Of Sleep Could Make You Sick (And Overweight, Sluggish, Dumb, Stressed)

Care2.com is the largest social network of activists creating petitions to make a difference and increase healthy living. In her Care2 article, Judy Molland explores the serious consequences that occur as a result of chronic sleep depression. In fact, one study found taht people who sleep for fewer than six hours per night for a week demonstrate substantial changes in genes that control metabolism, response to stress, and immune function.

Three key facts from Lack of Sleep Could Make You Sick (And Overweight, Sluggish, Dumb, Stressed):

  • If you don’t get adequate sleep, you are at risk for a range of ailments, including heart disease and diabetes
  • The optimal amount of sleep for most adults is 7-8 hours each night
  • Lack of sleep is a main contributor to ceasing exercise, which also leads to obesity, heart problems, and more

Cost: FREE

43. Sleeping Less Than Six Hours a Night Skews Activity of Hundreds of Genes
@GuardianUS
@iansample

Sleeping Less Than Six Hours a Night Skews Activity of Hundreds of Genes

The Guardian covers American and international news for an online global audience. In Sleeping Less Than Six Hours a Night Skews Activity of Hundreds of Genes, The Guardian science editor Ian Sample details how sleep deprivation affects genes that govern the immune system, metabolism, and responses to stress.

Three key facts from Sleeping Less Than Six Hours a Night Skews Activity of Hundreds of Genes:

  • Too little sleep for several nights in a row disrupts hundreds of genes essential to good health, such as associated with stress and fighting disease
  • Poor sleep has a broad impact on long-term wellbeing
  • Quality of sleep also is important to maintaining good health and immune response

Cost: FREE

44. 15 Hair-Raising Consequences of Sleep Deprivation
@lifehackorg

15 Hair-Raising Consequences of Sleep Deprivation

Lifehack.org is a source for tips on improving nearly any aspect of your life. Bartosz Czekala’s Lifehack article explores the ways in which sleep deprivation impacts people’s wellbeing.

Three key facts from 15 Hair-Raising Consequences of Sleep Deprivation:

  • Sleep aids the immune system in producing cytokines that combat various viruses
  • Sleep deprivation makes people more susceptible to disease and virus attacks
  • Lack of sleep slows your metabolism and lowers body temperature to make you feel cold

Cost: FREE

45. New Research Confirms Lack of Sleep Connected to Getting Sick
@CarnegieMellon

New Research Confirms Lack of Sleep Connected to Getting Sick

Carnegie Mellon celebrates the hard work of its alumni, students, and researchers. One such celebration comes by way of New Research Confirms Lack of Sleep Connected to Getting Sick, an article by Shilo Rea that trumpets the work of Sheldon Cohen. In 2009, Cohen found that insufficient sleep is associated with an increased risk of catching a cold, and he recently confirmed the theory with researchers from UC San Francisco and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Three key facts from New Research Confirms Lack of Sleep Connected to Getting Sick:

  • Insufficient sleep increases the risk of getting sick
  • Sleep is just as important to health as diet and exercise
  • The evidence is growing that sleep is important for good health

Cost: FREE

46. What Happens to Your Body When You Don’t Get Enough Sleep
@ClevelandClinic

What Happens to Your Body When You Don't Get Enough Sleep

The Cleveland Clinic shares the latest consumer health news and tips to help you stay healthy. One of their articles that aims to do just that, What Happens to Your Body When You Don’t Get Enough Sleep reports the findings of a recent study that details sleep needs by age group to help ensure good health as a result of adequate sleep.

Three key facts from What Happens to Your Body When You Don’t Get Enough Sleep:

  • Lack of sleep may undermine your efforts of eating well and exercising regularly for good health
  • Genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors contribute to determining the amount of sleep individuals need for health and daily performance
  • Adequate sleep makes a substantial difference to health and wellbeing

Cost: FREE

47. People Who Don’t Get Enough Sleep are More Likely to Get Sick
@techinsider

People Who Don't Get Enough Sleep are More Likely to Get Sick

Tech Insider features the latest news on tech, science, innovation, and culture. Guia Marie Del Prado highlights the risks of not getting enough sleep, such as increasing the likelihood of catching the common cold, in her Tech Insider article.

Three key facts from People Who Don’t Get Enough Sleep are More Likely to Get Sick:

  • If you don’t get enough sleep, you are failing to boost your immune system
  • People who don’t get enough sleep have higher levels of inflammation, which could be a sign of an immune system that is struggling to defend against pathogens and infections
  • Chronic sleep deprivation is linked to chronic heart disease, diabetes, and cognitive decline

Cost: FREE

48. Lack of Sleep Quadruples Chances of Getting Sick
@UPI

Lack of Sleep Quadruples Chances of Getting Sick

United Press International (UPI) delivers breaking and other news from around the world. In his UPI article on the link between sleep and illness, Stephen Feller explores a study that found sleep is as critical to good health as exercise and diet.

Three key facts from Lack of Sleep Quadruples Chances of Getting Sick:

  • People need to consider sleep as a necessary component of health and wellbeing
  • Poor sleep patterns make people more susceptible to disease and chronic illness
  • Inadequate sleep increases people’s risk of catching a cold

Cost: FREE

49. The Affect of Sleep on the Immune System
@ValleySleepCtr

The Affect of Sleep on the Immune System

Valley Sleep Center has the distinction of being a Phoenix Chamber of Commerce Business of the Year. In The Affect of Sleep on the Immune System, Valley Sleep Center explores the ways in which lack of sleep adversely affects health.

Three key facts from:

  • Sleep deprivation weakens the immune system and makes its defenses less able to fend off infections and diseases
  • There is a complex relationship between sleep-wake cycles and the immune system
  • Even short-term sleep loss significantly impairs immune response

Cost: FREE

50. Think Sleep Deprivation Won’t Affect Your Immune System? Think Again
@EverydayHealth

Think Sleep Deprivation Won't Affect Your Immune System? Think Again

Everyday Health strives to help you take better care of yourself and your family via weight-loss tools, expert advice, and health news and information. Their article, Think Sleep Deprivation Won’t Affect Your Immune System? Think Again, is written by Dr. Eric Cohen. Dr. Cohen takes an in-depth look at the ways in which a lack of sleep affects the immune system.

Three key facts from Think Sleep Deprivation Won’t Affect Your Immune System? Think Again:

  • A person who fails to get enough sleep suffers inflammation that can lead to issues such as heart disease when the sleep deprivation, and therefore the inflammation, becomes chronic
  • There is an increase in immune activity among people who suffer from a lack of sleep, which triggers allergies and asthma
  • Prolonged lack of sleep affects metabolism and the immune system increases risk of chronic diseases

Cost: FREE

 

How to Treat Dysbiosis (Gut Dysbiosis)

A Definition of Gut Dysbiosis

So what is dysbiosis anyway? Your gut, or gastrointestinal tract, contains nearly four pounds of bacteria. When these bacteria work together well, people’s digestion and overall health are better. But, when there is a disruption in the balance of beneficial and harmful bacteria in the gut, people experience dysbiosis. This microbiota how to treat gut dysbiosisimbalance typically occurs when people take antibiotics or experience stress or eat an unhealthy diet that reduces the number of beneficial bacteria and enables the harmful bacteria to flourish.

When people have a prolonged imbalance, diseases and health issues such as autoimmune disease, bloating, chronic fatigue syndrome, food allergies, irritable bowel syndrome, skin conditions, yeast infections, weight gain, and depression, among others, can occur. Symptoms such as bloating, diarrhea, headaches, abdominal pain, mental fog, constipation, acne, indigestion, and acid reflux are some of the tell-tale signs of gut dysbiosis.

Gut Dysbiosis Treatments

If you have dysbiosis, you should begin treatment right away to feel better and improve your overall health. We share four steps for treating dysbiosis today to help you start feeling more like yourself again:

  1. Take probiotics every day, especially if you are on antibiotic therapy.
  2. Take prebiotics to stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria and probiotics.
  3. Look into herbal therapy or essential oils to treat dysbiosis
  4. Change your diet to support healthy bacteria in the gut

If you’re not sure which probiotics, prebiotics, or herbs, essential oils, and diet changes can treat dysbiosis, continue reading for more details and tips for balancing your microbiota.

Step 1: Take probiotics every day, especially if you are on antibiotic therapy.

Probiotics effectively treat dysbiosis because they introduce more beneficial bacteria to the microbiota. For some people with gut dysbiosis, probiotics completely restore the microbiota, and for others it improves the microbiota. There are some strains of probiotics that more effectively treat dysbiosis than others: when choosing probiotics, is important to choose those that include L. acidophilus, B. bifidum, B. animalis, B. longum, Clost. butyricum, L. paracasei, B. lactis, S. boulardii, and L. rhamnosus or a combination of a few of these strains of bacteria. Studies show that the mix of L. acidophilus with B. bifidum and B. animalis was the most effective in treating dysbiosis.

It is a good idea to take probiotics every day to support immune and digestive health, but it is essential to take them daily when you undergo antibiotic therapy because of the negative impact the medication has on your microbiota. If you are unsure of the dosage of probiotics best to treat your dysbiosis, consult a physician or nutrition to guide you.

Step 2: Take prebiotics to stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria and probiotics.

Prebiotics act as food for probiotics; they stimulate activity and growth of probiotics in the gut. Supplements containing fructooligosaccharides (FOS), inulin, larch arabinogalactins, modified citrus pectin, and high-soluble fiber such as psyllium husk are recommended for people who have dysbiosis. People also get prebiotics into their diet by eating bananas, onions, garlic, leeks, asparagus, artichokes, soybeans, and whole-wheat foods. It is important to eat these foods in their whole, natural state and avoid processed foods when treating dysbiosis.

Step 3: Look into herbal therapy or essential oils to treat dysbiosis.

Treating gut dysbiosis with herbs and essential oils also is a smart way to balance your srqpixmicrobiota. Medical herbalist Richard Whelan suggests using garlic and wormwood to treat dysbiosis. One of the easiest ways to use garlic is to peel three to six medium-sized garlic cloves, chop them into small bits, and swallow them like small pills with a glass of water. If you use wormwood, be sure to get the highest quality possible.

Essential oils also can help heal a damaged gut and repair dysbiosis. Studies show that three essential oils especially are helpful in combatting harmful gut bacteria and while being gentle on the body and beneficial strains of bacteria. To treat dysbiosis, you should use caraway, lavender, and bitter orange.

 Step 4: Change your diet to support healthy bacteria in the gut.

Of course, probiotics, prebiotics, herbs, and essential oils will not effectively treat gut dysbiosis if you continue to eat an unhealthy, unbalanced diet. You should immediately stop eating processed and fast foods and strive to eat whole foods with particular attention to those that contain probiotics and prebiotics. In addition to the foods listed above that contain prebiotics, you should incorporate fresh meats, fresh fish and shellfish, green vegetables, root vegetables, and fruits that people commonly mistake for vegetables such as peppers, tomatoes, and cucumbers. You should avoid sugar, fruit juice, starchy foods, and foods containing yeast and mold.

Images via Flickr by AJC1 and srqpix

What is Dysbiosis?

A Definition of Dysbiosis (Gut Dysbiosis)

Dysbiosis, or gut dysbiosis, is an imbalance of the bacteria in your gut that occurs for a variety of reasons, such as antibiotic therapy, illness, or eating a diet high in sugar. Your microbiota, or gut flora, weighs approximately four pounds and contains an estimated 400-1,000 different species of bacteria.

what is dysbiosisSome of those bacteria are friendly and play a key role in digestion and overall gastrointestinal health. But, bacteria that is not beneficial, such as yeasts, fungi, parasites, and other microorganisms, also are a part of the microbiota. People who have a healthy microbiota balance have a majority of beneficial bacteria; on the other hand, people who suffer from dysbiosis have a reduced number of friendly bacteria, and the harmful bacteria become the majority.

Symptoms of Gut Dysbiosis

There are some health issues that commonly arise in people who suffer from dysbiosis. Dr. Elizabeth Lipski, author, integrative and holistic nutrition educator, and clinician, cites several serious health concerns that dysbiosis leads to, including arthritis, autoimmune illness, food allergies and sensitivities, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and more.

While the symptoms of gut dysbiosis vary from individual to individual, there are some common symptoms that occur in individuals whose microbiota is out of balance:

  • IBS-type digestive issues such as bloating, belching, abdominal pain, indigestion, constipation, heartburn, and diarrhea
  • Mucus in the stool
  • Frequent colds, flu, or sinus infections
  • Skin problems such as acne, eczema, or rosacea
  • Fatigue or chronic fatigue
  • Depression or anxietygut dysbiosis: what is it, what are symptoms?
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Allergies or food allergies and food sensitivities
  • Mental fog or forgetfulness
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Bad breath and gum disease
  • Chronic yeast problems or Candida overgrowth
  • Behavioral or learning disorders or hyperactivity
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Acid reflux
  • Lowered libido
  • Burning in the mouth
  • Anal itching
  • Joint pain
  • Nail fungi
  • Cravings for sugar or alcohol
  • Stomach bugs or food poisoning episodes

Causes of Dysbiosis

Gut dysbiosis may be caused by a number of things, as the microbiota balance is delicate. Women who use birth control pills and people who use other types of hormones or immunosuppressants such as steroids are at an increased risk of developing dysbiosis. People who do not eat a healthy, balanced diet, especially those who consume too much sugar, are also at risk of having an imbalanced microbiota. Other causes of dysbiosis include drinking alcohol, experiencing psychological and physical stress, undergoing chemotherapy, frequently eating processed foods containing sulfates or sulfites, consuming artificial sweetener, and following the Standard American diet that is low in fiber and high in fat.

Antibiotic therapy is the most common cause of gut dysbiosis. Anytime that we take an antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection, the antibiotic impacts the microbiota. While the impact of the antibiotic on the microbiota varies by dosage, length of administration, and its spectrum of activity, antibiotics are a significant cause of the alterations made to the microbiota. As a general rule, the longer you take an antibiotic, and the higher the dosage, the greater the impact on your intestinal flora.

Treatment of Dysbiosis

One of the best ways to treat gut dysbiosis is to take probiotic supplments daily, especially if you are prescribed antibiotic therapy. Probiotics deposit beneficial bacteria back into the microbiota, helping to reestablish balance. Probiotics also help to keep the immune system healthy because they support the bacteria  that are so important to strong immune responses.

Putting beneficial bacteria back in the gut is just as important as feeding it with foods that support their existence, so people with dysbiosis also benefit by taking prebiotics and eating fermented foods. There are several foods that benefit people with dysbiosis, including raw sauerkraut, kimchi, kefir, vinegar, specific yogurts, onions, garlic, leeks, bananas, asparagus, oat bran, green tea, carrots, brown rice, and almonds.

But, taking probiotics and eating foods containing prebiotics is not going to help people who have dysbiosis if they do not change their overall diet. Eliminating sugary, starchy foods, processed foods, and cheeses and milk that are difficult to digest is one step that nutritionists and doctors recommend for people who are diagnosed with dysbiosis.

If you have digestive issues that you cannot explain or any of the other symptoms listed here and have not been feeling like yourself, especially during or after antibiotic therapy, you should consult with a physician and begin making changes to your diet and taking probiotics to start on the path toward a balanced microbiota.

Images via Flickr by kaibara87 and Pixabay by MabelAmber

Top Resources on Dysbiosis: 50 Useful Resources on Gut Dysbiosis Symptoms, Treatments, and More

Dysbiosis, which also may be referred to as dysbacteriosis or gut dysbiosis, is a condition that occurs when the normal balance of bacterial flow, or microbiota, is disrupted in the body. Gut dysbiosis most often occurs following a course of antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics treat infections by combatting bacteria in the body. However, our guts house healthy bacteria that is essential for maintaining the proper balance of microflora for digestive health and immune system response. Unfortunately, antibiotics also attack the good bacteria that we need to stay healthy. It is the resulting imbalance of the gut flora that results from having too few beneficial bacteria and an overgrowth of bad bacteria, yeast, and parasites that is dysbiosis.

Dysbiosis is becoming more common as doctors over-prescribe antibiotics or prescribe them for viruses that cannot be cured with antibiotics. To help prevent gut dysbiosis, some doctors recommend patients take probiotics with antibiotic therapy. To help you understand the symptoms of dysbiosis and determine whether you have it and what you can do about it, we have gathered together 50 of the top online resources on dysbiosis symptoms, how to treat dysbiosis, cures, test options, and more. The following articles, guides and how-tos, infographics, scholarly papers, and videos will give you the information on gut dysbiosis so that you can protect your microbiota and get the balance you need to ensure a strong immune system and overall health.

Please note that while we have listed our top 50 dysbiosis resources here in no particular order, we have included a Table of Contents so that you can jump to the information that is of most use to you.

Jump to:

Articles

1. Digestion and Dysbiosis
@WomentoWomen

digestion-and-dysbiosis

Women to Women offers information that empowers women to make healthy decisions. In this article, Marcelle Pick, OB-GYN, NP, explains how the digestive system becomes disrupted when gut dysbiosis occurs. Pick also highlights the fact that the body cannot absorb nutrients as well as it should when we suffer from gastrointestinal problems and dysbiosis. It is important for people to realize that the intestinal tract plays a key role in nutrient absorption, so any intestinal problems can affect the function of the body and overall health.

Three key facts from Digestion and Dysbiosis:

  • Dysbiosis may result from a lack of good bacteria in the intestines or an overgrowth of harmful organisms
  • Organisms not typically predominant in the intestines drive disease by changing the body’s nutrition patterns
  • Signs and symptoms of dysbiosis include bloating, burping, burning, and excessive gas after meals; nausea or diarrhea after taking supplements; chronic intestinal infections, parasites, yeast, and bad bacteria; and undigested food in the stool

2. The Root of Health – Dysbiosis

the-root-of-health-dysbiosis

Nutritionist Megan Morris seeks to help readers “get to the root of chronic health problems” by sharing nutrition information relating to good health, the gut, and digestive issues. She considers how diet and lifestyle affect our health, and she presents a comprehensive overview of dysbiosis in this article, which includes facts, symptoms, causes, testing, healing, and more.

Three key facts from The Root of Health – Dysbiosis:

  • In a disturbed digestive system, a bacteria strain becomes less effective at remaining in balance; as a result, one colony can become dominant and one becomes weaker, causing a chronic imbalance that harms good bacteria and compromises the digestive system
  • Good bacteria in the gut is imperative to digestion, nutrient absorption, vitamin production, harmful microorganism growth control, and short chain fatty acid creation that feeds intestinal cells
  • Dysbiosis can cause arthritis, autoimmune illness, vitamin B deficiency, chronic fatigue syndrome, cystic acne, eczema, food allergies, food sensitivities, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), psoriasis, and more

3. Digestion & Gut Dysbiosis Therapy
@NaturalMedJup

digestion-and-gut-dysbiosis-therapy

Dr. Dooley and his team help people achieve better health through progressive medical solutions. One of their services is digestion and gut symbiosis therapy, as it is believed that more than 30 million Americans, especially women, suffer the effects of imbalanced gastrointestinal systems. As Dr. Dooley’s article points out, digestive health is important for all of the other body systems, and dysbiosis may result in toxic bacteria infesting the intestinal tract.

Three key facts from Digestion & Gut Dysbiosis Therapy:

  • A number of factors can disrupt the balance of organisms in the intestines and lead to an overgrowth of less desirable bacteria and organisms, including antibiotic use, birth control pill use, hormone use, immunosuppressant use, steroid use, diets high in sugar, alcohol, and stress
  • Dysbosis can cause several conditions including acne, depression, and food allergies
  • It is possible to repopulate the good bacteria by eating foods like yogurt and acidophilus milk that contain healthy bacteria; you can also take an acidophilus supplement or Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) that increase the number of good bacteria in your system

4. Dysbiosis: Microbial Imbalance Inside the Body
@DrHealthPress

dysbiosis-microbial-imbalance-inside-the-body

Doctors Health Press is a health news and advice site that is on a mission to provide readers with the best alternative and natural health updates. Their dysbiosis article provides an overview of the condition and offers an explanation, connections between symbiosis and the digestive system, causes, signs and symptoms, and much more.

Three key facts from Dysbiosis: Microbial Imbalance Inside the Body:

  • Natural remedies and treatments for symbiosis include probiotics, probiotics, herbal therapy, essential oils, and homeopathic remedies
  • Improving the diet should be one of the first steps in treating symbiosis; it is common for people with dysbiosis to be lacking the B-complex vitamins, essential fatty acids, magnesium, calcium, vitamins C and E, zinc, beta-carotene, selenium, coenzyme Q10, and the sulfur amino acids
  • Foods safe for those with symbiosis include organic, grass-fed meats, wild fish, leafy green vegetables, and other vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, or cucumbers

5. Gut Dysbiosis
@EpidemicAnswers

gut-dysbiosis

Epidemic Answers is a non-profit that offers information to parents about autism, ADHD, allergies, asthma, and more. In Gut Dysbiosis, the Epidemic Answers team explores how the imbalance of microorganisms in the body can lead to immune system issues, nutrient deficiency, and cellular toxicities.

Three key facts from Gut Dysbiosis:

  • When the gut is dysbiotic (out of balance), disease-causing bacteria na mother germs take over helpful bacteria and cause digestion and other basic biological functions to break down and allow symptoms such as diarrhea or constipation to occur
  • Dysbiosis is responsible for a vast number of physiological issues throughout the body, causing symptoms from depression to asthmatic wheezing
  • Dysbisos and weakened immune response commonly occur simultaneously, and each condition may cause the other

6. Testing for Dysbiosis
@MaryAnnCopson

testing-for-dysbiosis

MaryAnn Copson is an herbalist, nutritionist, health/wellness/life coach, educator, and author who shares information about testing for dysbiosis in this article. Copson also offers testing options directly from her site in addition to her services in interpreting test results and improving symptoms with nutritional and lifestyle treatment programs.

Three key facts from Testing for Dysbiosis:

  • The major causes of symbiosis include dietary disturbances due to high protein or high sugar, lack of digestive enzymes, poor nutritional status, stress, intestinal infection, and antibiotic therapy
  • Dysbiosis can cause diarrhea, burning, bloating, cramps, and constipation in addition to effects on tissues such as the brain, joints, and muscles
  • The most effective treatments for gut dysbiosis include dietary changes and food supplements that replace beneficial bacteria and restore digestive function

7. Getting to the Root of the Problem – Dysbiosis

getting-to-the-root-of-the-problem-dysbiosis

Nicolette Dumke has a B.S. in microbiology and medical technology and is the author of several books on food allergies and special diets. She offers information to help readers learn how to handle their food allergies and other health issues relating to diet, such as gut dysbiosis. In Getting to the Root of the Problem – Dysbiosis, Dumke examines how dysbiosis can lead to the development of food allergies

Three key facts from Getting to the Root of the Problem – Dysbiosis:

  • Eating plenty of fiber helps promote the growth of beneficial bacteria such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium
  • Diets high in sugar, dairy, and starches are difficult to digest and absorb and lead to dysbiosis
  • Avoid iron supplements, fructooligosaccharides, and probiotics while undergoing treatment for dysbiosis; after treatment ends, begin taking probiotics to grow healthy bacteria in your system

8. Symptoms, Treatment and Diet for Dysbiosis
@HrfyRemedies

symptoms-treatment-and-diet-for-dysbiosis

HomeRedmediesForYou.com centers on home remedies and natural cures for common illnesses. As their article on dysbiosis points out, the best way to treat the condition is by increasing the healthy bacteria in your body with dietary changes that include eating certain foods and and taking certain supplements and avoiding other foods.

Three key facts from Symptoms, Treatment and Diet for Dysbiosis:

  • Include almonds, apples, berries, cottage cheese, peaches, ricotta, cheese, and raw vegetables in your diet to increase your levels of healthy bacteria
  • Avoid artificial sweeteners, tropical fruits, white grains, pickles, vinegar, and hydrogenated oil because they increase the growth of harmful bacteria
  • A weakened immune system, inappropriate use or repetitive use of antibiotics or steroids, and radiation are among the most common causes of dysbiosis

9. Imbalances of the Gut Flora in the GI Tract… or Dysbiosis
@FernLifeCenter

imbalances-of-the-gut-flora-in-the-gi-tract-or-dysbiosis

The Fern Life Center is an integrated medical clinic that is committed to individual’s health and wellbeing. This Fern Life Center article is extremely informative and includes examines types and symptoms of gut dysbiosis in addition to treatment options for it.

Three key facts from Imbalances of the Gut Flora in the GI Tract… or Dysbiosis:

  • Unfortunately, dysbiosis can result from any alteration of the gut flora, including that caused by the use of antibiotics or acid-suppressing medications, GI infections, GI surgery, chronic maldigestion, chronic constipation, chronic mental or emotional stress, food allergies, or the standard American diet
  • Two types of dysbiosis may occur: bacterial dysbiosis, which results when two few beneficial organisms are present or when too many pathogens are present, and small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBOO), which results when bacteria normally found in the large intestine travel up to the small intestine, overgrow there, and add to the small number of bacteria already present there
  • A typical approach to treating dysbiosis follows the 4 Rs: remove, replace, re-inoculate, and repair

10. Intestinal Dysbiosis Treatment

intestinal-dysbiosis-treatment

Dr. Michael Elice operates a comprehensive medical facility dedicated to people with autism and allergy, immune, and metabolic (AIM) problems. He and his staff focus on treating functional medical problems and the core imbalances that are at the root of various conditions including immune dysfunction, inflammation, hormonal imbalances, toxicity, and digestive, absorptive, and microbial imbalances such as dysbiosis. The AIM Integrative Medicine article, Intestinal Dysbiosis Treatment, explores the link between autism and GI symptoms and gut problems.

Three key facts from Intestinal Dysbiosis Treatment:

  • More than 80% of children on the autism spectrum have GI symptoms, food allergies, and maldigestion or malabsorption problems
  • Anti-yeast diets and natural remedies do not seem to completely solve the microbial issues kids with ASD have
  • Organic diets, including those that are not genetically modified or engineered, help to treat gut issues like dysbiosis

11. Fermentation Dysbiosis: What Is It and Why Does It Occur?

fermentation-dysbiosis-what-is-it-and-why-does-it-occur

Blogger Lisa struggled with her own digestive health for years and started on a journey toward healing with diet changes, education, and natural, holistic practices. She shares her progress and knowledge via The Healing Project. Her dysbiosis article explores the history of the condition and the ways which the bacterial imbalance in the gut negatively impacts the body. Lisa specifically considers fermentation dysbiosis and its symptoms, causes, and treatments.

Three key facts from Fermentation Dysbiosis: What Is It and Why Does It Occur?:

  • Fermentation dysbiosis presents itself when there is an overgrowth of bad bacteria in the gut because of a diet too rich in carbohydrates and sugar
  • Antibiotics, stress, antacids, and medications such as NSAIDs and oral contraceptives contribute to the bacterial imbalance and a weakened immune system
  • It is possible to treat fermentation dysbiosis by removing refined foods, alcohol, dairy, sugar, and grains from the diet and increasing intake of whole foods and probiotic-rich foods such as kimchi and sauerkraut in addition to taking a daily probiotic supplement

12. Carbohydrate Malabsorption, Gut Flora, and Leaky Gut

carbohydrate-malabsorption-gut-flora-and-leaky-gut

CFNaturalHealth.com is a site dedicated to highlighting the most recent research and integrative health care information related to cystic fibrosis (CF) and other chronic diseases. Their dysbiosis article explains that the collection of microorganisms in the GI tract is our microbiota and that people’s unhealthy diets and lifestyles have led to unhealthy gut microbiomes. Individuals with CF especially need to be aware of their micribiomes and eat a healthy diet because their antibiotic therapies lead to malabsorption issues and dysbiosis.

Three key facts from Carbohydrate Malabsorption, Gut Flora, and Leaky Gut:

  • Taking high quality probiotics, eating fermented foods, and eating foods high in prebiotic fibers is a good way to stave off dysbiosis
  • Eating refined carbohydrates and not enough fiber feeds bad bacteria and starves beneficial bacteria
  • Beneficial bacteria require more time to populate than pathogenic flora do after antibiotic therapy

13. A Natural Treatment for Intestinal Dysbiosis

a-natural-treatment-for-intestinal-dysbiosis

Natural-Help offers colonic hydrotherapy treatments within the Cure By Nature clinic in London, England. In this gut dysbiosis article, they explain the options for natural treatment of the condition and explore its signs and symptoms and possible causes.

Three key facts from A Natural Treatment for Intestinal Dysbiosis:

  • General treatment strategies for dysbiosis should be tailored to meet the needs of individual patients
  • Restore intestinal balance with probiotic supplements after identifying and removing the underlying cause such as antibiotic therapy, poor diet, stress, or weakened immune system
  • It is important to establish a long-term plan to maintain healthy digestion

14. Is Gut Dysbiosis Involved in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
@GMFHx
@andreuprados

is-gut-dysbiosis-invovlved-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitischronic-fatigue-syndrome

Gut Microbiota for Health is a public information service from the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility. They share research and practice methods by experts, for experts  from both medical and scientific communities. Science writer Andreu Prados specializes in gut micribiota and probiotics, and his Gut Microbiota for Health article explores the role of gut microbiota in myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) patients.

Three key facts from Is Gut Dysbiosis Invovlved in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?:

  • ME/CFS patients have an imbalance of gut microbiota that may contribute to increased microbial translocation and inflammatory symptoms
  • It may be beneficial to change diets of ME/CFS patients to include prebiotics or probiotics to help treat the disease
  • Further research is needed to determine whether gut dysbiosis is a cause or consequence of ME/CFS

15. ‘Dysbiosis,’ Gut Microflora, Probiotics and Their Relevance in Histamine Intolerance
@foodsmatter

dysbiosis-gut-microflora-probiotics-and-their-relevance-in-histamine-intolerance

Foods Matter is a resource for allergy, intolerance, coeliac, and food sensitivity. In this Foods Matter article, Dr. Janice Joneja explores how we can influence gut bacteria especially as it relates to histamine overload and intolerance.

Three key facts from ‘Dysbiosis,’ Gut Microflora, Probiotics and Their Relevance in Histamine Intolerance:

  • The microbial flora of people in the same home, eating the same diet can be vastly different; the microbiome of each person depends on the environment, diet, and unique immunology and physiology of each person
  • Signs of a disturbed digestive tract microflora include pain, excessive gas, bloating, diarrhea, or constipation
  • “Cataclysmic events” like taking oral antibiotics change the composition of the microflora; in most cases, the original types and numbers of the microbial population becomes reestablished over time

16. Gut Imbalance: The Modern Plague and Hidden Epidemic
@HuffingtonPost
@DrMullin

gut-imbalance-the-modern-plague-and-hidden-epidemic

In his Huffington Post article, “The Food MD” and author of The Gut Balance Revolution Dr. Gerry Mullin explains the vital role a balanced gut plays in wellness and staving off illness. In fact, doctors and scientists are still working to learn more about the gut-body system axes such as the gut-brain, gut-immune, gut-liver, and gut-kidney axes because an imbalanced gut has dire consequences on them.

Three key facts from Gut Imbalance: The Modern Plague and Hidden Epidemic:

  • A variety of disorders have been linked to gut dysbiosis: autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, migraines, arthritis, cancer, asthma, allergies, and more
  • Gut microbial imbalances have been linked to nearly all chronic diseases
  • Balancing the gut with probiotics and foods containing live cultured or prebiotic foods improves outcomes

17. Bacteria Imbalance: A Common Problem
@NewsmaxHealth

bacteria-imbalance-a-common-problem

Newsmax Health offers news for total wellness for a better life. Board-certified family physician and a leading practitioner of holistic medicine, Dr. David Brownstein penned an article for Newsmax Health detailing the problems associated with dysbiosis. As Dr. Brownstein explains, there are a few things people can do to treat gut dysbiosis and relieve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Three key facts from Bacteria Imbalance: A Common Problem:

  • An important first step in treating dysbiosis is identifying the root of the problem
  • Taking probiotics along with antibiotic therapy helps patients enhance their flora
  • It is also important to change your diet and eat fewer refined foods full of sugar, salt, flour, and oil in addition to taking probiotics

18. Treatment of Dysbiosis

treatment-of-dysbiosis

Ahealth Group shares a comprehensive gastro directory covering GI tract disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, gallstone disease, pancreatitis, and dysbiosis. Their Treatment of Dysbiosis article explores the various treatments that should be used to treat different types of dysbiosis.

Three key facts from Treatment of Dysbiosis:

  • Putrefaction dysbiosis is best treated with a diet high in soluble and insoluble fiber and low in animal protein and fat
  • Fermentation dysbiosis responds best to a diet that excludes sugars and cereal grains and high in oligosaccharides and especially carrots
  • Antimicrobial therapy with herbal antibiotics is useful in treating some cases of dysbiosis

19. Candida and Dysbiosis

candida-and-dysbiosis

YourHealth is among the leaders of integrative medicine and provides an “optimal blend of natural medicine and traditional general practice” across Australia. In Candida and Dysbiosis, the YourHealth team shares information about these two health conditions that can arise from antibiotic therapy.

Three key facts from Candida and Dysbiosis:

  • A deficiency in normal intestinal flora is common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and food intolerance, and probiotics and fructooligosaccharides are helpful in reestablishing levels of beneficial bacteria in teh gut
  • Chronic inflammatory immune responses are common in people who have an imbalance of gut bacteria or who have hypersensitivity to it
  • Antibiotic and corticosteroids, pregnancy and high estrogen levels, obesity, and diets high in sugar, meat, and fat can cause, trigger, or exacerbate dysbiosis

20. New Obesity Facts Point to Thyroid and Dysbiosis
@nourishingplot

new-obesity-facts-point-to-thyroid-and-dysbiosis

Becky Plotner is a wife, mother, teacher, and author who blogs about the effects of processed food and an unhealthy diet on all aspects of health. In this article, Plotner shares the work of Dr. Alan Christianson in studying obesity as it relates to the thyroid and microbiota. Dr. Christianson is a physician who focuses on natural endocrinology.

Three key facts from New Obesity Facts Point to Thyroid and Dysbiosis:

  • Controlling sugar levels is key to balancing the microbiota
  • Increase levels of protein and fiber in the diet, but keep in mind that your system only digests fiber when you have a healthy microbiome
  • Detoxing and eating frequently to avoid blood sugar swings help in resetting gut bacteria

21. Healing the Intestines: Returning to the Use of Traditional Food as Medicine
@MetabolicHeal

healing-the-intestines-returning-to-the-use-of-traditional-food-as-medicine

Michael McEvoy is a functional diagnostic nutritionist, nutritional consultant, and metabolic typing advisor. He partners with Julie Sands Donaldson to present MetabolicHealing, a site where they share knowledge about health and nutrition for readers and support people with their health and wellness needs. In this dysbiosis article, McEvoy examines the important of intestinal health and the detrimental effects damaged gut flora has on the body.

Three key facts from Healing the Intestines: Returning to the Use of Traditional Food as Medicine:

  • To heal the gut and intestinal mucosal barrier function, people must normalize the intestinal flora; a healthy immune system depends on it
  • Probiotic supplementation is beneficial for people with compromised gut function, autoimmune conditions, and pathogenic infections
  • It also is important to consume high-quality foods that are “in harmoney with one’s type of metabolism” and eliminate foods that harm instead of help

Guides and How-Tos

22. Diagnosis of Dysbiosis

diagnosis-of-dysbiosis

Ahealth Group offers this guide to diagnosing dysbiosis for health professionals, which also may be used as a reference source for medical students and patients who want to understand dysbiosis testing options and results. As the guide points out, the most useful test for diagnosing the condition is a comprehensive digestive stool analysis, or CDSA.

Three key tips from Diagnosis of Dysbiosis:

  • It is wise to test for dysbiosis if patients have inflammatory, gastrointestinal, or autoimmune disorders, food intolerance and allergy, colon or breast cancer, unexplained fatigue, neuropsychiatric symptoms, or malnutrition
  • The Gut Dysbiosis Score makes CDSA more useful; a score of 7 or more strongly indicates clinical dysbiosis
  • Severe cases of dysbiosis may result in abnormal blood tests showing low levels of circulating B12, hypoalbuminemia, and erythrocyte macrocytosis

23. How to Test for Dysbiosis
@holisticare

how-to-test-for-dysbiosis

Holistic Primary Care is an authority on natural medicine and holistic health care. Contributing writer Dr. Madiha Saeed’s Holistic Primary Care dysbiosis how-to offers a comprehensive look at testing options and reminds readers to watch for low levels of B vitamins and zinc in test results.

Three key tips from How to Test for Dysbiosis:

  •  DsStart with testing the B vitamins; if they are low, the microbiome is unhealthy
  • Food sensitivity tests, genetic tests, toxin load assessments, pulse tests, and antigen tests for H. pylori, C. difficile, and other bacteria are helpful in evaluating gut health
  • Chronic stress, age, environmental toxins, food sensitivities, genetics, malnutrition, obesity, smoking, antibiotics, and diet negatively impact microbiome composition

24. Dysbiosis Diet Foods to Avoid
@LIVESTRONG_COM

dysbiosis-diet-foods-to-avoid

LIVESTRONG.com is passionate about healthy eating and exercise, and they share a wealth of nutrition and exercise information to help readers be as healthy as possible. Shelley Moore’s LIVESTRONG guide to dysbiosis highlights food people should avoid in order to balance the bacteria in the digestive tract.

Three key tips from Dysbiosis Diet Foods to Avoid:

  • Decrease sugar consumption including cane sugar, honey, maple syrup, molasses, corn syrup, dextrose, fructose, glucose, sucrose, and artificial sweeteners
  • Avoid milk, milk substitutes, cheese containing lactose, cheese spreads, commercial yogurt, whey, butter, sour cream, and ice cream
  • Avoid bananas, citrus fruits, grapes, apples, cherries, pears, plums, and strawberries

25. Paleo Foods to Heal a Leaky Gut
@ThePaleoDiet

paleo-foods-to-heal-a-leaky-gut

The Paleo Diet is a life-long plan for optimizing health and wellbeing from Dr. Loren Cordain, founder of the Paleo movement. The Paleo Diet Team shares foods for healing a leaky gut in this guide to dysbiosis and recommends steering clear of the standard American diet (SAD) that consists of grains, dairy, simple carbohydrates, sugars, and unhealthy oils.

Three key tips from Paleo Foods to Heal a Leaky Gut:

  • Combining the standard American diet with antibiotics and prescription drugs is a hazardous combination for the bacteria balance in the digestive tract; adopting a Paleo diet is one step toward improving gut function
  • When on a gut-healing protocol, avoid grains, legumes, dairy, sugars, unhealthy oils, alcohol, caffeine, and excessive carbohydrate consumption
  • Gut-healing foods include probiotic-rich foods such as fermented vegetables and kombucha; multi-species, dairy-free probiotic supplements, bone broth; sweet potatoes; avocado; coconut oil; pure olive oil; and omega-3 rich foods such as seafood and salmon

26. A Beginner’s Guide to Gut Bugs & Dysbiosis
@hbdnutrition

a-beginners-guide-to-gut-bugs-and-dysbiosis

Healthy By Design, owned and operated by registered dietitian Beth Danowsky, features nutrition and health tips to help readers on their journey to wellbeing. Beth’s guide to bacteria and dysbiosis provides an overview of the microbe and the effects of unbalanced microflora in addition to causes and symptoms of dysbiosis. A Beginner’s Guide to Gut Bugs & Dysbiosis is a terrific resource for anyone wanting to learn and understand more about the condition.

Three key tips from A Beginner’s Guide to Gut Bugs & Dysbiosis:

  • Think of probiotics as the seed of a healthy digestive tract; they prime the immune system and help the beneficial bacteria in your system work efficiently
  • Work with a doctor or nutritionist who can identify the strain of probiotic you need to fit your particular dysbiosis issues
  • Probiotics such as fructooligosaccharides, galactooligosaccharides, and lactulose feed the beneficial bacteria in your gut and are found in onions, garlic, barley, asparagus, banana, and wheat

27. Dysbiosis (aka Parasites, Candida, Bacterial Overgrowth, Etc.)

dysbiosis-aka-parasites-candida-bactreial-overgrowth-etc

Richard Whelan is a medical herbalist out of New Zealand who has been in full-time practice since 1989. He shares the history, science, and practical use of herbs along with his experience in treating patients with a variety of health conditions on his website. Dysbiosis (aka Parasites, Candida, Bacterial Overgrowth, Etc.) is Whelan’s comprehensive guide to the condition and includes symptoms and diagnosis, antimicrobials treatments, repopulation methods, and much more.

Three key facts from Dysbiosis (aka Parasites, Candida, Bacterial Overgrowth, Etc.):

  • Dysbiosis is harmful to the body because it saps the body’s energy and nutrients, causes toxicity through substances leaking into the body from the bowel, and disrupts immune health
  • People with chronic dysbiosis feel fatigued and out of sorts
  • Raw garlic and wormwood are two of the best substances to treat especially tough cases of dysbiosi

28. Dysbiosis Diet: For Control of Candida, Bacteria, Viruses & Parasites
@drdicken

dysbiosis-diet-for-control-of-candida-bacteria-viruses-and-parasites

Dr. Dicken Weatherby, president of Weatherby & Associates, LLC, created the Functional Blood Chemistry Analysis Software program. This program helps health care practitioners grow their practices with specialized techniques in diagnosis. He also helps patients understand how to live healthier by sharing this guide to eating for people with gut dysbiosis.

Three key tips from Dysbiosis Diet: For Control of Candida, Bacteria, Viruses & Parasites:

  • Eat two large chopped salads each day because beneficial bacteria thrive on vegetable fiber
  • Chew your food thoroughly to improve digestion, break down food particles, and treat dysbiosis
  • Identify and eliminate allergens to help the immune system function properly and help restore gut bacteria balance

29. A Practical Clinical Guide to Understanding Dysbiosis and Irritable Bowel Syndrome

a-practical-guide-to-understanding-dysbiosis-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome

Health Medicine Center focuses on integrative health and wellbeing by merging the technology of modern medicine with the wisdom of ancient healing systems. Health Medicine Center medical director Dr. Len Saputo, who specializes in internal medicine, orthomolecular medicine, and pain management with infrared light, shares this guide to dysbiosis and IBS, which covers nine pathways to the condition, including dietary, inflammation, maldigestion, stress, immune dysfunction, and more.

Three key facts from A Practical Guide to Understanding Dysbiosis and Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

  • The use and abuse of antibiotic therapy may be the most frequent cause of significant dysbiosis today
  • Every time antibiotics are used, there are significant changes in the microflora in the GI tract and other locations of the body
  • A state of severe and sustained dysbiosis, caused by prolonged antibiotic treatment, can result in clinical disease

30. How to Heal Your Gut After Antibiotics
@PrimalDocs

how-to-heal-your-gut-after-antibiotics

Primal Docs are physicians and healthcare practitioners who take an evolutionary approach to health and nutrition. In How to Heal Your Gut After Antibiotics, the Primal Docs remind us that it is important to take probiotics while you are undergoing antibiotic therapy. They also remind us to continue taking supplements after the therapy and include probiotic-rich foods in the diet for the long term.

Three key tips from How to Heal Your Gut After Antibiotics:

  • Drink fermented water with juices or fruit included or dairy that contains kefir grains
  • Eat fermented cabbage such as kimchi or sauerkraut
  • Include prebiotics in the diet with foods such as onions, bananas, honey, garlic, and leeks

31. Understanding How Gut Dysbiosis Contributes to Disease
@healthcentral

understanding-how-gut-dysbiosis-contributes-to-disease

HealthCentral empowers people to improve and take control of their health and wellbeing. Their guide to dysbiosis walks readers through the condition including a definition of it, the ways in which it occurs, and how it relates to disease.

Three key facts from Understanding How Gut Dysbiosis Contributes to Disease:

  • The imbalance of gut bacteria that occurs when people have dysbiosis leads to negative health effects and promotes disease
  • Dysbiosis is believed to contribute to diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • There still is a great deal to learn about dysbiosis, but doctors and scientists are determining that imbalanced gut bacteria play a role in diseases such as multiple sclerosis and obesity

Infographics

32. When You can’t Trust Your Gut Feeling
@HealthPerch

when-you-cant-trust-your-gut-feeling

Health Perch, a digital health magazine, shares the latest health, beauty, nutrition, and fitness news and tips. Their dysbiosis infographic shares eight simple strategies for improving gut health. As we have embraced antibacterial soap, hand sanitizer, antibiotics, and other products that fight bacteria, we inadvertently have reduced the number of healthy bacteria that we need to balance the bad bacteria in our bodies.

Three key facts from When You Can’t Trust YOur Gut Feeling:

  • A stressed gut has an increased level of inflammatory cells that are detrimental to overall health
  • Eating a variety of fruits and vegetables increases our intake of soluble and insoluble fiber, which contribute to intestinal health
  • Physical activity such as exercise improves the diversity of gut bacteria and impedes dysbiosis

33. Why Your Gut Flora Matterws and How to Keep it Healthy
@anspan

why-your-gut-flora-matterws-and-how-to-keep-it-healthy

Annie Cannon, naturopathic doctor, shares natural health tips and advice for simpler living at the Healthy Minimalist. Her article on gut flora includes an infographic detailing the ways in which your lifestyle affects your gut.

Three key facts from Why Your Gut Flora Matterws and How to Keep it Healthy:

  • Long-term use of antacids leads to low stomach acid and intestinal dysbiosis
  • Dysbiosis leads to toxin production that may result in leaky gut, poor immunity, migraines, moo swings, brain fog, bloating, gas, asthma, rashes, depression, diarrhea, and more
  • Antibiotic use contributes to dysbiosis and leads to an inability to absorb protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals

Scholarly Papers

34. Dysbiosis of the Gut Microbiota in Disease
@NCBI

dysbiosis-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-disease

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) advances science and health by providing access to biological information. They share this dysbiosis paper by Simon Carding, Kristin Verbeke, Daniel T. Vipond, Bernard M. Corfe, and Lauren J. Owen, which was published in the Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease journal. The paper examines the evidence showing how gut microbiota contributes to disease development.

Three key facts from Dysbiosis of the Gut Microbiota in Disease:

  • Bacterial intervention may improve disease activity
  • Significant potential exists for manipulating the microbiota to sustain, improve, or restore it in at-risk or diseased people
  • Imbalanced gut bacteria may drive immune-inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative stress pathways in depression

35. Diet-Induced Dysbiosis of the Intestinal Microbiota and the Effects on Immunity and Disease
@NCBI

dietinduced-dysbiosis-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-and-the-effects-on-immunity-and-disease

NCBI also shares this scholarly paper on dysbiosis, which was originally published in Nutrients, by Kristy Brown, Daniella DeCoffe, Erin Molcan, and Deanna L. Gibson. The paper details the consequences of a disrupted GI microbiota and discusses the role of the microbiota and the likelihood that diet-induced dysbiosis plays a role in GI tract inflammatory conditions and systemic diseases.

Three key facts from Diet-Induced Dysbiosis of the Intestinal Microbiota and the Effects on Immunity and Disease:

  • The microbiota of the GI tract is key to determining a person’s susceptibility to GI infections
  • It is critical for the microbiota to function normally to maintain balanced immunity; dysbiosis alters immune function and increases the risk of disease
  • Diet alters disease susceptibility by changing the microbiota

36. Clinical Consequences of Diet-Induced Dysbiosis
@NNInstitute

clinical-consequences-of-dietinduced-dysbiosis

The Nestlé Nutrition Institute advances “science for better nutrition” to enhance the quality of people’s lives. They share a paper about diet-induced dysbiosis by Yee Kwan Chan, Mehrbod Estaki, and Deanna L. Gibson from the University of British Columbia’s Department of Biology. One of the findings outlined in the paper is that dietary patters affect the microbiota balance, which results in physiological consequences.

Three key facts from Clinical Consequences of Diet-Induced Dysbiosis:

  • Dysbiosis is at the root of many diseases, including local gastrointestinal and systemic diseases
  • Restoring and maintaining a healthy gut microbiota is an effective way to resolve diseases associated with dysbiosis
  • Various dietary factors and gut bacteria may lead to dysbiosis that alters immune responses and makes people more vulnerable to certain diseases

37. Part 2: Treatments for Chronic Gastrointestinal Disease and Gut Dysbiosis
@NCBI

part-2-treatments-for-chronic-gastrointestinal-disease-and-gut-dysbiosis

NCBI shares this scholarly paper on treatments for dysbiosis and chronic GI disease from Integrative Medicine: A Clinician’s Journal. Written by Dr. Matthew J. Bull and Dr. Nigel T. Plummer, Part 2: Treatments for Chronic Gastrointestinal Disease and Gut Dysbiosis continues a review of the connection between gut microbiota and health. As the authors point out, research supports using probiotic bacteria such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genera to treat dysbiosis using microbes.

Three key facts from Part 2: Treatments for Chronic Gastrointestinal Disease and Gut Dysbiosis:

  • Gut microbiota has a key role in health and GI diseases and has further effects on diseases outside of the gut
  • Maintaining a healthy gut microbiota may be an important component of managing causes and symptoms of chronic and acute diseases
  • Probiotics and prebiotics are an alternative to steroids, immunosuppressants, and surgical interventions for modulating and stabilizing gut microbiota and restoring it to healthy levels

38. Bacteriome and Micobiome Interactions Underscore Microbial Dysbiosis in Familial Crohn’s Disease
@ASMicrobiology

bacteriome-and-mycobiome-interactions-underscore-microbial-dysbiosis-in-familial-crohns-disease

In this paper on dysbiosis and Crohn’s Disease, published by the American Society for Microbiology’s mBio, authors G. Hoarau, P. K. Mukherjee, C. Gower-Rousseau, C. Hager, J. Chandra, M. A. Retuerto, C. Neut, S. Vermeire, J. Clemente, J. F. Colombel, H. Fujioka, D. Poulain, B. Sendid, and M. A. Ghannoum explain how they used Ion Torrent sequencing to characterize the gut bacterial microbiota and fungal community in people with CD and their non-diseased first-degree relatives. The authors defined the microbial interactions that lead to dysbiosis in Crohn’s Disease and identified fungal and bacterial species associated with CD dysbiosis.

Three key facts from Bacteriome and Mycobiome Interactions Underscore Microbial Dysbiosis in Familial Crohn’s Disease:

  • The composition of intestinal microbiota is influenced by the genetic background of the person, dietary habits, and the environment
  • First-degree relatives of individuals with Crohn’s Disease are at a much higher risk of developing CD than the general population
  • Fungal species interact with bacterial pathogens, which may play an important role in Crohn’s Disease

39. Use of Probiotics to Correct Dysbiosis of Normal Microbiota Following Disease or Disruptive Events: A Systematic Review
@NCBI

use-of-probiotics-to-correct-dysbiosis-of-normal-microbiota-following-disease-or-disruptive-events-a-systematic-review

NCBI has made Lynne V. MacFarland’s paper, originally published in BMJ Open, available to readers wanting to know more about how probiotics correct dysbiosis after a disease or other disruptive event. MacFarland has determined that improvement of dysbiosis varies by individual and the timing of microbiological assays and calls for further research to determine which probiotic strains are best for correcting the condition.

Three key facts from Use of Probiotics to Correct Dysbiosis of Normal Microbiota Following Disease or Disruptive Events: A Systematic Review:

  • Clinical evidence supports efficacy of some probiotic strains
  • The loss of beneficial bacteria from antibiotic therapy inhibits the microbiota’s ability to resist infection by pathogenic organisms, which triggers diarrhea and higher rates of infections in other body systems
  • One challenge of establishing probiotics’ effectiveness in improving dysbiosis is a lack of a standard definition of normal microbiota, as there is substantial variation of species of microbes present in individuals

Videos

40. 18 Ways Gut Dysbiosis (Bad Bacteria) Ruins Health
@DrBryanWalsh

18-ways-gut-dysbiosis-bad-bacteria-ruins-health

Dr. Bryan Walsh of FatIsNotYourFault.com helps people lose weight when diet and exercise don’t work. He explains 18 ways that gut bacteria produce toxins that negatively impact our physiology in this dysbiosis video, available on YouTube.

Three key facts from 18 Ways Gut Dysbiosis (Bad Bacteria) Ruins Health:

  • Having a healthy gastrointestinal system is important to having an overall healthy life
  • Dysbiosis can lead to depression, lower levels of motivation, and short-term memory issues
  • Dysbiosis may lead to malnutrition if the body is unable to absorb nutrients from food due to leaky gut

41. Gut Dysbiosis: Starving Our Microbial Self
@nutrition_facts

gut-dysbiosis-starving-our-microbial-self

Dr. Michael Greger presents NutritionFacts.org, a noncommercial, science-based source for the latest nutrition and health information. He shares hundreds of short, engaging videos, such as Gut Dysbiosis: Starving Our Microbial Self, to help viewers achieve a better state of wellbeing. As this video points out, when we do not consume enough probiotics, dysbiosis results.

Three key facts from Gut Dysbiosis: Starving Our Microbial Self:

  • Consuming three daily servings of legumes, such as beans, split pea, chickpeas, and lentils can improve our gut health
  • Dietary fiber is important for microbiota health because it is what beneficial bacteria thrive on
  • Eating too many processed foods causes dysbiosis because we starve the beneficial bacteria in the large intestines

42. Health Matters: The Dangers of Dysbiosis
@GregNewsOnTweet

health-matters-the-dangers-of-dysbiosis

Greg Newson is a naturopath, nutritionist, medical herbalist, and health enthusiast with more than 15 years of clinical experience. He is dedicated to educating people about good health and the role nature medicine plays in treating health conditions. In this dysbiosis video, Newson explains the condition and the ways in which it affects our overall health.

Three key facts from Health Matters: The Dangers of Dysbiosis:

  • The GI tract is home to 70% of our immune system, so if there is an overabundance of bad bacteria due to dysbiosis, immune response is weakened
  • The weakened immune system can make people more susceptible to viruses, colds, infections, and cancers
  • Colitis, diarrhea, and liver damage are just a few of the possible conditions that can arise from dysbiosis

43. Modern Diets, Dysbiosis and Inflammatory Disease: Personalised Nutritional Microbiota Restoration
@BANTonline
@timeforwellness

modern-diets-dysbiosis-and-inflammatory-disease-personalised-nutritional-microbiota-restoration

The British Association for Applied Nutrition & Nutritional Therapy, BANT, is a not-for-profit, volunteer-run organization representing UK-registered nutritional therapy professionals. In collaboration with CAM Conferences, BANT presents Modern Diets, Dysbiosis and Inflammatory Disease: Personalised Nutritional Microbiota Restoration, a recording of Benjamin Brown’s presentation on dysbiosis from CAM Conferences 2016. Brown is a naturopath, nutritionist, science writer, and speaker who connects people with evidence-based health information focusing on natural and lifestyle medicine for chronic disease prevention and optimal health at timeforwellness.org.

Three key facts from Modern Diets, Dysbiosis and Inflammatory Disease: Personalised Nutritional Microbiota Restoration:

  •  Even healthy individuals have dysbiosis, due to ecosystem destruction and loss of biodiversity in the western gut
  • Dysbiosis-driven immune interactions are linked to illnesses that range from gastroenterological disease to mental illness
  • Individualized nutritional interventions are one of the most successful ways to improve the composition, diversity, and metabolic functions of the microbiome

44. Dysbiosis
@drklimenko

dysbiosis

Dr. Elena Klimenko is an integrative medicine practitioner who is on a mission to promote optimal health with a blend of conventional medicine and alternative tratments. In her dysbiosis video, Dr. Klimenko offers an overview of dysbiosis and the ways in which it impacts overall health.

Three key facts from Dysbiosis:

  • Dysbiosis may occur due to repeated intestinal infections, repeated use of antibiotics, chronic physical and psychological stress, and unhealthy dietary habits
  • Fermented foods promote growth of healthy gut bacteria, and we can consume probiotics to increase the population of the beneficial gut bacteria
  • Dysbiosis is a root cause of GI conditions, chronic skin conditions, autoimmune disorders, obesity, diabetes, and more

45. The Difference Between Dysbiosis and SIBO (Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth)
@jillianteta

the-difference-between-dysbiosis-and-sibo-small-intestine-bacterial-overgrowth

Dr. Jillian Teta specializes in naturopathic medicine, is the author of Natural Solutions for Digestive Health, and is the creator of Fix Your Digestion. In this dysbiosis video, Dr. Jillian examines the difference between dysbiosis and small intestine bacterial overgrowth while focusing on symptoms and tests.

Three key facts from The Difference Between Dysbiosis and SIBO (Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth):

  • Dysbiosis refers to an imbalance of beneficial bacteria and harmful, pathogenic bacteria, while SIBO occurs when bacteria from the large intestine colonize in the small intestine
  • Dysbiosis and SIBO share symptoms like gas, bloating, distention, and intolerance of carbohydrates, sugar, and probiotic supplementation
  • Stool tests indicate levels of beneficial and harmful bacteria, so they are the better option for diagnosing dysbiosis

46. Gut Dysbiosis and Inflammation
@foodwithcindy

gut-dysbiosis-and-inflammation

Cindy Nicholson is a holistic nutritionist who works with clients to develop habits to make meaningful change happen so they can lose weight and get healthy. Her gut dysbiosis video explores how our gut bacteria have an impact on inflammation in our bodies.

Three key facts from Gut Dysbiosis and Inflammation:

  • Inflammation is a major factor in chronic illnesses
  • The digestive system is home to more than 100 trillion bacteria; beneficial bacteria digest food and synthesize vitamins while helping to rid the body of toxins in food and regulating the immune system
  • Several factors, such as diet, antibiotics, and stress can contribute to gut dysbiosis, which leads to inflammation, leaky gut, and chronic illness

47. Inflammation, Dysbiosis and Chronic Disease
@NIH

inflammation-dysbiosis-and-chronic-disease

The National Institutes of Health’s NIH VideoCast delivers seminars, conferences, and meetings to a world-wide audience via streaming video and recordings. One such recording is Inflammation, Dysbiosis, and Chronic Disease, a lecture given by Dr. Richard A. Flavell from the Yale School of Medicine. Dr. Flavell and his laboratory staff “have elucidated the important function of inflammasomes as steady-state sensors and regulators of the gut microbiota.”

Three key facts fromInflammation, Dysbiosis and Chronic Disease:

  • Dysbiosis is associated with the development of inflammatory and metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes
  • Identifying and isolating organisms within the gut is helping researchers such as Dr. Flavell to determine whether certain diseases phenotypes associated with dysbiosis result from the expansion of pathobionts that drive pathogenesis
  • There appears to be a significant involvement of specific microbes in human disease

48. Intestinal Dysbiosis

intestinal-dysbiosis-treatment

Dr. Kathleen Wills is a U.S. board certified integrative medical doctor, doctor of natural medicine, and traditional naturopath. In this dysbiosis video, Dr. Wills discusses the condition, its symptoms, its causes, and ways to restore gut flora to a balanced state using dietary recommendations and nutritional supplements.

Three key facts from Intestinal Dysbiosis Treatment:

  • Dysbiosis is becoming more common because of increased psychological and physical stress and antibiotics
  • Diets high in fat, sugar, and simple carbohydrates and low in fiber lead to dysbiosis
  • Antibiotics destroy the good flora in the gut and are a leading cause of dysbiosis

49. Fibre and Gut Dysbiosis by Dorota Trupp, Nutritionist, BSHc
@askdorota

fibre-and-gut-dysbiosis-by-dorota-trupp-nutritionist-bshc

Dorota Trupp, nutritionist, gut health expert, natural medicine educator, author, and speaker, shares information about the relationship between fiber and dysbiosis in this video. Available on YouTube, Fibre and Gut Dysbiosis by Dorata Trupp, Nutritionist, BSHc, is a brief video that explains why gut dysbiosis due to antibiotics may not be corrected by an increased fiber intake.

Three key facts from Fibre and Gut Dysbiosis by Dorota Trupp, Nutritionist, BSHc:

  • People who undergo antibiotic therapy often experience a deficit of beneficial gut flora
  • Diarrhea, constipation, bloating, and gas occur frequently in people who suffer from dysbiosis
  • Avoid increasing your fiber intake if you have dysbiosis because it feeds harmful bacteria; the key is starving the bad bacteria and introducing fermented foods and probiotics to rebalance the gut flora

50. Emerging Research on Dysbiosis, Depression and Probiotics

emerging-research-on-dysbiosis-depression-and-probiotics

Dr. Kulveen Virdee takes a therapeutic approach that emphasizes thorough medical evaluation and diagnostic testing, includes compassionate care, and focuses on educating and empowering patients to heal themselves naturally. She earned her doctorate of naturopathic medicine at Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and shares her knowledge and experience with viewers in her YouTube videos, such as Emerging Research on Dysbiosis, Depression and Probiotics. In the video, Dr. Virdee discusses the latest information on gastrointestinal microbiota and symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Three key facts from Emerging Research on Dysbiosis, Depression and Probiotics:

  • There is an established link between gut flora and mood health
  • The GI tract is known as our second brain because the brain directly communicates with the nervous system in the intestinal tracts
  • Taking probiotics corrects dysbiosis and increases chemicals that combat depression, as evidenced by breath tests in clinical studies

Vitamins and the Immune System: The 50 Best Articles, Guides, Videos and Tips on How Vitamins Help Boost Your Immune System

As cold and flu season approach, everyone starts to worry about getting sick and how to best boost their immune system. While you may have heard to drink orange juice and eat chicken soup when you feel a cold coming on, you may not realize that it is because of the vitamins in fruits and vegetables that your mother and grandmother told you to do so. There also are a slew of other vitamins and supplements that are good for your immune system year round, too.

To set you on the path toward improved immune health, we have rounded up 50 of the top resources on vitamins and their positive effects on the immune system. The following articles, infographics, videos, scholarly papers, and tips share some well-known and not-so-well-known information on the vitamins you should be sure to get enough of every day to boost and support your immune system. After all, your immune response is only as good as the fuel you put into it. Please note that while we have listed our top 50 resources on vitamins and the immune system here, in no particular order, we have included a Table of Contents to make it more convenient for you to jump to the resources that are of most interest to you.

Jump to:

Articles

1. Super Foods for Optimal Health
@WebMD

super-foods-for-optimal-health

WebMD is an extremely popular destination for trustworthy and timely health news and information. As their article points out, eating more fruits and vegetables benefits the immune system by providing the body with nutrients such as antioxidant vitamins.

Three key facts from Super Foods for Optimal Health:

  • Three major antioxidant vitamins are beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E
  • Antioxidant-rich foods are colorful and typically have purple, blue, orange, red, and yellow hues
  •  Other antioxidants that boost immunity include zinc and selenium

2. Strengthen Your Immune System
@EverydayHealth

strengthen-your-immune-system

Everyday Health offers weight-loss tools, advice, and health news to help readers and their families take better care of themselves. Mikel Theobald’s Everyday Health article on strengthening the immune system explores foods with essential nutrients to help fight disease and stay healthy.

Three key facts from Strengthen Your Immune System:

  • “Diet is one of the most powerful ways to support the immune system” ~ Karyn Duggan, certified nutrition consultant
  • Vitamin A regulates and supports the healthy development of immune cells
  • B vitamins support energy production and stress tolerance and resilience, which are key to healthy immune function

3. Multiple Roles Played by Vitamin A in the Immune System
@mnt

multiple-roles-played-by-vitamin-a-in-the-immune-system

Medical News Today shares the latest, breaking health news. Their vitamin and the immune system article, Multiple Roles Played by Vitamin A in the Immune system, shares findings from a study published in the journal Immunity detailing how the vitamin helps the body fight infections but also can act in a way that suppresses immunity.

Three key facts from Multiple Roles Played by Vitamin A in the Immune System:

  • Vitamin A has anti-inflammatory properties
  • Vitamin A insufficiency is associated with a higher death rate related to gastrointestinal and lung infection and poor response to vaccines
  • Vitamin A plays a fundamental role in the immune system’s response to the body’s own cells and those that invade to cause infection and disease

4. What Vitamins Help Boost Your Immune System?
@LIVESTRONG_COM

what-vitamins-help-boost-your-immune-system

LIVESTRONG.com seeks to help people live their healthiest, most active lives. Jerry Shaw’s LIVESTRONG vitamin and the immune system article reminds readers of the health benefits of getting vitamins from healthy foods and suggests taking supplements to ensure getting enough in the diet, especially when certain foods are unavailable.

Three key facts from What Vitamins Help Boost Your Immune System?:

  • Vitamin A has antioxidant properties and helps prevent degenerative diseases during aging by protecting cells from damage
  • Vitamin B9 may reduce the risk of some forms of cancer
  • Vitamin C blocks damage from oxidation that leads to inflammatory conditions such as heart disease and cancer

5. Vitamin A Supplementation May Cause the Immune System to ‘Forget’ Past Infections
@EurekAlertAAAS

vitamin-a-supplementation-may-cause-the-immune-system-to-forget-past-infections

EurekAlert! shares trending science news, images, and more. In this article, they share new research from the Journal of Leukocyte Biology that shows excessive amounts of vitamin A may prohibit proper immune function. The research shows that too much vitamin A blocks innate immunity’s ability to recognize previous infections.

Three key facts from Vitamin A Supplementation May Cause the Immune System to ‘Forget’ Past Infections:

  • Vitamin A supplementation greatly benefits individuals who are deficient, but it has negative effects on people who have adequate levels
  • Excessive amounts of vitamin A negatively impact the body’s trained immunity, making people vulnerable to infections and diseases they’ve already had
  • A balance in vitamin A levels is key for optimal immunity

6. Vitamin D Immune System Boost?
@NHSChoices

vitamin-d-immune-system-boost

The National Health Service (NHS) in England provides health and lifestyle advice, information about local services, and the latest health news. Their vitamin and the immune system article reports on findings from a study showing that vitamin D plays an important role in boosting the immune system.

Three key facts from Vitamin D Immune System Boost?:

  • Vitamin D plays a role in priming T cells to help fight infection
  • People with vitamin D deficiency may be more vulnerable to infection
  • Vitamin D is found in eggs, oily fish, fortified margarines, certain breakfast cereals, and vitamin supplements

7. Vitamin D ‘Triggers and Arms’ the Immune System
@TelegraphNews

vitamin-d-triggers-and-arms-the-immune-system

Telegraph News shares the latest national and international news. Science correspondent Richard Alleyne reports on research that finds vitamin D is crucial to fighting infections.

Three key facts from Vitamin D ‘Triggers and Arms’ the Immune System:

  • Vitamin D may be obtained by food, exposure to the sun, and supplements
  • Vitamin D boosts T cells to help them find and eliminate invading bacteria and viruses
  • Insufficient levels of vitamin D result in T cells being unable to react to and fight off infections

8. How Much Vitamin D Boosts Your Immune System?
@runnersworld

how-much-vitamin-d-boosts-your-immune-system

Runner’s World offers training tips, news, and motivation for athletes. Alex Hutchinson’s Runner’s World article reports on the research looking into the best source and optimal amount of vitamin D for defending against colds and flu.

Three key facts from How Much Vitamin D Boosts Your Immune System?:

  • People with levels of vitamin D close to the optimal level have a stronger immune system and are less likely to get respiratory infections
  • For good levels of vitamin D, try to get approximately 15 minutes of unprotected exposure to the sun between 10 AM and 3 PM
  • In winter when you are less likely to spend time in the sun, be sure to increase your vitamin D intake via fortified food and supplements

9. Vitamin A’s Influence on Immunity
@TheScientistLLC

vitamin-as-influence-on-immunity

Dedicated to covering a wide range of topics in life-science fields, The Scientist is the leading magazine for life science professionals. Ashley P. Taylor’s The Scientist article shares findings from a study showing that exposure to vitamin A in the womb supports immune system development and lifelong ability to defend against infections.

Three key facts from Vitamin A’s Influence on Immunity:

  • Mice raised on low-vitamin A diets produce offspring with smaller lymph nodes than those given higher levels of the vitamin
  • A normal diet is not enough to reverse the effects of vitamin A deficiency, and these mice have a more difficult time fighting infection as adults
  • Vitamin A provided by the mother to the fetus affects the development of the immune system in their offspring, which alters previous thinking that the development of immune system organs is an autonomous process

10. The Benefits of Vitamin D
@Healthline

the-benefits-of-vitamin-d

Healthline offers information, guidance, inspiration, and caring to those who pursue health and wellbeing. Their editorial team explores the many benefits of vitamin D, especially those in relation to the immune system, in this article.

Three key facts from The Benefits of Vitamin D:

  • Vitamin D facilitates normal immune system function
  • A sufficient amount of vitamin D is important for resisting certain diseases
  • Vitamin D helps reduce the likelihood of developing the flu

11. Vitamin A May Help Boost Immune System to Fight Tuberculosis
@UCLA

vitamin-a-may-help-boost-immune-system-to-fight-tuberculosis

The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) is known for its cutting-edge scientific research, arts, and athletics. Because of the university’s dedication to health, it is not surprising that their researchers found that vitamin A may play a key role in helping the immune system fight tuberculosis (TB).

Three key facts from Vitamin A May Help Boost Immune System to Fight Tuberculosis:

  • Vitamin A and a specific gene aid the immune system in lowering the level of cholesterol in TB-infected cells
  • By reducing the amount of cholesterol in TB-infected cells, researchers found the immune system has a better response to the infection
  • Gaining an understanding of how the immune system uses vitamin A will lead the way to new treatments and approaches to disease and infection

Infographics

12. 10 Natural Ways to Boost Your Immune System Infographic
@naturaloncom

10-natural-ways-to-boost-your-immune-system-infographic

Naturalon shares natural health news and discoveries. They also share an infographic suggesting 10 natural ways to boost the immune system, including resting, wearing warming socks, and taking specific vitamins.

Three key facts from 10 Natural Ways to Boost Your Immune System Infographic:

  • Take zinc within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms to reduce the duration of cold symptoms
  • Be sure to get enough vitamin C to clean up free radicals in your system
  • Take green probiotics daily to boost immunity for the long term

13. 15 Foods that Boost the Immune System
@HealthTipsEver

15-foods-that-boost-the-immune-system

Health Tips Ever shares tips for leading a healthy, happy life. Their infographic highlights 15 foods that contain nutrients your immune system needs to perform at peak levels and combat invaders that can make you ill.

Three key facts from 15 Foods that Boost the Immune System:

  • Eat oranges because they are rich in vitamin C and strengthen the immune system
  • Drink green tea because it contains powerful antioxidants that boost the immune system
  • Eat broccoli because it contains vitamins A, E, and C to boost immune function

14. A Chart of Vitamin Rich Foods (Infographic)
@BSGS4CRC

a-chart-of-vitamin-rich-foods-infographic

Be Seen Get Screened is on a mission to get everyone screened for colon cancer. They also share important tips and information to help people eat healthy diets, such as their chart of vitamin rich foods.

Three key facts from A Chart of Vitamin Rich Foods (Infographic):

  • Vitamin C, which acts as an antioxidant and promotes a strong immune system, is found in bell peppers, strawberries, potatoes, broccoli, spinach, tomatoes, and fruit
  • Found in meat, fish, milk, eggs, poultry, cheese, and fortified soy milk, vitamin B12 helps make red blood cells that improve immune function
  • Vitamin E is found in leafy greens, nuts, margarine, and whole grains and acts as an antioxidant to boost immunity

15. Vitamin D Deficiency
@thenutribullet

vitamin-d-deficiency

Vitamin D plays an important role in boosting the immune system, yet studies show that 75% of Americans are deficient in vitamin D3. This infographic shared by NutriLiving visualizes the symptoms, benefits, and sources of vitamin D3 deficiency so that viewers can be sure to get enough of the nutrient for better immune health.

Three key facts from Vitamin D Deficiency:

  • Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include cancer, heart disease, weak muscles, and higher frequency of cold and flu
  • Vitamin D3 improves the immune system, cell formation, the digestive system, and much more
  • Sources of vitamin D3 include the sun, fish, eggs, liver, and D3 supplements

16. How Sunlight Affects Mood, Immunity, & More
@CarringtonEdu

how-sunlight-affects-mood-immunity-and-more

Carrington College is a top starting point for healthcare careers. Their vitamin and the immune system infographic examines the ways in which sunlight affects health, specifically in terms of lifting the mood and boosting the immune system.

Three key facts from How Sunlight Affects Mood, Immunity, & More:

  • A vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, breast cancer, colon cancer, and prostate cancer
  • Daily sunlight exposure is recommended for sufficient levels of vitamin D, but sunscreen significantly impacts the amount of vitamin D people get from the sun
  • UVA and UVB radiation from the sun boosts T-cells and the immune system

17. 10 Power Foods that Boost Immunity
@List_Fitness

10-power-foods-that-boost-immunity

Sean Donnelly started ListFitness.com as part of his journey toward health and happiness. His infographic features 10 foods that are packed with vitamins known for their immune-boosting power.

Three key facts from 10 Power Foods that Boost Immunity:

  • Cranberries are a source of antioxidants and vitamin C known for combatting allergies, viruses, and cancer
  • Artichokes are rich in vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, and magnesium that protect against cancer, heart disease, and illness
  • Pomegranate seeds are a superfood for boosting immunity; they can account for nearly 40% of a person’s daily vitamin C intake

18. Infographic: Healthy Foods to Boost Immunity This Cold Season
@WWMGEverett

infographic-healthy-foods-to-boost-immunity-this-cold-season

Western Washington Medical Group puts the health and needs of their patients above all else, especially because they are provider-run and do not have any corporate managers making decisions about patient care. Their infographic highlights nine foods and two drinks that can help boost immunity during the cold season.

Three key facts from Infographic: Healthy Foods to Boost Immunity This Cold Season:

  • Garlic boost the immune system, especially when consumed raw, because it contains 95% of the daily vitamin B6 needs and 52% of the daily vitamin C needs
  • Pomegranates contain more antioxidants than any other fruit and are a great source of vitamin C to boost immunity
  • It is possible to get 85% of the daily value of vitamin C from a single orange

19. Infographic: Boost Immunity and More with Mangos
@TheAltDaily

infographic-boost-immunity-and-more-with-mangos

Alternative Daily is a daily source for alternative news. As their infographic points out, mangos boost immune health because they contain more than 25 types of carotenoids, vitamin C, and vitamin A.

Three key facts from Infographic: Boost Immunity and More with Mangos:

  • Mangos contain 100% of the daily value of vitamin C to boost the immune system
  • Mangos contain antioxidant compounds that are thought to defend against colon, breast, lung, and prostate cancers in addition to leukemia
  • Mangos contain vitamin A, which aids immune health

Videos

20. Vitamin D is Better than ANY Vaccine and Increases the Immune System by 3-5 Times
@drjoestweets

vitamin-d-is-better-than-any-vaccine-and-increases-the-immune-system-by-3to5-times

Dr. Joe Prendergast is a world-renowned endocrinologist who practiced for more than 30 years. Board Certified in internal medicine, endocrinology, and metabolism, Dr. Prendergast explains the benefits of vitamin D for the immune system, specifically in terms of beating the h5n1 (bird flu) virus, in this video.

Three key facts from Vitamin D is Better than ANY Vaccine and Increases the Immune System by 3-5 Times:

  • Vitamin D really is a powerful hormone
  • The immune system becomes 3-5 times stronger when people increase their vitamin D intake
  • Vitamin D’s impact on the immune system is so strong that it can reduce asthma issues and cancers

21. 10 Ways to Boost Your Immune System
@seancannell

10-ways-to-boost-your-immune-system

Sean Cannell, author, YouTuber, and entrepreneur, shares life hacks and information for improving finances, fitness, and more in his videos. In this particular video, Cannell shares 10 ways to boost the immune system, including dietary supplements and diet changes.

Three key facts from 10 Ways to Boost Your Immune System:

  • Take vitamin C or eat foods rich in vitamin C
  • If you don’t get enough vitamins from your food, supplement with multivitamins and fish oil to be sure you meet your daily values
  • Avoid juice to get vitamin C because juices contain sugar, which weakens the immune system

22. Best Foods for Weak Immune System
@homeveda

best-foods-for-weak-immune-system

Homeveda recommends non-invasive and natural techniques for healing the mind and body. In Best Foods for Weak Immune System, Homeveda explains that having a strong immune system protects the body from viruses, diseases, and infections and suggests vitamin-rich foods to strengthen immune health.

Three key facts from Best Foods for Weak Immune System:

  • Foods rich in vitamin A include papaya, tomatoes, watermelon, carrots, and beet root
  • Vitamin C produces anitbodies that are important for immunity, and foods such as kiwi and guava contain this important vitamin
  • Foods rich in vitamin E, like almonds, walnuts, vegetable oils, whole grains, and avocados, help strengthen immunity by neutralizing toxins in the body

23. Vitamin C Supports a Healthy Immune System and Creates Radiant Skin
@thenaturalguide

vitamin-c-supports-a-healthy-immune-system-and-creates-radiant-skin

Larry Cook, author and video producer of Natural Living Lifestyle content, presents this brief video that examines the ways in which vitamin C supports immune function. Dr. Angela Agrios, California-licensed naturopathic doctor, hosts Vitamin C Supports a Healthy Immune System and Creates Radiant Skin.

Three key facts from Vitamin C Supports a Healthy Immune System and Creates Radiant Skin:

  • Vitamin C plays a key role in supporting proper immune function
  • As an antioxidant, vitamin C protects cells from free radical damage and degeneration
  • Good sources of vitamin C include fresh citrus fruits and vegetables such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts

24. Nutrition & Vitamins: Vitamins & Minerals for the Immune System
@eHow

nutrition-and-vitamins-vitamins-and-minerals-for-the-immune-system

In this eHow video on the power of vitamins in boosting immune health, registered and licensed dietitian Christine Marquette details which vitamins and minerals are best. Marquette’s healthy advice includes adding supplements as needed to ensure adequate intake of vitamins and minerals for immune health.

Three key facts from Nutrition & Vitamins: Vitamins & Minerals for the Immune System:

  • Antioxidants, such as vitamins A, C, and E, beta carotene, and selenium, are important for immune health
  • Zinc is a mineral that can benefit the immune system
  • If you get sick frequently, or if you recently had a cold or the flu, consider beginning a multivitamin that contains 100% of the recommended daily amount of the important vitamins and minerals and eating as many fresh fruits and vegetables as possible

25. Vitamin D Health Benefits: Vitamin D Increases Your Immune System and Strength of Your Bones
@AmeerRosic

vitamin-d-health-benefits-vitamin-d-increases-your-immune-system-and-strength-of-your-bones

Entrepreneur and marketing strategist Ameer Rosic shares optimal immune health tips on his homepage. He also outlines the ways in which vitamin D boosts the immune system and bone strength in this video.

Three key facts from Vitamin D Health Benefits: Vitamin D Increases Your Immune System and Strength of Your Bones:

  • As part of the immune system, T-cells stop pathogens and bacteria
  • Vitamin D from the sun is absorbed by T-cell receptors and signals that the cells need to activate and create more T-cells to boost immune function
  • Adequate levels of vitamin D are necessary for optimal immune function

26. Vitamin C Basics: Practical Use; The Who, How, and When
@DrSuzannenet

vitamin-c-basics-practical-use-the-who-how-and-when

Dr. Suzanne Humphries is a medical doctor and author with training in internal medicine and nephrology. She lectures on the role of vitamin C in immune health and protecting against disease in this video presentation given at the Swedish Society for Orthomolecular Medicine.

Three key facts from Vitamin C Basics: Practical Use; The Who, How, and When:

  • Vitamin C improves people’s health because it serves so many functions over the course of a person’s lifetime
  • There are several myths surrounding vitamin C, and people need to understand that high levels of vitamin C help those who are very ill
  • Getting vitamin C from fresh food is important, but it also is important to take supplements to get enough to support immune health

27. Vitamin D: The Innate Immune System, Barrier Function and Autoimmunity by Gerry Schwalfenberg, MD
@digivision
@ACAM_ORG

vitamin-d-the-innate-immune-system-barrier-function-and-autoimmunity-by-gerry-shwalfenberg-md

A preview of a full-length lecture that is available for purchase from DigiVision Media, this video on vitamins and the immune system features Dr. Gerry Schwalfenberg. Dr. Schwalfenberg is a solo practice family physician in Canada, author, and expert on vitamin D.

Three key facts from Vitamin D: The Innate Immune System, Barrier Function and Autoimmunity by Gerry Shwalfenberg, MD:

  • Various medical organizations make differing recommendations on the amount of vitamin D people should get per day
  • The majority of people are deficient in vitamin D, which weakens their immune systems
  • Vitamin D is crucial for strong barrier protection, antimicrobial protection, and preventing an overreaction of the inflammatory response in the adaptive immune system, which prevents further cell and tissue damage

28. How to Build Your Immune System – Vitamin D
@eriklundquistmd

how-to-build-your-immune-system-vitamin-d

Dr. Erik Lundquist works to help patients in “raising their consciousness regarding health.” An integrative medical physician, Dr. Lundquist specializes in treating chronic illness. He shares his tips for boosting immune health with vitamin D in this video.

Three key facts from How to Build Your Immune System – Vitamin D:

  • Cell receptors are activated by vitamin D that turn on genes that make peptides to help fight against bacteria and viruses
  • Vitamin D is an effective supplement to use in the winter to help immune function
  • People who have limited exposure to the sun have lower levels of vitamin D; when put on vitamin D supplements year round, these people saw a 60% reduction in upper respiratory infections

29. Dr. Oz’s Top Ways to Boost Your Immune System
@KCCINews

dr-ozs-top-ways-to-boost-your-immune-system

The leader in local news coverage, KCCI 8 News is the most-watched station in Central Iowa. In this vitamin and the immune system video, Dr. Oz shares the best advice for keeping your immune system strong.

Three key facts from Dr. Oz’s Top Ways to Boost Your Immune System:

  • Eating whole, real food, participating in daily vigorous activity, and having a passion in life is important to longevity and immune health
  • Fish oil, multivitamins, extra vitamin D, calcium, and magnesium are the most important supplements for improving and sustaining immune health
  • Don’t take massive doses of vitamins, but do ensure you are getting the recommended daily doses of each for optimal immune function

30. 5 Foods to Keep Your Immune System Strong
@stevenandchris

5-foods-to-keep-your-immune-system-strong

Steven Sabados and Chris Hyndman are interior decorators and style experts who share their expertise on the CBC show Steven and Chris. In this video segment from the show, nutritionist Joy McCarthy shares lesser-known tips for boosting the immune system.

Three key facts from 5 Foods to Keep Your Immune System Strong:

  • Prevent colds and the flu by eating healthy and keeping the lesser-known vitamins and minerals in mind throughout the year
  • Vitamin D helps the immune system identify the viruses and bacteria before they make us ill; vitamin D supplements, salmon, eggs, and sardines are good sources
  • Carotenoids, like beta carotene and vitamin A, boost natural killer cells in the immune system

Scholarly Papers

31. Vitamin Effects on the Immune System: Vitamins A and D Take Centre Stage
@NCBI

vitamin-effects-on-the-immune-system-vitamins-a-and-d-take-centre-stage

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) advances science and health by providing access to biological information. They share Vitamin Effects on the Immune System: Vitamins A and D Take Centre Stage, a scholarly paper by J. Rodrigo Mora, Makoto Iwata, and Ulrich H. von Andrian.

Three key facts from Vitamin Effects on the Immune System: Vitamins A and D Take Centre Stage:

  • Vitamins A and D have a crucial effect on immune response
  • Vitamins module a range of immune processes including lymphocyte activation and proliferation, T-helper-cell differentiation, and the production of specific antibody isotopes
  • There is a potential for vitamin A and D metabolites to modulate tissue-specific immune responses to prevent and treat inflammation and autoimmunity

32. An Update on Vitamin D and Human Immunity
@Medscape

an-update-on-vitamin-d-and-human-immunity

Medscape shares breaking medical news and is a reference for drug, diseases, and procedure information. Their update on vitamin D and immunity, a scholarly paper by Martin Hewison, informs readers about five years of research on the benefits of vitamin D, including its impacts on the immune system.

Three key facts from An Update on Vitamin D and Human Immunity:

  • It is more difficult for people with darker skin pigmentation and those living in northern parts of the world to achieve target levels of vitamin D, so they should ensure an intake of 600 IU supplemental vitamin D per day
  • Vitamin D plays a role in preventing and treating common cancers and hypertension and cardiovascular disease
  • Supplementation of vitamin D in vitamin-D insufficient individuals improves immune function and helps protect against infection

33. Immunity
@OregonState

immunity

Oregon State University is known for inspiring leaders and innovators. Their scholarly paper on immunity offers an overview of the immune system and provides a thorough analysis of the ways in which nutrition and vitamins can support or weaken immune function.

Three key facts from Immunity:

  • Malnutrition and vitamin deficiency can increase an individual’s susceptibility to infection and illness
  • Vitamin A, vitamin B, folate, vitamin E, zinc, iron, copper, and selenium are essential micronutrients for proper immune function
  • Vitamin A and its metabolites play key roles in innate and adaptive immunity

34. Effects of Vitamin A Supplementation on Immune Responses and Correlation with Clinical Outcomes
@ASMicrobiology

effects-of-vitamin-a-supplementation-on-immune-responses-and-correlation-with-clinical-outcomes

The American Society for Microbiology has made Effects of Vitamin A Supplementation on Immune Responses and Correlation with Clinical Outcomes, a scholarly paper by Eduardo Villamor and Wafaie W. Fawzi available for reading via Clinical Microbiology Reviews. This paper on vitamin A supplementation examines the ways in which the vitamin impacts immunity.

Three key facts from Effects of Vitamin A Supplementation on Immune Responses and Correlation with Clinical Outcomes:

  • Vitamin A supplementation for preschool children decreases risks of death from some forms of diarrhea, measles, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and malaria
  • In certain situations, vitamin A supplementation for infants improves the antibody response to some vaccines, such as tetanus and diphtheria toxoids and measles
  • More research is needed to determine the direct effects of vitamin A supplementation for adults and the elderly on their immune function

35. Vitamin D and the Immune System
@NCBI

vitamin-d-and-the-immune-system

Cynthia Aranow’s scholarly paper on vitamins and the immune system, available from NCBI, examines the benefits of vitamin D in terms of immune function. As Aranow explains, vitamin D is not simply the go-to vitamin for aiding calcium absorption and achieving bone homeostasis; it has proven benefits for immune health.

Three key facts from Vitamin D and the Immune System:

  • Vitamin D deficiency is detrimental to immune health and makes people more susceptible to infection and disease
  • Vitamin D is obtained from diet or the sun’s rays
  • Vitamin D aids T cells and B cells in the immune system and aids in promoting protective immunity

Tips

36. 3 Vitamins That Are Best for Boosting Your Immunity
@ClevelandClinic

3-vitamins-that-are-best-for-boosting-your-immunity

The Cleveland Clinic, one of the nation’s best hospitals, shares the latest consumer health news and tips for staying healthy. They offer three tips for eating right to get the vitamins necessary for boosting immune health.

Three key tips from 3 Vitamins That are Best for Boosting Your Immunity:

  • Vitamin C is one of the best immune system boosters, and a lack of vitamin C can make you more likely to get sick; eat oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, strawberries, bell peppers, spinach, kale, and broccoli to get more vitamin C
  • Vitamin B6 supports biochemical reactions in the immune system; eat chicken, salmon, tuna, green vegetables, and chick peas to get more vitamin B6
  • Vitamin E is an antioxidant that aids in combatting infection; eat nuts, seeds, and spinach to get more vitamin E

37. Recharge Your Body’s Defense System
@DrOz

recharge-your-bodys-defense-system

Cardiac surgeon and host of the Dr. Oz Show, Dr. Mehmet Oz is a popular source of health information for his fans. In this article, Dr. Oz shares tips for recharging the immune system to ward off germs and intruders that make us sick.

Three key tips from Recharge Your Body’s Defense System:

  • Make sure you are getting enough vitamin D; if you are deficient, you will feel pain or tenderness when you press your thumb against your breastbone or shinbone
  • Ensure you have enough vitamin B12 by eating clams, liver, fish, yogurt, and cheese
  • If you have mouth sores, you may not have enough vitamin B6 to support immune health; eat more chicken, fish, kidney, liver, whole grains, nuts, and legumes

38. The Best Immune System Vitamins for Women
@FitDayCom

the-best-immune-system-vitamins-for-women

FitDay helps people reach their fitness goals. Their article, The Best Immune System Vitamins for Women, helps female readers ensure they have healthy immune systems by listing the vitamins they should be getting enough of to help their bodies defend against bacteria, viruses, and other invaders.

Three key tips from The Best Immune System Vitamins for Women:

  • Get enough vitamin A from nutritious foods and vitamin A supplements
  • Vitamin E creates protein to help the body combat germs, bacteria, and viruses
  • Zinc can reduce symptoms of illness and eases the pain associated with the common cold, the flu, and sore throats

39. What Foods are Good for My Immune System?
@WHFoods

what-foods-are-good-for-my-immune-system

The World’s Healthiest Foods website, a project of the not-for-profit George Mateljan Foundation, offers recipes and practical healthy-eating tips. They also share several tips for eating foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals to support immune health.

Three key tips from What Foods are Good for My Immune System?:

  • B vitamins support a healthy immune system, so look for foods that contain vitamin B5, folic acid, vitamin B6, vitamin B1 (thiamin), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), and vitamin B12
  • Vitamins A, E, and K are important to overall immune health; these are found in turnip greens, Swiss chard, mustard greens, leafy greens, carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, asparagus, bok choy, cauliflower, and spinach
  • Zinc acts as a powerful stimulant for the immune system, but an excess of zinc can negatively impact immune function; maintain adequate, but not excessive amounts of zinc for optimal immune function

40. The Best Way to Boost Your Immune System
@ConsumerReports

the-best-way-to-boost-your-immune-system

An independent, nonprofit organization, Consumer Reports works alongside consumers to create a fairer, safer, and healthier world. They share ways to prevent disease and heal faster in this article, which is full of tips for for maintaining immune health via healthy foods and vitamin supplements.

Three key tips from The Best Way to Boost Your Immune System:

  • Eat a varied diet and try to get as many types and colors of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, low-fat dairy, and healthy oils as possible
  • Consider a vitamin D supplement, especially if you are an older adult or have a diagnosed deficiency
  • Know the appropriate levels of vitamins for you and don’t take them in excess

41. Which Vitamins Help Your Immune System?
@DelimmuneV

which-vitamins-help-your-immune-system

Del-Immune V, distributed by Pure Research Products, LLC, is a unique secret weapon for immune system defense. In this blog post, readers learn exactly which vitamins and minerals are helpful for boosting the immune system.

Three key tips from Which Vitamins Help Your Immune System?:

  • Vitamin A and its associated antioxidants strengthen the immune system against infection
  • Vitamin B2 is another key antioxidant for immune health
  • Iron is a mineral that helps the body deliver oxygen to cells and allows the immune system to remain strong

42. Top 10 Natural Ways to Increase Your White Blood Cell Count and Immune System
@naturaloncom

top-10-natural-ways-to-increase-your-white-blood-cell-count-and-immune-system

In Top 10 Natural Ways to Increase Your White Blood Cell Count and Immune System, Naturalon shares practical tips for naturally improving immune health by increasing your white blood cell count. Feeding the immune system properly with the right vitamins and minerals enhances its defenses against infections, viruses, and other invaders.

Three key tips from Top 10 Natural Ways to Increase Your White Blood Cell Count and Immune System:

  • Vitamin E is an important antioxidant and immune booster because it naturally stimulates product of immune killer cells
  • Elderly people should take both selenium supplements and zinc because study findings show that those who do so respond better to the flu vaccine
  • Eat foods rich in beta-carotene to increase the number of natural killer cells and to clean up the free radicals that cause damage to the body and promote premature aging

43. 4 Tips for Boosting Your Immune System with Vitamin D
@LiveScience

4-tips-for-boosting-your-immune-system-with-vitamin-d

Live Science shares sciences news and covers the top health, environment, animal, technology, and space news each day. They share four tips to boost the immune system using vitamin D in this article by Deborah Enos, certified nutritionist.

Three key tips from 4 Tips for Boosting Your Immune System with Vitamin D:

  • It is a smart choice to get more vitamin D by drinking fortified milk
  • Children who consume more vitamin D have far fewer colds than children who are deficient in vitamin D
  • Get sun at least 20-30 minutes of sun exposure each day, weather permitting, and eat vitamin D rich foods such as fish, cheese, and fortified foods

44. 7 Tips for Boosting Your Immune System
@bustle

7-tips-for-boosting-your-immune-system

For and by women, Bustle delivers the news that women want. In 7 Tips for Boosting Your Immune System, writer Carolyn Steber details practical ways to strengthen immune health, including taking probiotics.

Three key tips from 7 Tips for Boosting Your Immune System:

  • Eat colorful foods like sweet potatoes, spinach, and berries, for the antioxidants that defend against illness and boost immune health
  • Take vitamins to ensure you are getting enough in your diet, especially if you feel an illness coming on
  • Consider supplementing with zinc, vitamins C and D, and omega oils

45. 12 Ways to Boost Your Immune System
@CANCERactive

12-ways-to-boost-your-immune-system

CANCERactive helps people increase their odds of beating cancer. Boosting the immune system is complex, but this CANCERactive article shares tips for strengthening the immune system to better defend against disease and infection.

Three key tips from 12 Ways to Boost Your Immune System:

  • Help your liver by taking magnesium and vitamin K supplements or consuming milk thistle, dandelion, and artichoke
  • Consider vitamin E, vitamin A, and vitamin C supplements
  • Make getting the daily recommended value of vitamin D a priority

46. Protect Your Health with Immune-Boosting Nutrition
@eatright

protect-your-health-with-immuneboosting-nutrition

From the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, eatright.org is a source for science-based food and nutrition information. Registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN) Eleese Cunningham contributed to this eatright.org article, which highlights the vitamins and nutrients that are essential to immune health.

Three key tips from Protect Your Health with Immune-Boosting Nutrition:

  • Vitamin A regulates the immune system and protects form infections by keeping skin and tissue in the mouth, stomach, intestines, and respiratory system healthy
  • Vitamin C protects against infection by stimulating the formation of antibodies and boosting immune health
  • Vitamin E serves as an antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals and improves immune function

47. 12 Foods to Boost Your Immune System This Flu Season
@Shape_Magazine

12-foods-to-boost-your-immune-system-this-flu-season

Shape magazine offers the latest health, fitness, beauty, and fashion news. Macaela Mackenzie’s Shape article shares immune-boosting foods that strengthen the immune system year round, but especially during the flu season.

Three key tips from 12 Foods to Boost Your Immune System This Flu Season:

  • Salmon delivers immune-boosting omega-3s, vitamin E, and calcium
  • Spinach contains vitamin A and zinc to boost immunity
  • Eat carrots for their vitamin A

48. 6 Ways to Boost Your Immune System
@EcoWatch

6-ways-to-boost-your-immune-system

A top environmental news site, EcoWatch leads the charge in using online news to drive change. In his EcoWatch article, Keith Barbalato offers tips for using nutrition to naturally boost immunity. As Barbalato explains, “a balanced intake of essential vitamins and minerals can keep you and the people around you, from getting sick.”

Three key tips from 6 Ways to Boost Your Immune System:

  • Get vitamin D from sunshine, milk, mushrooms, and oily fish like salmon and tuna to maintain immunity
  • Eat liver, dark greens, and orange and yellow vegetables like carrots and sweet potatoes to get vitamin A, which is vital to immune cell function
  • Get enough vitamin C to aid in the production and function of white blood cells for the immune system

49. Food with Vitamins: Eat to Survive Winter
@active

food-with-vitamins-eat-to-survive-winter

Active.com is a leading online community for people looking to discover, learn about, and share activities about which they feel passionate. In this vitamin and the immune system article, Christina Scannapiego shares tips for eating healthy foods full of vitamins to strengthen the immune stem to get through winter as healthy as possible.

Three key tips from Food with Vitamins: Eat to Survive Winter:

  • Eat whole grains, bread, red meat, egg yolks, brown rice, and berries to get B vitamins that boost immunity
  • Drink fortified milk and eat wild salmon, tuna, eggs, and cheese to get enough vitamin D
  • Eat salmon, cod, and flax seed to get Omega-3s, which have been shown to lower the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers

50. 3 Vitamins that Boost Your Immune System

3-vitamins-that-boost-your-immune-system

Optimal Wellness Labs seeks to change people’s lives by improving their relationship with their health. Their article, 3 Vitamins That Boost Your Immune System, shares general tips, such as frequently washing your hands during cold and flu season and getting a flu shot, to stay healthy. They also highlight three vitamins that you should take to strengthen your immune system.

Three key tips from 3 Vitamins that Boost Your Immune System:

  • Vitamin B complex includes eight B vitamins that work together to strengthen the immune system and make the body more resistant to disease
  • Vitamin C boosts the immune system by killing bacteria, fungi, and viruses
  • Take vitamin D3 supplements to boost immunity and reduce the risk of contracting the flu and catching colds

How Does the Immune System Protect the Body from Disease? 50 Free Resources to Understand the Power of the Immune System

The immune system helps protect our bodies against diseases caused by pathogens. Pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, invade our bodies and cause infection and/or disease. The immune system’s complex system of cells, tissues, and organs protects us against invaders by attacking them while leaving healthy tissue alone. Doctors and scientists continue to work to learn more about how our immune system protects us from disease, though they already know a great deal.

For example, doctors and scientists know that the immune system is comprised of the innate system and immunity. The innate system includes the immune defenses we are born with, including skin, mucous membranes in our mouth and nose, gastric acid, and saliva. Immunity is the second line of defense that protects us against pathogens that make their way through the innate system. The immune system is housed in the blood as white blood cells or chemicals that are released by cells and tissues. Specialized white blood cells that aid in immunity are neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, monocytes, and basophils; they move throughout the bloodstream and protect against infection caused by pathogens.

The immune system also helps encourage the growth of good bacteria in the gut. This good bacteria is particularly good at fighting off invaders in the intestinal tract. One study found that gut microbiota interacts with both the innate and immune systems; therefore, people take probiotics to increase the amount of good bacteria in their systems and boost their immune system so they can better fight infection and disease.

Knowing how your immune system protects the body from disease helps you understand how to strengthen your immune system and the steps you can take to improve your health. To help you better understand the role the immune system plays in fighting disease, we have rounded up 50 top resources that are free of charge. The following articles, guides, videos, multimedia resources, and infographics explain the function of the immune system and offer a great deal of information from leading health organizations, research institutions, medical professionals, and other immune system experts. While we have included a Table of Contents to make it easier for you to find the resources of most interest to you, it is important to note that we have listed our 50 top resources for understanding how the immune system protects the body from disease in no particular order.

Jump to:


Articles and Guides

1. How the Immune System Fights Disease
@TheBodyDotCom

How the Immune System Fights Disease

The Body is a complete resource for learning about HIV and AIDS. They share an introduction to the immune system and a detailed overview of the ways in which T cells respond to infection in someone without HIV versus someone with HIV.

Three key facts we like from How the Immune System Fights Disease:

  • T cells as as the coordinators of the process of the immune system fighting disease, and when these cells can no longer function, other cells in the immune system cannot function, which leaves the body open to opportunistic infections
  • The immune system uses antigens, which are proteins specific to each microorganisms, to differentiate invader organisms from healthy cells
  • B cells produce millions of antibodies, or proteins that bind to antigens, to outnumber invaders and help the immune system rid the body of them

2. Immune System
@KidsHealth

Immune System

The most popular site that is dedicated to children’s health, KidsHealth.org is written by parents, educators, kids, and teens. Immune System, reviewed by Dr. Yamini Durani, is a KidsHealth.org article that gives a thorough description of the immune system and its functions, including fighting disease. The article features audio of the text and highlights it as it plays, which makes the article much easier to read.

Three key facts we like from Immune System:

  • The immune system goes through a series of steps called the immune response, in order to attack the invaders that cause disease
  • The immune system monitors the body for germs or invaders that cause infection and/or disease
  • When antigens invade the body, several types of cells join forces to identify them and respond, such as triggering B lymphocytes to produce antibodies to destroy the antigens

3. Immune System: Diseases, Disorders & Function
@LiveScience

Immune System Diseases Disorders Function

Live Science delivers science news that covers top stories in health, environment, animals, technology, and space. Live Science contributor Kim Ann Zimmermann explores the function of the immune system, its components, and the ways in which it protects us from diseases in Immune System: Diseases, Disorders & Function.

Three key facts we like from Immune System: Diseases, Disorders & Function:

  • One major component of the immune system is the lymph nodes, which produce and store cells that fight infection and disease as part of the lymphatic system
  • The spleen is the largest lymphatic organ in the body, and it contains white blood cells that fight infection and disease
  • B cells and T cells are two types of lymphocytes that attack bacteria, toxins, and cancer cells to help protect the body from disease

4. The Immune System
@patient

The Immune System

One of the most trusted sources of online medical information, Patient was voted Britain’s best and most popular health website.  Their leaflet, The Immune System, gives an overview of the immune system and the ways in which it works to help us stay healthy and fight disease.

Three key facts we like from The Immune System:

  • The immune system is the body’s defense against disease-causing microbes, or pathogens
  • The immune system is capable of recognizing particular pathogens and remembering them, so that the body responds more quickly to infection after the first time you get it
  • The thymus teaches white blood cells to recognize the body’s own cells so that they can differentiate between the body’s cells and invading pathogens

5. The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease
@historyofvaccines

The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease

History of Vaccines is a website produced by The College of Physicians of Philadelphia that chronicles the history of vaccination. Their article, The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease, describes the process the immune system follows to protect the body and allow our survival.

Three key facts we like from The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease:

  • Impairment of even one branch of the immune system makes the body more vulnerable to infection and disease
  • White blood cells called phagocytes fight pathogens by surrounding them, taking them in, and neutralizing them
  • The human body has B and T cells specific to millions of different antigens

6. Body Defenses

Body Defenses

The Human Diseases and Conditions Forum stars Body Defenses, an article that explains how the immune system acts as a defense against disease and infection. The article includes helpful definitions, images, and links so that readers can deepen their understanding of the ways in which the immune system protects the body from disease.

Three key facts we like from Body Defenses:

  • The body’s physical barriers, such as skin, mucous membranes, and cilia act as the first line of defense against invaders that cause infection and disease
  • The immune system is the body’s internal defense that is able to recognize and destroy invading substances and organisms to protect against disease
  • In addition to white blood cells, the immune system includes other proteins and chemicals that aid antibodies and T cells in protecting the body

7. The Body’s Second Line of Defence
@NZScienceLearn

The Bodys Second Line of Defence

Science Learning Hub is a free multi-media teaching resource based on New Zealand science and biotech. The Body’s Second Line of Defence is one of Science Learning Hub’s articles detailing the components of the immune system and describing how each works to protect the body.

Three key facts we like from The Body’s Second Line of Defence:

  • The cells, tissues, and organs of the immune system are the second line of defense against disease
  • Each part of the lymphatic system has a specific function to ward off infection and disease
  • When pathogens enter the body, neutrophils gather at the entry site to engulf it and destroy it; if they fail, the macrophages then attempt to engulf the invader and send signals to other cells to help

8. The Immune System and Cancer
@CR_UK

The Immune System and Cancer

Cancer Research UK is a pioneer in life-saving research to bring about the day when all cancers are cured. Their Immune System and Cancer article explores how some treatments boost the immune system to help the body fight cancer.

Three key facts we like from The Immune System and Cancer:

  • Some immune system cells recognize cancer cells and kills them
  • New treatments are in development to use the immune system to fight cancer
  • The body learns acquired immunity when it is exposed to diseases, which is why people get some diseases only one time

9. How Your Immune System Works
@HowStuffWorks

How Your Immune System Works

In this article about the immune system and its functions, HowStuffWorks founder Marshall Brain explores the complexities of the immune system. As Brain explains, the immune system always is working to protect our bodies from infection and disease.

Three key facts we like from How Your Immune System Works:

  • The immune system protects your body in three ways by creating a barrier to prevent bacteria and viruses from entering your body, by detecting and eliminating invaders before they can reproduce, and by eliminating the problems caused by viruses and bacteria
  • The immune system can detect cancer in its early stages and often eliminates it
  • Lymph nodes contain filtering tissue and a number of lymph cells, and they swell when fighting bacterial infections as they fill with bacteria and the cells fighting the bacteria

10. The Immune System and Foreign Invaders
@OregonState

The Immune System and Foreign Invaders

Oregon State University seeks excellence and is the home of worldwide leaders and innovators. They offer the Unsolved Mysteries site for students, teachers, and others interested in environmental health sciences who want to learn by reading non-technical explanations from the Environmental Health and Sciences Center at OSU. Their Immune System and Foreign Invaders article explains how the immune system works as a defense system against disease-causing invaders in a reader-friendly fashion.

Three key facts we like from The Immune System and Foreign Invaders:

  • White blood cells known as leukocytes make up the immune system portion of the blood
  • Leukocytes are divided into three main groups that help protect our bodies: granulocytes, lymphocytes, and monocytes
  • The immune system recognizes cells that need to be attacked based on the proteins present on the surface of them

11. The Immune System and HIV
@THTorguk

The Immune System and HIV

The Terrence Higgins Trust is a charity organization in the UK that works toward creating a world where people with HIV live healthy lives free from prejudice. Their immune system article explains how HIV weakens the immune system and makes people vulnerable to infection and disease.

Three key facts we like from The Immune System and HIV:

  • HIV damages the immune system’s CD4 cells
  • T cells organize cells to produce antibodies to fight invaders and reduce the risk of infection and disease
  • HIV attaches itself to CD4 cells and enters them before damaging and destroying the cell, which means that HIV destroys the immune system cells that work to keep people healthy

12. Acquiring Immunity, Remembering Infections
@koshlandscience

Acquiring Immunity Rembmering Infections

The Koshland Science Museum of the National Academy of Sciences helps people use science to solve problem. The museum also helps people gain a better understanding of how the immune system protects the body from disease via Acquiring Immunity, Remembering Infections. This article examines how the immune system remembers previous exposure to invaders and protects the body from future infections.

Three key facts we like from Acquiring Immunity, Remembering Infections:

  • Each time the body is exposed to viruses, bacteria, and other invaders, the immune system creates antibodies and immune cells that destroy the specific infectious organism
  • The immune system remembers the infectious organism so that it can create a strong defense against it in the future
  • When a person is exposed to the same disease multiple times, the immune system already members the infection and is able to fight it off more quickly

13. Bacteria: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
@cancer_fund

Bacteria The Good the Bad and the Ugly

The Cancer Prevention and Treatment Fund helps people reduce their cancer risk and assists in helping them choose the safest and most effective treatment. Dr. Jennifer Yttrium’s Cancer Prevention and Treatment Fund article, Bacteria: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, explains how probiotics can boost our immune systems and promote good health. When our immune systems are stronger, they are better able to ward off infections and diseases.

Three key facts we like from Bacteria: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly:

  • Good bacteria resides in our gut and helps develop a robust immune system
  • When we have enough good bacteria in our body, the bad bacteria do not have as much opportunity to grow and cause disease
  • The immune system needs the right combination of bacteria to keep us healthy

14. Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?
@NIAGo4Life

Immune System Can Your Immune System Still Defend You as You Age

The National Institute on Aging is part of the National Institutes of Health. They explore whether the immune system weakens as we age in Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?

Three key facts we like from Immune System: Can Your Immune System Still Defend You As You Age?:

  • For older Americans, it may take longer to fight off colds and feel better than it does for younger Americans; gerontologists are trying to learn whether the immune system works as well as we age
  • Research shows that innate immune cells lose some of their ability to communicate with each other as we age
  • Older people produce fewer naive T cells, so they are less able to fight off disease

15. Deploying the Body’s Army
@TheScientistLLC

Deploying the Bodys Army

The Scientist explores life and inspires innovation. Jamie Green and Charlotte Ariyan’s The Scientist article, Deploying the Body’s Army, explores how doctors and scientists are using patients’ immune systems to fight cancer.

Three key facts we like from Deploying the Body’s Army:

  • Immune modulation to treat cancer involves immunotherapy agents that augment the normal immune system and increase the body’s ability to fight tumors
  • Cancer immunotherapy has been showing promise in all stages of clinical development, putting the treatments in a position to change the way doctors approach cancer management
  • Cancer immunotherapy may be able to prolong the lives of cancer patients who were thought to have terminal cancer, especially in the form of kidney cancer and malignant melanoma

16. The Immune System Protects Us Against Cancer
@hplusmagazine

The Immune System Protects Us Against Cancer

h+ Magazine covers technological, scientific, and cultural trends that change humans in fundamental ways. In his h+ magazine article, The Immune System Protects Us Against Cancer, Josh Mitteldorf explains that harnessing the power of the immune system appears to be a more effective way of battling cancer than using radiation and chemotherapy.

Three key facts we like from The Immune System Protects Us Against Cancer:

  • The immune system can detect and eliminate cancer cells, just as it does invading pathogens
  • Immune response weakens in older people, making them more susceptible to cancer
  • There has been success in immune cell transplants from healthy donors to cancer patients, but a serious and sometimes fatal side effect is graft-vs-host disease because transplanted immune cells attack the patient’s healthy cells in addition to the cancer cells

17. The Body’s First Line of Defence
@NZScienceLearn

The Bodys First Line of Defence

The Body’s First Line of Defence reminds readers that the immune system is not made up of internal blood cells and the lymph system. The article focuses on our external barriers against disease and infection, such as our skin and tears.

Three key facts we like from The Body’s First Line of Defence:

  • The physical and chemical barriers that make up our outside defense system against disease and infection are always working to protect the body
  • The first line of defense includes our skin, tears, mucus, cilia, stomach acid, urine, good bacteria, and specific white blood cells known as neutrophils
  • The body activates its second line of defense when the first line of defense fails

18. Important Link between the Brain and Immune System Found
@sciam

Important Link Between the Brain and Immune System Found

Scientific American is an authoritative source for the most important science discoveries and technology innovations. Bret Stetka’s Scientific American article, Important Link between the Brain and Immune System Found, explains that doctors and scientists are rethinking neurologic disease now that a new line of communication between the brain and immune system has been found.

Three key facts we like from Important Link between the Brain and Immune System Found:

  • The brain has a lymphatic system that links it directly to the immune system
  • The brain does not receive the quick response from the immune system that other parts of the body do
  • There is a chance that the immune response from meningeal lymphatic vessels causes multiple sclerosis, autism, and Alzheimer’s disease

19. Gut Flora and Your Healthy Immune System
@Mark_Sisson

Gut Flora and Your Healthy Immune System

Mark Sisson, former elite runner and triathlete, is author of The Primal Blueprint and blogger at MarksDailyApple.com. Mark’s article, Gut Flora and Your Healthy Immune System, explores the link between the good bacteria in our gut and the health of our immune system. As Mark explains, the healthier our immune system is, the better it protects us from disease.

Three key facts we like from Gut Flora and Your Healthy Immune System:

  • Our gut flora play a critical role in mediating our immune response
  • The gastrointestinal tract houses nearly 70% of our immune system
  • Intestinal flora aids in determining the quality of our mucosal immune system in several ways: it provides a physical barrier to colonization by foreign microbes, it communicates with certain features of the immune system to help them focus on invading microbes, and it influences the growth and formation of organs critical to proper immune function

20. Should You Be Taking Probiotics for Crohn’s Disease?
@EverydayHealth

Should You Be Taking Probiotics for Crohns Disease

Everyday Health helps people take better care of themselves and their families through weight-loss tools, advice, and health news and information. Should You Be Taking Probiotics for Crohn’s Disease? explores the ways in which probiotics aid our bodies, including helping people who live with Crohn’s disease.

Three key facts we like from Should You Be Taking Probiotics for Crohn’s Disease?:

  • The immune system in people with Crohn’s disease attacks organisms that it identifies as invaders, even though they are helpful microorganisms
  • Dr. Bruce Silverman, a gastroenterologist, believes that probiotics can tame an overly aggressive immune system and keep Crohn’s flareups in check
  • Probiotics replace the microorganisms the immune systems of Crohn’s sufferers attack, and Bifidobacteria is a good choice for people with Crohn’s because the immune system recognizes these organisms as belonging in the body

21. Probiotics and Immunity: Provisional Role for Personalized Diets and Disease Prevention
@BioMedCentral

Probiotics and Immunity Provisional Role for Personalized Diets and Disease Prevention

BioMed Central is an open access publisher of science, medicine, and technology research. They share Probiotics and Immunity: Provisional Role for Personalized Diets and Disease Prevention, an article from the EPMA Journal by Rostyslav V. Bubnov, Mykola Ya Spivak, Liudmyla M. Lazarenko, Alojz Bomba, and Nadia V. Boyko. The article explores the authors’ study on the interaction between diet and immune system and their effect on disease prevention.

Three key facts we like from Probiotics and Immunity: Provisional Role for Personalized Diets and Disease Prevention:

  • Designing probiotic treatments and diets personalized to individuals better corrects the gut microbiome and the immune system’s ability to protect the body from disease
  • Metabolic profiling, including gut microbiota, will help researchers better determine how to use probiotics and diet to improve the immune system and fight disease
  • Bifidobacteria and other strains of probiotics may be a sound preventive medical approach to reducing the risk of disease

22. How Pathogens Make Us Sick
@theNASEM

How Pathogens Make Us Sick

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine offers a series of sites dedicated to what you need to know about, including infectious disease. How Pathogens Make Us Sick is one of the articles in the How Infection Works series, and it explains the process the immune system undergoes to help our bodies fight infection and disease.

Three key facts we like from How Pathogens Make Us Sick:

  • Disease typically occurs in a small proportion of infected people whose cells become damaged as a result of infection and exhibit signs and symptoms of an illness
  • Fever, sluggishness, headache, and rash often result from the immune system working to eliminate infection from the body
  • Pathogens challenge the immune system in many ways, from killing cells to disrupting cell function, and our immune system responds by sending white blood cells, antibodies, and other mechanisms to rid us of the invaders

23. Unleashing the Immune Response to Cancer
@Bayer

Unleasing the Immune Response to Cancer

Bayer is a global enterprise in the life science fields of health care and agriculture. Research is the Bayer scientific magazine that offers Unleashing the Immune Response to Cancer, an article that explores the steps cancer researchers are taking to enhance the immune system’s ability to fight against cancer.

Three key facts we like from Unleashing the Immune Response to Cancer:

  • Researchers are working on innovative immunotherapies to mobilize cancer patients’ own immune systems to fight cancer
  • Immunotherapies may help cancer patients in the advanced stage of the disease
  • The challenge with using immunotherapy to treat cancer is that cancer cells emit inhibitory signals and suppress the immune system’s attack on cancer cells

24. Immune System 101
@AIDSgov

Immune System 101

AIDS.gov provides HIV and AIDS information to readers. Their Immune System 101 shares images and diagrams to help us understand how our immune system works, how it protects us from disease, and how HIV impedes the process.

Three key facts we like from Immune System 101:

  • Bone marrow is responsible for making the white blood cells that become lymphocytes and fight disease
  • Lymph nodes produce and store cells that fight infection and disease
  • The spleen contains white blood cells that fight disease and infection

25. How the Immune System Fights Off Malaria
@MIT

How the Immune System Fights Off Malaria

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a world leader in research and education. In this article, MIT shares information from a study that found immune cells play a critical role in combatting malaria in early stages of infection.

Three key facts we like from How the Immune System Fights Off Malaria:

  • Researchers have identified a key host defense mechanism that will help them learn how the immune system interacts with the pathogen that causes malaria
  • Specifically, NK cells are a critical immune system component when it comes to early control of malaria
  • NK cells latch onto infected cells for a longer period of time in order to kill them

26. A Guide to Your Immune System: How It Works, What It Does and How It Keeps Us Healthy
@DelimmuneV

A Guide to Your Immune System How it Works What it Does and How it Keeps Us Healthy

Pure Research Products, LLC, offers Del-Immune V, a unique immune booster derived from probiotics that provides immediate, natural immune system support. They also offer A Guide to Your Immune System: How It Works, What It Does and How It Keeps Us Healthy, which describes the functions and processes of the immune system and its quest to protect us from disease.

Three key facts we like from A Guide to Your Immune System: How It Works, What It Does and How It Keeps Us Healthy:

  • The immune system has many components, and many of them circulate throughout the body to seek out and destroy pathogens that cause disease
  • The immune system determines whether cells belong in the body by identifying the Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA molecules) on their surface
  • The immune system utilizes innate immune response and adaptive immune response to help protect us from disease

27. Overview of the Immune System
@MerckManualHome

Overview of the Immune System

Merck Manual Home is an online medical guide for the whole family. Dr. Peter J. Delves shares this consumer version of the Overview of the Immune System to help readers better understand the processes and functions of the immune system, including how it protects the body from disease.

Three key facts we like from Overview of the Immune System:

  • The immune system is designed to defend the body against invaders that include microorganisms, parasites, cancer cells, and transplanted organs and tissues
  • The immune system defends against disease and infection via physical barriers, white blood cells, antibodies, complement proteins, and certain organs
  • Successful immune responses include recognition of invaders, activation and mobilization of the various immune system components, regulation of the immune response, and resolution of the invader that results in its elimination

28. A Brief Guide to the Immune System
@SeattleCCA

A Brief Guide to the Immune System

Seattle Cancer Care Alliance is a top cancer treatment center that united doctors from Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, UW Medicine, and Seattle Children’s. Their Brief Guide to the Immune System explains how cancer tricks the immune system and how doctors are using immunotherapy to educate the immune system to help it fight cancer.

Three key facts we like from A Brief Guide to the Immune System:

  • A genetic disease, cancer causes tumor cells to grow without much intervention from the immune system because the tumor cells are native to the body
  • Some cancers are difficult for the immune system to eliminate because they create the chemicals that spur an immune response shutdown
  • Immunotherapy uses various components of a patient’s immune system to fight cancer


Videos

29. Your Immune System: Natural Born Killer – Crash Course Biology #32
@TheCrashCourse

Your Immune System Natural Born Killer Crash Course Biology 32

John and Hank Green and friends teach viewers all sorts of subjects via Crash Course videos on YouTube. In this video, Hank describes the ways in which the immune system protects our bodies from the invaders that cause disease.

Three key facts we like from Your Immune System: Natural Born Killer – Crash Course Biology #32:

  • We have innate immunity, which responds to all pathogens in the same, non-specific way
  • Acquired immunity requires the body to learn the pathogens before it attacks them
  • The digestive tract acts as another skin for our body and aids in keeping out pathogens

30. The Immune System Explained I – Bacteria Infection
@Kurz_Gesagt

The Immune System Explianed I Bacterial Infection

The Immune System Explained I – Bacteria Infection is a video from Kurzgesagt that explains how the immune system functions. Via color-coding and simple explanations, the video makes it much easier to understand how the immune system protects us.

Three key facts we like from The Immune System Explained I – Bacteria Infection:

  • Many immune system cells have multiple functions to aid in protecting the body from invaders
  • The immune system is immensely complex
  • Known as guard cells, macrophages are large immune system cells that often stave off infection and disease alone, because each can devour up to 100 intruders

31. Biology Human Health & Diseases Part 18 (Human Immune System) Class 12 XII
@ExamfearVideos

Biology Human Health Diseases Part 18 Human Immune System Class 12 XII

Examfear Videos is a YouTube channel that offers free educational sources on physics, mathematics, biology, and chemistry to help students and others learn more about the concepts associated with those particular subjects. Biology Human Health & Diseases Part 18 (Human Immune System) Class 12 XII provides an overview of immunity and the ways in which the immune system helps fight disease.

Three key facts we like from Biology Human Health & Diseases Part 18 (Human Immune System) Class 12 XII:

  • The immune system recognizes and responds to pathogens by identifying them and then storing them in memory so they are able to attack them more quickly and effectively in the future
  • The human immune system is comprised of lymphoid organs including the bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, tonsils, and Peyer’s patches of the small intestine
  • Various lymphoid organs trap pathogens and provide the platform for the lymphocytes to attack them

32. Immune System – Natural Killer Cell

Immune System Natural Killer Cell

3D artist Kyle Thornthwaite animated this immune system video for the Cancer Research Institute of West Tennessee. The video describes how the natural killer cells, or lymphocytes, aggressively attack invaders to protect the body.

Three key facts we like from Immune System – Natural Killer Cell:

  • Lymphocytes are part of the innate immune system
  • Natural killer cells do not need to recognize an invader before releasing their toxins and destroying them
  • Lymphocytes target cancer cells and target a variety of infectious microbes

33. Cancer Study Looks at Using Immune System to Fight Disease
@CBSThisMorning

Cancer Study Looks at using Immune System to Fight Disease

CBS This Morning has made the news the focus of the morning, and this video shares the news that researchers and doctors are tapping into the immune system to fight cancer. CBS News chief medical correspondent Dr. Jon LaPook and CBS News contributor Dr. Holly Phillips also discuss the importance of getting a second opinion when it comes to diagnoses.

Three key facts we like from Cancer Study Looks at Using Immune System to Fight Disease:

  • The body struggles to differentiate between healthy cells and cancer cells, so the immune system is better able to attack highly the mutated cancer cells that occur in some cancer patients
  • In clinical trials, patients who were given an immune-boosting drugs had positive effects, such as their tumors shrinking or stopping growth
  • Immunotherapy may help cancer patients avoid ineffective, costly treatments

34. GCSE Biology Revision: Pathogens and the Immune System
@UKScienceguy

GCSE Biology Revision Pathogens and the Immune System

Shaun Donnelly is head of science at a Manchester school and a science evangelist who wants to deliver great science lessons to students. That’s why he presents free science lessons on YouTube, such as GCSE Biology Revision: Pathogens and the Immune System. This video defines pathogens and takes a look at how bacteria and viruses affect the body.

Three key facts we like from GCSE Biology Revision: Pathogens and the Immune System:

  • Pathogens are microorganisms that cause infectious disease
  • Pathogens include bacteria and viruses
  • White blood cells protect us from pathogens in three ways: ingesting pathogens and destroying them, producing antibodies that destroy certain bacteria and viruses, and producing antitoxins that counteract toxins released by pathogens

35. Why You Need a Strong Immune System to Fight Cancer – Dr. James Forsythe
@truthaboutbigc

Why You Need a Strong Immune System to Fight Cancer Dr James Forsythe

The Truth About Cancer is on a mission to educate the world and empower people with knowledge about all types of cancer treatments. In this YouTube video, Dr. James Forsythe, oncologist, speaks about the importance of a strong immune system when it comes to fighting cancer.

Three key facts we like from Why You Need a Strong Immune System to Fight Cancer – Dr. James Forsythe:

  • If your immune system is compromised or weak, you are more vulnerable to diseases like cancer; this especially is true for younger people
  • Any time your immune system is weak, you are susceptible to a malignancy
  • Doctors look at B and T cell counts to determine the strength of your immune system

36. Use Your Immune System to Fight Disease
@wbaltv11

Use Your Immune System to Fight Disease

WBAL-TV 11 is Maryland’s news leader. Their YouTube video, Use Your Immune System to Fight Disease, shares a medical alert that highlights the importance of a strong immune system to help your body fight off disease.

Three key facts we like from Use Your Immune System to Fight Disease:

  • Getting enough sleep is one of the best things you can do to boost your immune system
  • Vitamin D supplements boost the immune system to help it protect the body from disease
  • Probiotics reduce inflammation in the gut and strengthen your immune response

37. Innate Immunity: Viral Pathogen Immune Response
@imgenexcorp

Innate Immunity Viral Pathogen Immune Response IMGENEX

IMGENEX Corporation is a “leading manufacturer of antibodies and reagents for signaling pathways of TLRs, innate and adaptive immunology, inflammation, cancer, apoptosis, and stem cells.” They showcase three innate immune receptor families in this video that describes how the immune system protects the body from disease.

Three key facts we like from Innate Immunity: Viral Pathogen Immune Response:

  • The three families of innate immune receptor families are toll-like receptors (TLRs), rig-I-like receptors (RILs), and nod-like receptors (NLRs)
  • Pathogens penetrate the outer line of defense, such as skin, and enter the bloodstream through intercellular travel
  • TLRs send signals to spark an immune response to attack pathogens and eliminate them

38. Recognition of Fungi and Activation of Immune Response
@MechanismsCME

Recognition of Fungi and Activation of Immune Response

Mechanisms in Medicine takes a unique approach to health education by creating state-of-the-art medical animations and interactive elearning resources. One example of their medical animations is seen in Recognition of Fungi and Activation of Immune Response, a video available on YouTube that teaches viewers about the immune response our body takes to invading pathogens.

Three key facts we like from Recognition of Fungi and Activation of Immune Response:

  • The immune system recognizes fungi via patter recognition receptors
  • The immune response to fungi includes an activation of intracellular signaling cascades
  • Macrophages and dendritic cells also produce and release cytokines and chemokines to protect the body against disease


Multimedia Resources, Interactive Articles, and Slides

39. Immune System – New Health Guide

Immune System New Health Guide

New Health Guide provides information for people to lead healthier lives. Their multimedia resource on the immune system includes an overview of the organs and major components of the system and describes the functions of the system. It also invoices a video that explains the immune system in great detail.

Three key facts we like from Immune System – New Health Guide:

  • The immune response is carried out by a variety of organs, tissues, and cells, especially white blood cells known as leukocytes
  • The most important function of the immune system is to protect the body from disease-causing pathogens
  • The immune system is capable of detecting the type of disease the pathogen carries, fighting it, and eliminating it from the body

40. Immune Response
@medlineplus

Immune Response

MedlinePlus, part of the U.S. National Library of Medicine, shares the latest news and information on health and medicine. They offer information about the immune response, including how the body recognizes and defends itself against disease, in this multimedia resource that includes videos about the immune response, phagocytosis, and vaccines.

Three key facts we like from Immune Response:

  • Antigens in the form of proteins on the surface of cells, viruses, fungi, and bacteria are recognized by the immune system so that it can respond to them
  • Innate immunity includes your cough reflex, enzymes in tears and skin oils, mucus, skin, and stomach acid
  • The immune system contains white blood cells, chemicals, and proteins like antibodies that directly attack foreign invaders in the body

41. How Does the Body Fight Back?

How Does the Body Fight Back

S-cool is a revision website that offers educational resources in a variety of subjects. How Does the Body Fight Back? is a multimedia resource that explains the ways in which the immune system uses its defenses to protect the body from disease and features animations to demonstrate them.

Three key facts we like from How Does the Body Fight Back?:

  • The body uses both passive and active defenses to protect the body
  • Passive defenses, such as skin, the eye, and the respiratory system, act as roadblocks to pathogens
  • The active system of cells, including white blood cells,  directly deal with invaders to ward off infection and disease

42. White Blood Cells
@ABPI_UK

White Blood Cells

The Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) represents research-based biopharmaceutical companies. They offer resources for schools, such as White Blood Cells, a multimedia resource.

Three key facts we like from White Blood Cells:

  • White blood cells act as the second line of defense in the immune system
  • The immune system responds to certain pathogens after it recognizes them as foreign invaders
  • White blood cells distinguish pathogens from natural parts of the body by identifying antigens on the surface of the pathogens

43. The Immune System – Biology Innovation
@bio_innovation

The Immune System Biology Innovation

Biology Innovation offers educational materials, such as The Immune System, to help people gain a better understanding of biological concepts and processes. This multimedia resource includes definitions, diagrams, and videos to aid in learning about immune response.

Three key facts we like from:

  • Antigens incite the production of antibodies that aid in immune response
  • The shape of antibodies allows them to join with specific antigens and neutralize, inhibit, or destroy them
  • Immune system response uses lymphocytes produced by stem cells in bone marrow

44. Our Immune System Defends Us Against Infectious Diseases
@NobelPrize

Our Immune System Defends Us Against Infectious Diseases

The official site of the Nobel Prize, nobelprize.org, shares this slide show that describes how the immune system protects the body from infectious diseases. One important component of the immune system is the T cells that specifically identify infected cells.

Three key facts we like from Our Immune System Defends Us Against Infectious Diseases:

  • T killer cells need to recognize two things on the surface of infected cells in order to kill them: virus antigen and an MHC molecule
  • When T killer cells attach and sense the antigens on a target cell, they ingest the target cell and destroy it
  • Vaccination helps the immune system respond earlier and more efficiently to antigens

45. How Does the Immune System Work
@IOkidney

How Does the Immune System Work

10-for-IO is a new global resource for kidney cancer patients and organizations that are interested in immune-oncology (IO). Their interactive article, How Does the Immune System Work, provides a thorough overview of the immune system and immune response, complete with a Q&A format that enables readers to learn exactly what they want to know about how the immune system protects the body from disease.

Three key facts we like from How Does the Immune System Work:

  • Lymphocytes are the most specialized cells of the immune system; they are rare in the blood but they are important at the site of infection or cancers, where they identify the target the immune system must specifically destroy
  • Dendritic cells teach lymphocytes which cells are normal and which are invaders by aiding lymphocytes in the process of examining pieces of proteins from the surface of cells
  • When lymphocytes recognize an infected cell, they trigger the immune response to destroy disease-causing invaders or cancer cells

46. Immune System – Big Picture
@wellcometrust

Immune System Big Picture

Wellcome Trust is a charitable foundation that exists to improve health for everyone. They offer Big Picture, a resource that is “bringing cutting-edge science into the classroom and beyond.” Immune System is their interactive article that offers a detailed look into how this body system protects us from the organisms and substances that seek to do us harm.

Three key facts we like from Immune System – Big Picture:

  • Diseases spread when the body’s defensive barriers are breached
  • Antibody levels change during the immune response in an attempt to rid the body of disease-causing invaders
  • Thanks to antigen recognition, the immune response includes an antibody attack on antigens


Infographics

47. Diagram of the Human Immune System
@LiveScience

Diagram of the Human Immune System

LiveScience shares science news on a variety of topics, including health and the immune system. This infographic capture the immune response of a healthy body and illustrates the ways in which the immune system identifies and attacks threats to protect us from disease.

Three key facts we like from Diagram of the Human Immune System:

  • Properly functioning immune systems identify and attack threats while leaving healthy tissue alone
  • Lymphocytes and leukocytes are key components in the fight to protect the body from disease; lymphocytes destroy bacteria and toxins or infected or cancerous cells, and leukocytes identify and eliminate pathogens
  • The lymphatic system includes bone marrow, the spleen, the thymus, and lymph nodes and plays a crucial role in protecting the body from disease

48. Immune Function
@nationwidekids

Immune Function

Nationwide Children’s Hospital is America’s largest pediatric hospital and an international leader in research. Their Immune Function infographic illustrates the two sides of the immune system: the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system.

Three key facts we like from Immune Function:

  • Macrophages engulf the pathogens and kills them as part of the innate immune system
  • The immune system recruits phagocytes, such as monocytes and neutrophils, to fight foreign pathogens that enter the body
  • The adaptive immune system switches on when the body detects a specific antigen; otherwise, it stays inactive because the monocytes are not displaying pieces of a specific antigen on their cell surface

49. Immunology: Immune Response
@geekymedics

Immunology Immune Response

Billed as a “fun medical revision platform for medics, by medics,” Geeky Medics is a resource for medical students who want to learn more productively. Immunology: Immune Response features several infographics, diagrams, and other visual aids to demonstrate how the immune system protects the body from disease.

Three key facts we like from Immunology: Immune Response:

  • While the immune system itself is a mobile, circulating system, some fixed anatomical structures, such as bone marrow, the thymus gland, lymph nodes, the spleen, and the liver, aid in its function
  • The cells of the immune system include granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes
  • Normal immune response includes four main components: pathogen recognition, acute inflammatory response, antigen presentation with activation of specific T helper cells, and a target antigen-specific immune response coordinated by CD4 helper T cells

50. The Specific Immune Response – When the Body Declares War! 

The Specific Immune Response When the Body Declares War

From the Government of Western Australia, The Specific Immune Response – When the Body Declares War! is features an interactive diagram and infographic that thoroughly explain the seven steps of the body’s specific immune response to a non-self antigen, such as a virus.

Three key facts we like from The Specific Immune Response – When the Body Declares War!:

  • B cells activate and produce an antibody-mediated response when a virus enters the body, multiplies, and invades the cells
  • Antibodies combine with specific antigens and destroy them
  • Suppressor t cells stop the immune response